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Sickle Cell Anemia

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by

Kiara Binas

on 4 April 2014

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Transcript of Sickle Cell Anemia

by Kiara Binas
Sickle Cell Anemia
How do you get Sickle Cell Anemia
What does Sickle Cell
Anemia do?
Symptoms of Sickle Cell Anemia include . .
worsens, symptoms include . . . .
When Sickle Cell Anemia
Jaundice ( yellowing of skin )
Ulcers on the lower legs
rapid heartbeat
poor eyesight / blindness
pneumonia
Cures for Sickle Cell Anemia
Sickle Cell Anemia
by Kiara Binas
Sickle Cell Anemia is a hereditary blood disease in which a sufferers's red blood cells form crescent shapes, or sickles, when they are not bound to oxygen in the bloodstream. This is caused by an abnormal type hemoglobin called sickle hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein that carries oxygen and is part of red blood cells.
What is Sickle Cell Anemia ?
healthy blood cells affected blood cells
- Sickle cell anemia makes red blood cells stiff, sticky, and crescent moon shaped

- Makes affected red blood cells clump together, and block blood flow in blood vessels.

-Shortens life span of red blood cells to 10 - 20 days. Healthy red blood cells can live up to 90 - 120 days.

Makes it harder for bone marrow to replace dying red blood cells due to short life span of the blood cells
Sickle Cell Anemia is strictly hereditary, and is a disease you are born with. It is an recessive autosomal trait, while being a carrier for the trait is a dominant autosomal trait. There is no
' switch ' that activates Sickle Cell Anemia, sufferer's only get the disease at birth, but usually don't bear symptoms until a few months after birth.
- Shortness of Breath
- Jaundice
- Headaches
- Dizziness
- Organ Damage
- Splenic Crisis
- Hand Foot Syndrome
- Infections
- Pulmonary Hypertension
- Acute Chest Pain
- Eye problems
- Leg Ulcers
- Organ Failure
There are no widely available cures for sickle cell
anemia. However blood and marrow stem cell transplants can offer a cure for a small group of sickle cell anemia victims. Sufferers also take folic acid, and penicillin to prevent getting sick.
Hydroxyurea treats people with severe sickle cell anemia
sickle cell mutation
Full transcript