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the community Crime Rates
reduced Less Cost than
life in prison POSITION ON THE DEATH PENALTY "What says the law?
You will not kill.
How does it say it?
By killing!" Victor Hugo
author of Les Miserables. BACKGROUND 1ST established death penalty law
Eighteenth Century B.C.
the Code of King Hammaurabi of Babylon LEGAL
EXECUTION Hanging Stoning Firing Squad Electric Chair Gas Chamber Lethal Injection Which countries is the death penalty allowed? Argentina abolished in 1922 2008 abolished the Code of Military Justice Arguments against Death Penalty UNCONSTITUTIONAL Human Rights Violation
Art 3: " Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person."
Art 5: "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment."
Art 6: "Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law." The Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.” DETERRENCE?
no evidence showing that the death penalty deters CRIME "...Research to date of the effect of capital punishment on crime is not informative about whether capital punishment decreases, increases, or has no effect on crime rates. Therefore, the committee recommends that these studies not be used to inform deliberations requiring judgments about the effect of the death penalty on crime rates." (2012) Daniel Nagin, PhD Member of the Committee of Deterrence and the death penal RISKS OF WRONGFUL EXECUTION Out of about 350 wrongful murder convictions since 1900, 23 of them led to executions. “Given my experience, the criminal justice system makes mistakes and the possibility of executing innocent people is both inherently wrong and morally reprehensible” San Francisco District Attorney and former police chief COST According to the Death Penalty Information Center:
"The Death Penalty in the U.S. is an enormously expensive and wasteful program with no clear benefits. All of the studies on the cost of capital punishment conclude it is much more expensive than a system with life sentences as the maximum penalty."
THE VERDICT “Death Penalty is the most premeditated of murders.”
Albert Camus (French philosopher) References deathpenalty.procon.org May, 15. Amnesty International. Death Penalty. May, 15. www.amnesty.org