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War in the air WWII
Charleigh Eccleson 23 May 2013
Transcript of War in the air WWII
Challenge: Can you...
Give a description of methods of air warfare?
Explain why different methods of air warfare were used?
Analyse the role of air warfare in both wars? The Air war in WWI! Recap the timeline; how do you predict WWII will be different from WWI?
What are the key changes you would expect to see?
Do you think the tactics will be any different? First Zeppelin aircraft built in 1899- in commercial use by 1909 Zeppelins were used by the German Army and Navy; mainly for reconnaissance 1914-1918 1903 saw the first powered flight by an aircraft. This saw the start of aviation as we know it. 1911 saw the first use of winged aircraft as military planes in Libya for bombing and recon. 1912 the boys at Vickers (look it up!) first experimented with attaching guns to aircraft. 1915 saw the first Zeppelin bombing raids on Britain. These were mainly over London and other large cities. From 1914 planes were used over the trenches in Bombing raids and for reconnaissance. October 1914 French pilot Louis Quenault fired a machine gun from his plane and plane to plane combat was born!! Pilots started by using hand held weapons and engaging each other in the air! The years 1915-18 saw the emergence of dogfights and flying aces fighting in the air 1918 saw plane technology continue to develop while the Zeppelin fell out of favour and ceased to be used by the military What was the air war all about in WWII? Use the sources provided to work out what the aims of the war in the air was for each side early in the War.
Which side was more defensive and why?
What does this suggest about the impact of the war in the air? The Battle of Britain Read through the sources below and explain the key features and consequences of the Battle of Britain. What do you think the aim was for Germany? What about for Britain? Remember to pick out: Target of raid- Impact or outcome- aims it demonstrates SOURCE A: An Historian talking about the third phase of the battle of Britain: The Luftwaffe began to implement the new tactics on 7 September, when they launched a massive raid on the London docks . The RAF badly misjudged the situation and thought the attack was still aimed at RAF bases. Superficially, the German change of tactics seemed to be working, but during this phase the RAF bases were able to recover from previous damage and remain operational in the vital area of south-east England. It was at this point that Hitler had to make the crucial decision about whether an invasion should go ahead. SOURCE B: Details of an airfield's response to a raid We would get warning early on from the Radar system that Germans were approaching the coast. Then though you had to rely on scouts. It was tense in the first phase of the Battle of Britain as you had to wait and see if it was your airfield they wanted to attack or that was needed to defend.
We would be scrambled to our planes and have to drop everything. We used fighters to try and destroy enemy bombers. In that phase the targets were military and mostly RAF bases. People said it was because Hitler wanted to gain superiority in the air ready for an invasion! Not on our watch was the way we saw it. SOURCE C: A summary of the aims of the leaders in the Battle of Britain: Basically the early air war of WW2 was aimed at making Britain seek 'terms' with Hitler. He wanted to force the country into surrender by destroying its military bases. The Germans had control of France and were only stopped by the English Channel and our defence systems like Radar and the fighters.
Meanwhile, Britain was put on the defensive. At first defending its airbases, then other military targets. In the final phase of the Battle of Britain civilian targets began to be used! what was the BLITZ? The image below is an image of a street after a bombing raid in the Blitz; what can you learn from it about the Blitz What actually happened in the Blitz? Watch these clips and make a spider diagram of what happened during the Blitz... What changed after D-Day? How important were planes in WWI? Read the source and use your own knowledge to work out how significant planes and air warfare was in WWI.
What do you think the most important role was for aircraft in WWI?
Do you agree that the aim of airwarfare in WWI was...? Further research! You now need to do further research into the role of air warfare in WWI. Your research must include the following:
1. British aims
2. German aims
3. Role of planes in reconnaissance
4. Role of planes in the Western Front
5. Role of planes for bombing civilians ‘The War in the Air in both World Wars had the same main aim: to destroy the morale of the civilian populations’.
1. Do you think this is the case in WWI?
2. What have you learned about the air war in WWI?
3. What do you still need to find out to support you? England.