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Social Enterprise Dialogue in India (2017)

Northeastern University

Sara Minard

on 17 November 2016

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Transcript of Social Enterprise Dialogue in India (2017)

India 2017
Social Entrepreneurship and Sustainable Development in India
2017 India Dialogue @ Northeastern University
Professors Sara Minard and Skip Bivens

Dominant Culture Patterns
Worklife Patterns
Verbal Behavior
Non- Verbal Behavior
Judgement of Beauty
Attire and Fashion
Indian People
Body Language

1.27 billion people (and counting)

940 females for every 1000 males

Second most populated country, soon to be
the first

Contains 17.31% of world's total population

Science and Technology
Progress and Change
Artha (prosperity, or wealth) is one of the four traditional aims in life. A goal to strive for in Hinduism.

Power Distance
~India has a high power distance.
~They are dependent on the boss or power-holder for direction
~Have unequal right for the people down toward the lower levels in power.
~Paternalistic leaders
~The managment gives reasons or meanings to work life and rewards in exchange for loyalty from its employees.
~In India, control is familiar and even creates a psychological sense of security

~India scores a 48 in Hofstede's test of individualism.
~They are a collective group that has a high desire to be in a larger social framework.
~They will act in a way that benifits the group rather than oneself.
In this society if an individual is rejected by his/her peers they will feel a strong sense of emptiness.
~At work they have a sense of loyalty from the employees and almost a familial bond with management.

Masculine vs. Feminine:
~India is a predominantly masculine society in terms of its display of power and success but women are gaining ground in some areas
~Marital rape is still not a criminal offense
~Work is the center of one's life and visible display of your success is very important in the work place.
~This is one of the longest living cultures around today; they have been brought up with humility.
~ This may be why they do not show their success to the extent which one might be naturally inclined.
Uncertainity Avoidance:
~Nothing has to be perfect nor has to go exactly as planned
~India is traditionally a patient country where tolerance for the unexpected is high, seen as possibly a nice break from the normal monotony
~People are not driven to push themselves (with some exceptions in IT/business) and may get comfortable and settle.
Long Term Orientation:
~Karma dominates religious and philosophical thought
~Making time not linear, and therefore not as important as we find it to be.
~They forgive lateness
~Changing the plan along the way is okay
~Discovering the fated path and not following an exact plan
In India the common language is Hindi.
How are women leaders creating
a more just and equitable Indian society
The Poetry of Purpose, by Mick Minard
(Focus on the first two weeks of our course; Video 4:37)

Per Capita Income

1.1 billion live on less than 1
U.S. dollar/day

68.07 Rupees = $1 U.S
10,000 Rupees = $146.906 US

Total area- A little bigger than
1/3 of U.S.
North, East, South, and West
Natural Resources
Considered hot tropical country
Monson/rainy seasoon
2 more depending


Leisure Activities

Family-oriented: as a group/family
Watching Tv or going to a Movie.
Reading books.
Religious services.
Play games/sports.
Hang out with friends/family.
More Traditional Fun.
Holidays and
Classical dance.
Indian art.

Food and Meals
Chapati = thin
Naan = oven-baked

Popular Sports

Deep Structural Institutions



India is a secular state
Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%
Hinduism is viewed not simply as a religion or creed but as a complete and all-pervasive way of life
The joint family system is still preferred in more traditional homes
Consist of three or even four generations (including grandparents, aunts & uncles, cousins, etc.) living under one roof
Family members share space, income, property and household responsibilities
Religion Cont.
The world's oldest religion
Polytheistic (sort of)
Adhere to sacred scriptures called the Vedas
Believe that God resides within everyone and everything
You Lose!
After establishing key trading posts in India throughout the 1600's, the British elect to overthrow the Moguls and seize control
Behind Every Great Man...
After serving as her father's Chief of Staff, Indira Gandhi is elected India's first female Prime Minister
Breaking Ground on the Taj
The Mogul Emperor, Shah Jahan, begins construction of the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife, Mumtaz
Significant Historical Events
North, Meet South
The Mogul Empire begins its rule by unifying much of north and south India for the first time
Also responsible for introducing Islam to India
A lot of vegetarians
Fresh milk, fruits, veggies, unions, peppers, salads,
yogurt, bread.
Spices: ginger, garlic, herbs, lemon juice
Indian people like:
Salty, sweet, creamy, spicy, hot and pungent
Every meal typically has:
1. Starch 2. Meat or Fish 3.Vegetables 4. Chutney
Meat or Fish? Tea or Coffee?

