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Pastoral farming in Argentina

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by manan chavda on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Pastoral farming in Argentina

Pastoral farming in Argentina PASTORAL FARMING Pastoral farming ,as a commercial activity ,is very important in Argentina and is one of the largest in the world.Pastoral farming includes commercially rearing livestock like cattle,sheep and goats for meat,milk,wool,hides and various other products. image Areas of Pasroral Farming in Argentina Both beef and dairy cattle are raised in Argentina.Beef cattle are raised in vast temperate grasslands-the Pampas-which is one of the finest grazing grounds in the world.Dairy cattle are also raised in the rich grasslands of Pampas,particularly in the region around Buenos Airs.Sheep rearing is practised in the cool,dry regions of the foothills of the Andes and the Pantagonian plateau,where the pastures and poorer,with short,coarse grasses. - Geographical conditions suitable for pastoral farming Pampas are treeless grasslands and have fertile soils.Throughout the region the land is sown alfalfa,the main fodder crop of cattle.Alfalfais more luxuriant and nutritious than other grasses.Alfalfa grows in pampas as temperature here is moderate and rainfall occurs almost throughout the year,with most of during summer.Animals can graze all the year round because of mild climate. Estancias In Argentine Pampas,cattle are reared on large farms which are spread over extensive areas,often more than 10,000 hectares.This farms are called estancias.Smaller farms are called charcas.The boundaries of the estancias is sub-divided into several paddocks.It also has a smaller yard called corral,where cattle are sorted and branded. THE GAUCHOS The main workers on an estancia are the cowboys ,known as gauchos.their duty is to herd cattle all the year round.they are excellent horsemen.They move about an horseback,looking after and driving the cattle in the pastures.They mostly wear leather jackets,pants,long boots and broad-brimmed hats called sombreros.For rounding up cattle they use lassos.A lasso is is a long rope with a noose which is thrown around the horns or necklace of cattle. PRODUCTS OF PASTORAL FARMING In estancia the work is done very systematically and scientifically.Great care is taken to rear high quality beef cattle.They are fattened and taken by trains to the slaughter houses or frigorificos in the cities.Here the cattle are killled and the beef is frozen to be sold in the urban markets or expoted through the ports.The bones,hides and fat of cattle are used to make glue,leather etc. TRADE The pampas has a ver good networks of roads or railways.This has helped in the development of the pastoral industry.Buenos Aires is a focalm point.Most of beef cattle are brought here.Rosario,Bahia Blanca and cordoba are the other important meat-packing and expoting centres.At present,Argentina is the leading producer and exporter of beef and meat products in the world.The pastoral industry has brought lot of economic prosperityto the pampas region of Argentina. THANK YOU
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