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The Juxtaposition of the Roles of Men and Women in Chronicle of a Death Foretold

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Mike Hua

on 1 October 2012

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Transcript of The Juxtaposition of the Roles of Men and Women in Chronicle of a Death Foretold

The Comparison of Gender Roles Chronicle of a Death Foretold Marquez's Commentary on Machismo Role of Women Role of Men Machismo A strong sense of masculine pride Notable Men: Santiago Nasar
Vicario Brothers
Bayardo San Roman Notable Women: Are the women complicit? YES! Breaking Free Clotilde Armenta
Divina Flor
Angela Vicario Gabriel Garcia Marquez Although the roles of men and women clash there are similarities first, what are specific themes about each gender? This is a strong theme in Latin American societies
An Emphasis on machismo leads to injustice
This concept highlights male pride and their sexual behavior
The Vicario brothers are the best example The injustices
The Vicario Brothers
Societal Expectations Machismo
Business
Upbringing
Interactions with Men
Interactions with Women Men are expected to take over family businesses when their fathers are no longer capable of running it on their own. Examples: Santiago The Vicario Brothers The Brothel Visits
Men Had a Less Demanding Upbringing Partying and Drinking Class Differences Expectations Lower Class Middle Class Upper Class Different
perspectives Low expectations
Most societal standards were neglected

Examples:
Maria Alejandra Cervantes
Victoria Guzman
Divina Flor Usually Mothers
They were to prepare the next generation of girls

Examples:
Purisma Del Carmen
Placida Linero They had opportunities to move up to the higher class
Societal standards were taught and expected

Examples:
The Vicario Sisters
-Angela
Flora Miguel Interactions with Women
Interactions with Men Angela Vicario Benefits
+
Drawbacks Class System + Expectations Honor Marriage, Sex, Relationships “ It was a matter of honor” ( 49) Drawback: protection of a woman’s honor promotes an excess of male aggressiveness and machismo, men’s duty to restore family’s honor, even it means killing. Benefit: cultural norms surpass the law. (murder is pardoned, because of honor is worth it) Benefit: If married well, could end up with a higher status. Drawback: punished for having premarital sex, ruin chances of marrying well family’s honor is lost due to sex and then failed marriage. “ … holding me by the hair with one hand beating me with the other with such rage that I thought she was going to kill me” (46) Women Men “The brothers were brought to be men.” (31) “…he went to military service, his twin brother also learned the slaughterer’s trade.” (40) (after Poncio went blind) Drawback: usually need to be born with money/wealth to be a person of high status, work to make money. Benefit: got to marry/court whoever they liked with wealth, more freedom than women. They are the ones to propose, more authority than women. Benefit: they are sheltered and protected by the person they marry, have a family of your own. Drawback: House wives, conservative, have no say in the community, arranged marriages, they give themselves to their own families/husbands, dependency on men, they need to be pure, seldom socializing beyond the confines of their own home. “.. . reared to get married … screen embroidery, sew by machine, weave bone lace, wash and iron, make artificial flowers and fancy candy, and write engagement letters…” (pg 31) Women Men “… he had the same utilitarian concept of matrimony as his father” (111) Men Drawback: may not love her, provide for family
Men Benefit: raise his social status if he has a beautiful, obedient woman, as well as being an excellent house wife. Women Drawback: no love in marriage; cheating husband; if a virgin, remain virgin until marriage; usually not married until late in life.
Women Benefit: she married a man much richer than herself (advance in the world), prostitutes are in charge of their own lives (no dependence on men). Women Drawback: guys might take advantage of women, can’t stop cheating, punished if not a virgin.
Women Benefit: prostitutes are in charge of their own lives (no dependence on men). Men Drawback: loose morals become habitual
Men Benefit: More freedom than women, women can’t tell them what to do. “She’d been seduced by Ibrahim Nasar in her adolescence …to be a house servant when the affection was over.” (9-10) “It was she who did away with our generation’s virginity.” (65) Sex Marriage Both men and women marry for convenience, not for love. Children Social Economic MEN WOMEN marriages are utilitarian continuation of the family name
and business Women may move up the social ladder due to her husband

A woman can't have legitimate children without a marriage The husband is the source of money. Marriages weren't always utilitarian. Recall Xius the widower (36) When interacting within their genders, both men and women were less restricted in what they could do. As previously discussed, men are held above women. Prior to marriage, men hold women on pedestals and women must maintain their position. After the union, the women hop along to the husband's pedestal. The only problem with being held so highly is that both these genders risk falling to the bottom. Xius also teaches us that marriages for utilitarian purposes are more valuable than for one of love. In essence, the roles of each gender are to benefit each gender respectively. Dominance in Marriage Courted women not to demonstrate love, but to demonstrate wealth and power
Return brides if they are not pure help in the household
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