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Transcript of Canada East
In the year 1861 the BNA colonies wanted to form a confederation however, Canada East wasn't guaranteed the rights to keeping their own language, religion, and schools. Plus the farmers and merchants wanted more markets for their goods but weren't guaranteed that either so Canada East wasn't in on the deal.
The fathers of confederation included: George E. Cartier, Etienne P. Tache, Alexander T. Galt, Jean Charles Champais, Hector Langeuin, and Thomas D'arcy McGee.
Population and Cities
The overall population of Canada East is 1 112 000 people. The largest cities in Canada East included Montreal with a population of 107 225 and Quebec with a population of 590 700 people. Montreal was the largest city in all of the BNA colonies. 20% of the people lived in the big cities and the rest of them were farmers.
Ways of Making a Living
Lumber was one of the primary natural resources. Hundreds of workers cut and squared trees with broad axes. Once the logs float down the Saint Lawrence during floods, workers at the saw mill turn them into planks and boards, then factory workers manually shape them into shingles, furniture, matches, washboards, door frames, and windows to be sold in the U.S. Clothes were always homemade, normally by the women. The farmers grew potatoes, rye, buckwheat, and had livestock. A lot of farmers also made maple sugar. They made stone houses and their own furniture and ate the food that they grew on their farms. Merchants sold food that they got from the farmers. There were many other jobs such as preists, store workers, and government workers
Hello class, we are here to talk to you about Canada East and it's history, population and how the people in the 1860's lived.
The main transportation that they used was boats, horse drawn carriages, railways were rarely used for travel but to transport goods for place to place, and of course they walked a lot. During this time, the Grand Trunk Railway built a bridge called the Jubilee Bridge but is now known as the Victoria Bridge. This bridge was used to connect the island of Montreal to the south shore.
Links and Relationships
Canada East had relationships with Canada West and the U.S. Canada West always argued with Canada East about joining the confederation but Canada East wanted an all french country away from Canada and the U.S. Canada East and West were always arguing and blaming one another for everything; kind of like brother and sister. Canada East was worried about being overrun by the English speaking majority.
Regional Interests (special needs and concerns)
Canada East had a problem, by the 1860's The Grand Trunk Railway was approximately $72 million in debt. Because of this, the province of Canada pulled out the Intercolonial Railway's deal and negotiations. It was almost impossible for them to get out of debt because of their small annual income of only $200.
Hope you enjoyed!
Thank you for listening to our presentation!