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Cargo Securement

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by

Tommy Adams

on 1 April 2016

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Transcript of Cargo Securement

What
Cargo being transported on the highway must remain secured on or within the transporting vehicle.
When
The cargo must remain secured on or in the transporting vehicle:

Under all conditions that could reasonably be expected to occur in normal driving.
When a driver is responding in all emergency situations, EXCEPT when there is a crash.
Why
An improperly secured load can result in:

Loss of life
Loss of load
Damage to the cargo
Damage to the vehicle
A crash
Issuance of citations/fines to driver/carrier
The vehicle being placed Out-of-Service.
How Well Must Cargo be Secured?
So that it does not:

Leak
Spill
Blow off the vehicle
Fall from the vehicle
Fall through the vehicle
Otherwise become dislodged from the vehicle
Shift upon or within the vehicle to such an extent that the vehicle's stability or maneuverability is adversely affected.
Vehicle Structure
Includes:

Floors
Walls
Decks
Tiedown anchor points
Headboards
Bulkheads
Stakes
Posts
Anchor points.
Securing Devices
Includes:

Synthetic Webbing
Chain
Wire rope
Manila rope
Synthetic rope
Steel strapping
Clamps and latches
Blocking
Front-end structure

Tie Downs
All components of a tiedown must be in proper working order.

No knots or obvious damage
No distress
No weakened parts
No weakened sections
How many tiedowns are required?

1.52 m (5 ft) or shorter
500 kg (1,100 lb.) or lighter
1 Tiedown
GOAL!
Cargo Securement
FMCSA Driver Handbook
All elements of the vehicle structure and anchor points must be in good working order:

No obvious damage.
No distress.
No weakened parts.
No weakened sections.
Binders
Shackles
Winches
Stake pockets
D-rings
Pocket
Webbing ratchet
Bracing
Friction mat
Grab hooks
Each tiedown must be attached and secured so that it does not become loose or unfastened, open, or release during transit.
Edge protection must be used if a tiedown could be cut or torn when touching an article of cargo. The edge protection itself must also resist crushing, cutting, and abrasion.
1.52 m (5 ft) or shorter
Over 500 kg (1,100 lb.)
2 Tiedowns
All Cargo 1 tiedown for every 3.04 m (10 ft), or part thereof

How should tiedowns be attached?
Full transcript