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Transcript of Pompeii
The Villa of Mysteries was built around the 2nd Century BC but was abandoned around 62AD by it's owner after the earthquake that year. This grand villa located on the outskirts of Pompeii is called the Villa of Mysteries because of a room showing a series of brilliant frescoes on the walls that depict, what modern historians think is, an initiation process.
House of the Surgeon
When this house was excavated, they found a numerous amount of surgical tools here that suggest that the owner of this house was a surgeon, thus the name House of the Surgeon. These tools are now housed in the Archeological Museum of Naples. The design and materials used in this house resemble some of the oldest building methods found in Pompeii.
House of the Vettii
This is one of the most famous houses in Pompeii and is thought to belong to the Vettii brothers because of their signet rings which were discovered in this house during excavations. It's famous because of it's well frescoes which depict various scenes from mythology. Some of the household objects were left in the house instead of being transferred to the Naples Museum to allow visitors to imagine domestic life in this house before the eruption of Vesuvius in 79Ad.
This fresco found in the House of the Surgeon depicts a physician using a scapel to remove part of an arrow lodged in a man's leg. It shows that Pompeii's society was not much different from ours in the sense that we today still have doctors who use scapels to operate on us as well.
Pompeii: A Roman Town
Pompeii is a Roman holiday town situated near the Bay of Naples in Campania, Italy and the town is in the shadow of Mt. Vesuvius. On August 24th 79AD, Mt. Vesuvius finally exploded and covered the entirety of this town with a blanket of ash, preserving it as a perfect time capsule. In 1748 this ancient town was finally discovered again and now this preserved ancient town is yours to discover...
Your guide to a Roman town
House of the Faun
The House of the Faun is one of the most famous and most visited of all the Pompeiian houses. It's name comes from the statue of the dancing faun that was in the centre of the impluvium in this house's atrium. Due to the large size and grandeur of this house it is thought to belong to one of the wealthiest families in Pompeii at the time.
Map of Pompeii
The Initiation Chamber
This room is what makes the Villa of Mysteries so famous. The frescoes appear to be depicting an initiation rite of a young bride showing her transformation from a girl to a woman. This ritual also has something to do with Bacchus, the Roman god of wine and ecstasy. The frescoes were painted in the buon fresco style of applying colour pigment to wet plaster.
Exterior of the House of the Surgeon
Alexander the Great