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rarer dementias in younger people
Transcript of rarer dementias in younger people
Types of dementia that
affect the frontal and / or
temporal lobes Familial Fronto- temporal dementia
Research has indicated that there may be a problem with some of the genes on chromosomes 3 and 17.
Fronto-temporal dementia relates to a number of different dementias that include Pick’s disease, semantic dementia and primary progressive aphasia.
Disease PICKS Identified by a doctor, called Arnold Pick.
Abrupt mood changes
Lack of warmth, concern, or empathy
Indifference to events or to one's environment
Easily distracted; difficulty maintaining a line of thought
Unaware of the changes in behavior
Decreased interest in activities of daily living
problems using or understanding the meaning of words. semantic
dementia Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) Other rare dementias Another group of illness that is thought to be caused by a PRION
A prion is an infectious item made only of protein.
Progresses very rapidly
define: changes in your personality, including depression and loss of interest
problems with vision and hallucinations
poor balance and jerkiness.
symptoms Sporadic CJD is a naturally occurring condition that affects around one in a million people each year. It's found all over the world.
It is still the most common form of CJD. Sporadic nvCJD iatrogenic CJD Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA)
Progressive supranuclear palsy
Sometimes known as Steele-Richardson-Osliewski syndrome.
It affects the brain stem and adjacent areas, and some of its early symptoms resemble those of Parkinson's disease.
One striking symptom is paralysis affecting eye movements and problems with vision. Although there are likely to be problems with more complex and abstract thought, the person will remain aware of what is going on around them.
Because a prion is infectious this means it can be spread in different ways. It has been suggested that it could be passed through infected meat.
incubation following accidental infection during medical procedures Rare dementias -
Familial Inherited CJD is caused by a faulty gene, and is passed down from parents to their children. It's very rare; there are only a few deaths from it in the UK every year.