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Urban Health Mumbai
Transcript of Urban Health Mumbai
Challenges & Successes
Mumbai struggles with reducing under-5 child mortality and malnutrition but has developed innovative ways of meeting this challenge.
Importance of Urban Health
The WHO projects that the global urban population will grow from 3.4 billion in 2009 to 6.4 billion in 2050, roughly 70% of the world's population at that time.
Public hospitals provide free healthcare for selected services to Mumbai residents below the poverty line with a yellow ration card
Despite this free provision, 70% of urban households report primarily using private facilities with nearly 60% of the lowest wealth quintile using private facilities
India currently spends only 1% of its GDP on healthcare
According to the 12th five year plan, the Indian government will increase healthcare spending to 2.5 by the end of 2017; this is far lower than the global median of 5%
Private insurance has yet to break into the Indian market with only 3% of the population covered by a private insurer
Usage and Financing Public Health
Urban health priorities, such as sanitation, pollution reduction, and access will increasingly become the pivotal focus of public health practice.