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Brown and Harris (1978)

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by

Jorge Magana

on 9 February 2015

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Transcript of Brown and Harris (1978)

Methods
Conclusions
Studied women who received hospital treatment for depression.
Sampled 458 women in the general population aged between 18 to 65.
Strengths and Limitations
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Strengths
Relatively big sample group
Representable of the general population
Results
Aim
The aim of this experiment was to find out the social origins of depression in women.
How study is used to answer GLT
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Brown and Harris (1978)
The Social Factors in Depression
Study supported the idea that social factors in the form of life-stress (or serious life-events) could be linked to depression.

Life events that resembled previous experiences were more likely to trigger depression.

Led to widely accepted "diathesis-stress model", claims that depression is the result of hereditary predisposition with precipitating events in the environment.
- 82% of those who became depressed had recently experienced severe life changing event(s).
- 33% experienced severe life changing event(s) in the non-depressed group.
- 23% percent working class women became depressed within the past year.
- 3% in the middle class.
- Those with a young children were at higher risk of becoming depressed.

The factors that had the strongest associations with depression involved recent level of stress,they were lacking an intimate relationship, lack of paid employment and the presence of three or more children and death of mother during childhood.
Limitations
Cultural factors were not taken into consideration
Only sampled on women
Results can be generalized
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