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Interactions Between Humans and the Environment
Transcript of Interactions Between Humans and the Environment
Religion and government systems all reflect the various adaptions that the groups of people have made to the climate and geography they live in.
Northern Mesopotamia is made up of hills and plains.
The land is quite fertile due to seasonal rains, and the rivers and streams flowing from the mountains.
Early settlers farmed the land and used timber, metals, and stone from the mountains nearby. Southern Mesopotamia is made up of marshy areas and wide, flat, barren planes.
Early settlers had to irrigate the land in order for their crops to grow.
Since they did not have many natural resources, contact with neighboring lands was important. China The ancient Chinese adapted to their environment by fishing and farming for food and by irrigating the land to help their crops grow.
The ancient Chinese forever modified the environment by building the Great Wall.
After the Great Wall's construction, the Chinese suffered massive floods of their rivers up until modern times. India The people of the Indus River Valley used their river effectively, building their cities on raised areas to minimize the impact of flooding on the people.
The people of ancient India lived in a land of extremes.
Occasional extremes of weather such as drought and monsoons were part of this land. Many rivers also flowed through ancient India making the land fertile.
The Indus River linked it's civilization to the sea.
Trade developed between the Indus River civilization and outside cultures. It was on the banks of the Indus river that the earliest civilization in India to use writing, build large buildings and organize cities flourished for nearly one thousand years. The main cities, Harappa and Mohenjo Daro, had sophisticated urban planning and were built on immense mounds of earth and rubble as protection against floods. The Five Main Features of Indian Environment
India is hot and humid, breeding many diseases.
The Himalya and Hindu Kush Mountains cut India off from the rest of Asia.
India is a huge subcontinent cut into very distinct regions (mountains, rivers, deserts).
India's position on the Indian Ocean makes it a difficult country to conquer.
India has an abundance of spices, gems, and cotton, attached to trade, new peoples, and ideas to its shores.