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Senses

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by

Priyanka Hafiz

on 23 February 2017

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Transcript of Senses

Role of Smell in Taste
Odors can be detected through the nose/mouth through the RETRONASAL ROUTE
When you can't smell odors your ability to taste food diminishes greatly
Flavor is a combo of taste and smell
Ex. Jellybean experiment

The Basic Tastes
Sweet
One of the basic tastes most commonly perceived when eating foods high in sugar.
Sour
A basic taste that detects acidity - highly acidic means highly sour
Salty
A basic taste produced by the presence of sodium ions



The Basic Tastes
Without taste and smell you wouldn't be able to taste complex flavors- you'd be limited to chemical sensations: salty, sour, sweet, bitter, umami.
Papillae
Ridges found along the tongue (4 types)
Taste

Taste Buds
Located within the papilla
Taste sweet, sour, salty, bitter, umami
Popular Myth: different parts of the tongue are responsible for perceiving different flavors
Myth Debunked: all taste buds along the tongue are relatively capable of responding to different flavors
found on the upper surface of the tongue, soft palate, upper esophagus, the cheek and epiglottis

Bitter
Sharpness of taste; lack of sweetness (sugar)
Umami
Savory taste. It has been described as brothy or meaty. People taste umami through taste receptors specific to glutamate.


Each contains taste buds
Filiform
Fungiform
Foliate
Circumvallate
Full transcript