Cool Facts: Hindus avoid beef. Muslims avoid pork

Holidays + Festivals
Holidays Based by the State and Territory
National Indian Holidays
26th of January- Saturday Republic Day
15th of August- Independence Day
2nd of October- Mahatma Gandhi Day
Every holiday gets a festival, where
socializing and eating together is key
Freedom isn't Free
On August 15th, India gains its independence and is divided into two countries; a predominately Hindu India and a predominately Muslim Pakistan
It is estimated that over 10M people were displaced by the partition and as many as 1M were killed in the accompanying riots
"An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind" -M.K.G.
Upon returning from a hiatus that took him to Great Britain and South Africa, Mohandas Gandhi launches a civil disobedience campaign against the British rule of India
History Cont.
Notable Contributions
Philosophy and Religion
(Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism)
Modern numerals (0) and mathematics
Ayurveda and Yoga
Kama Sutra
Constitutional Federal Republic
Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches
Legislature is known as Parliament; consists of two houses (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha)
Universal Adult Suffrage (any citizen 18 years or older has the right to vote)
Work isn't a reward in itself
Jobs are picked based on prestige
Work surrounds their day





Tribal Art


State Cont.
National Literacy Rate is ~74%
Public education follows the 10+2+3 pattern
Only slightly more than 20% of Indians have access to tertiary education (the "+3")
State Controlled
Print Media

Movies & TV

Social Media
Social Media
Limited almost exclusively to urban areas
Print Media
"Pay-to-Print" is a common phrase, representative of the perceived corruption within the Indian media
Movies and TV
"Bollywood" is commonly misunderstood to be synonymous with the Indian film industry
Emphasis on group
and fitting in over
standing out on top
Personal Space
What's inside?

Short TED clip on the power of immersion with Jacqueline Novogratz of the Acumen Fund
Overview of rich Indian history, culture, political economy & society
In-country program overview
A typical day
What to expect to learn from the trip
Contact information

Living a Life of Immersion
Big questions drive our curriculum
What does it mean to you to live a life of immersion?
How does your definition of "the good life" impact what you make?
What motivates your interest in the negative consequences of people's actions on others?
How can social entrepreneurship unlock human potential, and how are women SE's changing India?
How does understanding history make social enterprise more successful in solving problems?
Amartya Sen's Critiques (Tagore vs. Gandhi)
India spends 1.2% GDP on healthcare (China 2.7%)
Literacy rates are high (70%), but actual readings levels for primary school are extremely low (schooling vs. learning)
Explained by an elite skepticism of education of the masses; focus on higher ed, IT and pharma

2 great thought leaders of independence:
Mahatma Gandhi - skeptical of formal education, focus on person improvement by traditional work, such as spinning a wheel (cotton)
Rabindranath Tagore - imposing tower of misery in India has its sole foundation in the absence of education
Current Events
Tensions escalate between Muslims and Hindus in the Kishtwar district of Jammu and Kashmir
Bandh is extended indefinitely
Delhi rapes, subsequent rapes
Our Program
Arrive Delhi (May 29):
Scavenger hunt! Courses in development studies. Conduct problem/opportunity analysis of local context. Meet with Kamla Bhasin, a leading woman activist and author, and Madhureeta Anand, a film director, and take an historical tour of the city.
Drive to Lucknow
: in Uttar Pradesh, where we have a three-day visit with Dr. Urvashi Sahni, a social entrepreneur who is leading the way in educating girls and boys about gender rights, critical dialogue and using education as a tool for track learning outcomes to life outcomes. Courses in visual story-telling.
Drive to Varanasi:
Sacred site of the Ganges
Overnight Train to Agra:
Visit the Taj Mahal.
Drive to Jaipur:
May 19 – known for its gems and literature festival, this beautiful and historically important city will be our next destination city in this region. Time for shoppng and relaxation. Day visits to Barefoot College, a community-based social enterprise for women with global reach.      
Day trips to Tilonia: L
earn from the work of Barefoot College on women empowering women from around the world, the "Solar Mamas", and observe the night schools for village children. Learn about eco-systems thinking for impact measurement.
Fly to Mumbai: H
istorical tour of Mumbai. Two week immersion and rigorous design thinking work with local social enterprises on a range of projects addressing problems in education, health, sanitation, food security and employment in the urban slums. Mumbai is the most social entrepreneurial city in India, with a vibrant informal economy. Courses in social business modeling, marketing, impact investing, monitoring and evaluation, and partnerships for inclusive development and sustainable business. Final presentations of work delivered to clients in a public forum.
Fly to Kochi
: June 25th - Exploration of the beautiful ancient port of Cochin with rich cultural history. Overnight on a houseboat to see the rural countryside. Then we drive to Trivanmdrum for three final days in an Auyervedic resort on the ocean to reflect, evaluate, and celebrate.
Back to Boston by June 29th.
Sample Daily Activities
6-7am Yoga and Meditation (optional)
8-10am Working breakfast (coursework)
10-4pm Site visits or fieldwork alongside community members or research (multi-media)
4-8pm Free time (or Guest speakers) for journaling and exploring
6-8 Dinner
8-9pm Reflections on the day/readings
*Ongoing coaching and advising
*Free day every Sunday.
What to expect
- Very HOT weather and serious pollution
- No public sanitation, garbage in the streets, gender discrimination and deep poverty
-Leadership development through intensive teamwork and initiative-taking
- Deeper knowledge of development policy, market, civil society connections in fostering sustainable development and social enterprises
- Role of women in creating social impact and change
- Defining and measuring social impact and the art of visual storytelling
- Human centered design for business solutions
- Consulting work in development context, working with clients and mastering presentation skills
- Creative confidence, cultural humility, integrity, professionalism and patience.

Join us!


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