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WWI Rap Assignment 2

Lena, Nick, & Emma

Emma Bryans

on 14 April 2010

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Transcript of WWI Rap Assignment 2

WWI Rap Assignment Lena, Emma Nick Count Berchthold: He was the Austro-Hungarian foreign minister during World War I, and was one of Austro-Hungary’s richest men. With the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, he saw an opportunity to shame Serbia by favoring an immediate invasion of Serbia without prior declaration of war on 7 July; he was over-ruled by Prime Minister Tisza, who argued for revenge through diplomatic channels. Berchtold persuaded the Emperor to agree to give the ultimatum to Serbia, which was delivered on 23 July, 1914. This was the first step leading to the war. Berchtold ignored Serbia’s acceptance of the ultimatum, convincing Franz-Josef to declare war with Serbia on 28 July, 1914. He was forced to resign on 13 January 1915 and died on 21 November 1942 in Hung. Ultimatum: Austro-Hungary’s response to the assassination of Archduke Franz ferdinand followed a Ministerial Council Meeting on 7 July. Its ultimatum included a lengthy list of demands made upon the Serbian government. This took as its basis of a statement that the Serbian government was involved in the event at Sarajeva. The ultimatum was presented by the Austrian government to Belgrade on Thursday 23 July 1914 by Count Berchtold. A response was demanded within two days. Even though Serbia accepted most of the demands, war was declared by Austro-Hungary shortly afterwards. 28th July: On July 28th 1914, Austro-Hugnary declared war on Serbia. Count Berchtold sent the declaration of war to the Serbian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister. Mobilize: Moblizing means to assemble or marchal into readiness for active service. Moblizing Russia was meant to warn the Austrians not to interfere with the Balkans but to the Germans, it meant war. An army hs never been moblized that did not plan to go to war. After Russia moblized, other countries followed. Black Sea: The Black Sea is south of Russia and is connected to the rest of the world through the straits of Bosporus and Dardanelles connecting to the Mediterranean Sea. The Black Sea itself is in the middle of several different countries. Since Russia has a backward encomy, Russia could acess several different countries including the counntries past the Bosporus via the Black Sea instead of going around the Black sea on land to trade for goods. Bosporus: Bosporus, also known as the Istanbul Straight, is one of the bodys of water that forms the border between Europe and Asia. The strategic importance of the Bosporus Strait is high and control over it has been an objective of a number of hostilities in history, especially the attack of the Allied Powers on the Dardonelles in 1915. Dardanelles: The Dardanelles, formerly known as Hellespont, is a narrow strait connecting to the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara. Located in northwestern Turkey, the Dardanelles was crucial to Russia because with access Russia would have a safer and shorter journey to import and export goods. But without it, Russia would have to go around the Arctic Ocean just to trade with other countries.
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