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Ku Klux Klan: Use of Fear to Enforce the Rule
Transcript of Ku Klux Klan: Use of Fear to Enforce the Rule
The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was founded in 1866 in Pulaski, Tennessee; by Confederate veterans. The first leader was Nathan Bedford Forest, a Confederate general.
The leader was the "grand wizard," and the rest of the hierarchy was "grand dragons," "grand titans," and "grand cyclopses."
Their goal was "white supremacy."
Although Ku Klux Klan had a large influence throughout the South, the Klan started off with six college students in Tennessee. The group got larger after several meetings, with veterans and former confederate officers that were considered about the growing population of former slaves joining.
In Pulaski, whippings were used first to "discipline" freed slaves, but within months there were bloody clashes between Klansmen and blacks, which spread with the Klan.
Lynchings were common.
The KKK did not want Republican policies in the South. In Kansas, over 2,000 murders were committed in connection with the Republican election.
The KKK was part of all social classes, so the government turned a blind eye to these actions.
The KKK was brought back in Georgia in 1915. Their symbol was a burning cross.
In the 1920's, around 4 million people had joined the KKK.
The organization calmed down during the Great Depression, and it even temporarily disbanded in 1944.
However, it came back again during the 1960's when the Civil Rights movement hit the South. It then faded to a few hundred members by the 1990's.
The atrocities in the South led to executive action, when the Ku Klux Klan Act was passed in 1871 by President Ulysses S. Grant. It designated several actions, such as preventing people from holding office or serving on a jury by reason of race, as illegal.
Ku Klux Klan: History and Use of Fear
Misa Ito and Gracie Poehlman
The name of the organization was supposedly derived from kyklos, Greek for circle.
The distinctive white uniform of the KKK was created when the original six members terrorized Pulaski wearing bedsheets.
The KKK was NOT the only organization of this sort out there. Other organizations included:
The Knights of the White Camellia
The White Brotherhood
All pictures are from Wikipedia, and are usable for non-commercial use with modification.
Lyndon B. Johnson later denounced the KKK.