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world after Rome

world after rome

Kevin Costanzo

on 5 May 2010

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Transcript of world after Rome

World After Rome The Byzantine Empire Constantinople Constantine created and ruled constantinople at the start of the Byzantine Empire Constantinople was a safe haven for Greco-Roman culture and was located in a prime location Constantinople kept trade flow high making it a successful and prized capital of the Byzantine empire Justinian Justinan created one of the most acclaimed churches of his time
entitiled the Hagia Sophia Justinian wrote Justinian's Code creating order throughout the empire.
Justinian reconquered the west, making him widely studied and famous character throughout the worl.
Eastern Orthodox The Eastern orthodox was the prominant sect of
christianity in the Byzantine Empire The Eastern orthodox church preserved greek language and contained greek art such as mosaics and icons. The patriarch was the leader of the church and he used Constantinople as the seat of his church. Constantinople used the Cyrillic alphabet and put much influence on Rusi Constantinople used the Cyrillic alphabet and put much influence on Russia ISLAM Origins: Muhammad was the messiah for the muslims, and traveled around the Arabian Peninsula spreading Islam. After Muhammad's death in Mecca, Caliphates inhrited his power. Islam: Islam was a monotheistic religion that was practiced in many regions of the middle east. Islam was based off the five pillars of the holy book, the Quran. The Islamic religion was tolerant of other religions such as Judaism and Christianity. Effects of Islam: Islam created a common Arabic language used throughout different sects such as the sunni and shiite. The spread of Islam came to a halt at the Islamic defeat at the battle of Tours. What did Islam do: The Islamic culture created the Arabian alphabet and the numbers that they still use today. Islam supported learning in Universities that taught algebra, medicine and geography. The Dome of the Rock was built as a holy place for the Islamic culture. Western Europe Revival of Dark ages: Charles Martel was the first king to be baptised in the Roman Christian faith. Charlemagne was the frank king who allied himself with the Holy Roman Empire making him a very powerful figure and this made a revival of learning supported by the pope and the monasteries. Caste System The caste system was used in this time. The system went from serfs to vassels, nobles all serving the king. A king controlled a fief providing protection from the vikings, Magyars, Angles/Saxons and other invading tribes, in return for their loyalty Effects of the Crusades The Crusades were issued by Pope Urban II in a conquest to take back Jerusalem from the Muslims The Crusaders attacked Constantinople and destroyed Christians and Jews, as well as Muslims. After the Crusaders took Jerusalem, Saladin restored Muslim rule after only 100 years. When the Crusaders came back to western Europe, after being being defeated at Jerusalem, they brought with them a deadly disease called Black Death. This disease killed 1 out 3 people, taking a heavy toll of Europe's population.
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