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An Era of Reform

Reform movements that swepts through he United States between 1820 ad 1850

Heidi Be

on 17 June 2010

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Transcript of An Era of Reform

The Second Great Awakening Prisoner Reform Mentally ill Reform Improving Education Fighting Slavery Equal Rights for Women An Era of Reform Chapter 18 Transcendentalism Churches began to preach
forgiveness. Preacher Charles G. Finney encouraged
christians to "be filled with the holy spirit"
This religous revival FIRED up people's
emotions! His preaching inspired people
in the West and North to work for
improvement in society. Charles Finney's ideas also inspired many
people to actively oppose slavery. This optimistic message attracted
enthusiastic followers! Children accused of minor thefts
were jailed with adult criminals Thousands of Americans in prison owed less
than $20. They were locked up for years Dorothea Dix fought for
reform in the prison Special justice system for
children in trouble. Outlawed cruel punishment, such as
branding people with hot irons. Prisoners where locked in chains
and cages. Mentally ill were locked away in
dirty crowded prison cells. Those who misbehaved were
whipped. Dorothea Dix, along with other reformers believed
that the mentally ill needed treatment NOT punishment Lawmakers voted to create special mental hospitals Horance Mann fought for
public schools, paid for by
taxes. Rich parents sent their chilren
to private schools or hired tutors. Some children attended a one
room school house part time.
Most did not go to school at all. The North and West followed
Mann's ideas and opened public
schools for white children, mainly
boys. Women and African Americas
still had very limited access
to education. Do not conform to other's expectations,
they said. "If you want to find God and
your true self, look to nature and the
"God within". Henry David Thoreau and
Ralph Waldo Emerson encouraged
the spirit of reform by urging people
to question society's rules and institutions. Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau An escaped slave Fredrick Douglas
became a leader in the abolitionist
movement. His speeches inspired many to
fight for the abolition of slavery. He started a newspaper
The North Star. The motto read:
"Right is of no sex--Truth is of no
color--God is the father of us all,
and we are all Brethren. Radicals in the abolition movement hoped
to inspire slave revolts to end slavery Inspired by religous reform women became
involved in the right against slavery. Angelina and Sarah Grimke spoke against
poverty and pain of slavery. Even though the
sisters were met with violence they led the
way for other women to speak in public. Abolitionist- People who favored abolition, the
ending of slavery Seneca Falls Convention
Almost 300 people attended
including 40 men
other reformers
facory works Proposal for women's right:
The Declaration of Sentiments
Based on the Declaration of Independence.
"We hold these truths to be self-evident
that all men are created equal." The convention concluded with an
agreement to fight for women's right
to vote Elizabeth Cady Standon was
responsible for helping women
receiving the right to control
their own property and wages.
Full transcript