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The Specific Personal Benefit of Musical Engagement

Provocation at Leeds College of Music
by

Dave Camlin

on 14 March 2017

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Transcript of The Specific Personal Benefit of Musical Engagement

The
specific personal benefit of musical engagement
How do we know?
[Our] “senses are deceptive, and it is wiser not to trust entirely to anything by which we have once been deceived.” (Descartes 1641)
Is experience enough?
Qual.
Quant.
Yes
No
Singing modulates mood, stress, cortisol, cytokine and neuropeptide activity in cancer patients and carers (Fancourt et al. 2016)
Dr. Dave Camlin
dave@davecamlin.co.uk 07580 078924
The wrong unit of analysis?
"SIAP argue that focusing exclusively on how art and culture affect individual people might be a mistake. While we have growing evidence that individuals are changed through encounters with the arts, it could be that the full effect of arts cultural engagement can be captured only if one accounts for the relational and collective changes, ‘the ways in which the arts contribute to building community and linking different communities to one another’" (Stern and Seifert, 2013b, p.196 in (Crossick & Kaszynska 2016)).
How do we measure interpersonal benefit?
Music structure determines heartrate variability (HRV) of singers (Vickhoff et al. 2013)
A Theory
[When ] “people realise – even on some subconscious level – that their state is being shared with another person’s state, in that recognition of the resonance, there’s this ‘feeling felt’ process that happens.” (Siegel 2015)
Active music-making facilitates wellbeing through the interpersonal synchronisation of ‘resonance circuitry’ i.e. “mirror neuron system (MNS), the superior temporal cortex, the insula cortex, and the middle prefrontal cortex.” (Siegel 2011, p.61) manifesting as synchronisation of respiratory function, HRV and brainwave emissions.
Crossick, G. & Kaszynska, P. (2016). Understanding the Value of Arts and Culture: The AHRC Cultural Value Report. [Online]. Swindon: Arts & Humanities Research Council. Available from: http://www.ahrc.ac.uk/documents/publications/cultural-value-project-final-report/.
Descartes, R. (1641). Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy. Revised edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Fancourt, D., Williamon, A., Carvalho, L.A., Steptoe, A., Dow, R. & Lewis, I. (2016). Singing modulates mood, stress, cortisol, cytokine and neuropeptide activity in cancer patients and carers. ecancer. [Online]. 10 (631). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/294873196_Singing_modulates_mood_stress_cortisol_cytokine_and_neuropeptide_activity_in_cancer_patients_and_carers.
Siegel, D. (2015). Interview with Dan Siegel.
Siegel, D. (2011). Mindsight: Transform Your Brain with the New Science of Kindness. S.l.: Oneworld Publications.
Vickhoff, B., Malmgren, Helge, Astrom, Rickard, Ekstrom, S.-R., Engwall, M., Snygg, J., Nilsson, M. & Jornsten, R. (2013). Music structure determines heart rate variability of singers. [Online]. 9 July 2013. Frontiers in Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience. Available from: http://www.frontiersin.org/Auditory_Cognitive_Neuroscience/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00334/abstract. [Accessed: 11 July 2013].
References
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