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Modern Globalization

1914 - Now

Jared Zoneraich

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Modern Globalization

(HistoryLearningSite.co.uk, 2013) Globalization in the Modern Era Economy Emergence of Capitalism as a World System Politics Political Institutions Culture Technology Telephone
1903: 1-2 million subscribers
150 million (1965) --> 1.5 billion (2000)

Internet (invented in the 1950s)
internet users:
0 in 1985 --> 934 million in 2004 --> 2.4 billion in 2012

Cameras (1940s - commercially viable color film) Military Overall, Globalization is evident through the process of demilitarization and focus on diplomacy, after the world wars and the wars against socialism. Dark Side of Globalization Global Pandemics:
1918 Spanish Flu

: Spread of American influence on other cultures
Good or Bad? By: Jared Zoneraich, Erik Wu, and Sol Lim Impact on Globalization Communication Business
Money Spread of
Ideas Spread of Knowledge Spread of Culture Email Transnational Corporations
Creates common culture --> connection amongst different populations

Globalization of Languages:
Allows easy communication between populations
Major Global Languages:

Creates shared belief, tradition, values, etc. Key Variables to Language Globalization:
Movement of people
Number of languages
Foreign language learning and tourism Cultural Globalization: “involves the movement of ideas, information, images and people.” One of deadliest natural disasters in human history
~500 million people infected = 1/3 world population
More than 25% of U.S. population infected
~20-50 million overall casualties Bad? Good? Wide spread of western influence --> generates more sameness --> lack of individuality in cultures
Small cultures overwhelmed, susceptible to extinction due to wildfire-like spread of American lifestyles Welcoming of global spread of American values (Americanization) --> expansion of free markets and democracy across globe Capitalism: Today's Most Prominent Economic System Capitalism: Intertwined Markets Capitalism: Faster and Increased Trade Capitalism: Tourism Markets Trade Tourism unites countries
through trade and tourism
more democratic
relative to systems such as feudalism
each class plays an important role every class plays a part (consumers and creators)
markets expand across borders
UNIFIES COUNTRIES not limited to domestically produced goods
able to communicate/send goods across the world more quickly and with greater ease
1800s: 2 months to cross Atlantic
today: 5 hours by plane, < 1 week by ship

increase dependence on other countries (e.g., US and China)
products include parts from around the globe whole industry surrounded upon globalization

major part of the economy of countries such as:
Bermuda, Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Aruba, Greece, Egypt, etc. Capitalism promotes tourism US and China $1.3 Trillion owed to China by the US (Jan 2013) $37 Billion worth of imports from China to the US
in January of 2013 1912 2010 Background Information Both started in Europe
Eventually involved countries from around the world
Resulted in the formation of a global peace keeping agency World War 1 and 2 Capitalism and Socialism Conflicts Aftermath of World War II
Tension between Socialism and Capitalism
Capitalism emerged victorious after the fall of the Soviet Union Cold War
Cuban Missile Crisis
Space Race
Vietnam War
Korean War Notable Conflicts League of Nations United Nations Demilitarization Effects on Globalization Conclusion Although there was progress towards globalization before the modern era, globalization, in the form it is today, is a recent development... What is Globalization? Characterized by:

Global Political Institutions
International Trade
Cultural Dissemination
Advancement in Communications Presence of Militaries in a Global Era Process of reducing the amount of military arms and personnel in an area or region Effects: Less armed Conflicts
More Economic Activity
Heavier Reliance on Mercenaries or PMCs Work Cited Reasons Occurs after any war
Versailles Treaty in World War I
Has happened more so after cold war Statistics Armed based Conflict is down 40% from 1992
Insurgent Groups are a greater cause of civilian death than national governments
Wars now kill 90% less people than one in the 1950's Wars are becoming less destructive as technology improves Less Armed Conflicts occur now than before Countries, in general are spending less for military purposes Due to peacekeeping organizations, diplomacy is more prevalent Countries Affected By Terrorism Sub-Topics to be discussed:

"Dark Side" Capitalism vs Socialism According to the Stanford Encyclopedia...

Involves wide range of trends:


Point at which humanity is at the threshold of becoming a single unified community, where social conflicts subsided.

A smaller "world":

"...globalization refers to the fundamental changes in the spatial and temporal contours of social existence...as time necessary to connect distinct geographical locations is reduced, distance or space undergoes compression or annihilation." United Nations League of Nations Two Major Global Peace Institutions: Capitalism Socialism Two Major Political Systems: Created After WWI
Tried to prevent another "War to end all wars."
Similar structure as the UN Created After WWII
Replaced the League of Nations
Strengthened Humanitarian Aid and Economic Programs
UNESCO Reasons the League of Nations Didn't Work Never approved by the United States
Countries refused to participate
Failed to stop WWII Key:
Dark Blue - Members
Light Blue - Colonies of Members
Orange - Mandates
Gray - Non members Key
Light Blue - 1945
Turquoise - 1946–1959
Green - 1960–1989
Dark Green - 1990–Now
Yellow - Observer States Impact on Globalization First Attempts on a global scale to reduce armed conflict
Common Center for Diplomacy
Economic Benefits and Humanitarian Aid Provided by being a member
Introduction to Other Countries and policies
Global Collaborative Initiatives
Eliminate Small Pox Scene after Haiti Earthquake Formally created in Europe from the 16 to 18 centuries
Free Enterprise System
Wealth is distributed by ability and merit
Production and Distribution are privately owned
Natural for Humans th th Created by Marx and Engels in the mid 1800's
Took hold in USSR first, then spread
Wealth is equally distributed
Government regulation in Industry
A result of planning and equality Problems Capitalism Socialism Employers vs Employees
Long Hours
Low Pay
Child Labor
Outsourcing Quantity over Quality
Leadership in Socialist Countries
Focus on Military in many countries
Lack of focus on the economic system
North Korea Most developed countries today have a capitalist system with socialist characteristics In the United States:
Postal Service
Social Security
Unemployment benefits All are socialist ideas

Share this: http://bostonoccupier.com/infographic-the-absurd-contradictions-of-capitalism/ Global Implications Capitalism Promotes Globalization
Expansion to markets elsewhere
Cheaper labor
Fall of USSR in 1991 left Capitalism as the dominant economic system
Trade between East and West
Fosters Connections between countries Final Thoughts Global Institutions help foster cooperation amongst countries and limit conflict Capitalism encourages trade on a international level Dependence and cooperation today, surpassing any kind before, demonstrates the beginning of globalization The emergence of a single political system has helped limit isolation Rise of Terrorist Organizations
Increase in Global Pandemics
Loss of Cultural Identity All of these are hallmarks indicating that globalization is a new phenomenon! Thanks for watching! (Treasury.gov, 2013) (Census.gov, 2013) (Hofstra.edu, 2013) (RoyalSocietyPublishing.org, 2013) (UN World Tourism Organization, 2013) (Green, 2012) (Green, 2012) (Internet World Stats, 2012) (TelephonyMuseum.com, 2013) (Robert, 2011) (Internet World Stats, 2012) (About.com, 2013) (VietnamTravel.org, 2013) (UN.org, 2013) (PBS.org, 2001) (Library of Economics and Liberty, 2008) (Library of Economics and Liberty, 2008) (Harris, 2013) (Cohen, 2011) (IndiaToday.com, 2001) (IndiaToday.com, 2001) "1918 Influenza Epidemic: Records at the Pennsylvania State Archives." Research Topics. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2013. <http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/research_topics/3162/1918_influenza_epidemic/1071634>.
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