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The Importance of ICT in the Early Years Classroom

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by Kaitlyn Willett on 7 August 2013

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Transcript of The Importance of ICT in the Early Years Classroom

Why use ICT's in the Early Years?
ICT's Improve the Quality of Learning as most young children have
Prior knowledge
with ICT's
Most student's have Prior knowledge or are familiar with using ICT's from their everyday life experiences
Incorporating ICT's involves more hands-on activities and gives the students the opportunity to interact and
participate
within the learning
Involving ICT's in the classroom increases communication between home and school which encourages children to
persist
with their learning......
WHY?
Why use ICT's?

PRIOR
PARTICIPATE
PERSIST

PRIOR
There are so many ICT resources readily available to children
Ipads
Computers
Digital Cameras
Video Games
Ipods
DVD players
CD players
Radio
Email/Internet
Plus many more!!
Prior Knowledge...
Technology is changing and growing rapidly each and every day.
Children are becoming more and more familiar with ICT resources and enjoy engaging with ICT's.
Using ICT's in the classroom will assist in not only learning but teaching as well!
PARTICIPATE
PERSIST
OPTIONAL:
Please watch this short 3 minute video about the history of technology in education to assist in explaining why and how children have become so familiar with ICT's.
WHAT?
Let's introduce you to an ICT rich Prep Classroom...
ICT in Prep classroom A
'Prep classroom A' has recently introduced ICT in the classroom to assist in learning and teaching. The new technological resources have assisted the learning in the classroom in many ways. Only a few of the positive experiences through ICT are shared...
WHY?
Why use ICT's in the Early Years?
The Australian Curriculum
DID YOU KNOW... The Australian Curriculum supports using ICT's in the Classroom? ...

In the Australian Curriculum, "the ICT capability involves students in learning to make the most of the digital technologies available to them, adapting to new ways of doing things as these technologies evolve and limiting the risks to themselves and others in a digital environment" (ACARA, 2013).
The Melbourne Declaration
The Melbourne Declaration on the Educational Goals for Young Australians recognizes that in a digital age, and with rapid continuing changes in the ways people share, use, develop and communicate with ICT, young people need to be highly skilled in it's use (ACARA, 2013).

The ways in which children can learn this is if teacher's involve ICT in their teaching which will assist in children's learning!
Participation through Interactive Whiteboards
Using prior knowledge of ICT's
Participating through internet activities at home
Prep A use interactive whiteboards. These give the children the opportunity to interact with their learning and actually participate in more hands-on activities. In the classroom, one child was having trouble writing the lower case letter 'd'. The student overcame this issue by participating in the interactive whiteboard resource called "Learn 2 Spell"
OPTIONAL:

Please view this short video on just one type of interactive whiteboard available for today's classrooms...
Prep A were given the opportunity to participate in an activity using digital cameras. Parent helpers were assigned to groups of children where they took them around to different places outside to take their photos of toys. The children had to think about camera angles etc.
Some children were already aware of how to use a digital camera and were helping the other children complete the activity, through this the children learnt about teamwork and sharing. The photographs were then captioned and created into a class booklet.
OPTIONAL:
Please watch this short video on using digital cameras in the classroom...
The children in Prep A were assigned to work on internet games and activities as extra homework to improve reading, spelling, mathematical problems etc. One particular resource also was a tool to track how the students individual learning was developing. Parent's were often discussing with the teacher about how much their child's learning had improved through the fun activities.

These kind of homework activities can be a powerful tool for involving parents in what the children are learning and gives teachers an opportunity to hear from the parents about their children's learning progression at home (Walker, Hoover-Dempsey, Whetsel, & Green, 2004).


Hands-on Activities for ICT
Some ICT resources for the classroom are interactive which assist in children engaging in more hands on activities such as:

Interactive Whiteboards!
Computers
INTERACTIVE WHITEBOARDS CAN INVOLVE:
INTERACTIVE LEARNING GAMES
SHORT VIDEOS
LEARNING ACTIVITIES
CAN ASSIST WITH CLASS ROLES, DAILY PLANS AND LEARNING PRESENTATIONS
Interactive Whiteboards
COMPUTERS CAN ASSIST WITH...
DEVELOPING FINE MOTOR SKILLS THROUGH TYPING AND CLICKING
THROUGH RESEARCHING ON THE INTERNET, CHILDREN CAN EXTEND ON THEIR LEARNING INDEPENDENTLY
CHILDREN CAN PRACTICE WHAT THEY HAVE LEARNT THROUGH THE VARIETY OF EDUCATIONAL GAMES ON THE INTERNET
MOST CHILDREN ARE FAMILIAR WITH COMPUTERS AND THEREFORE WILL BE MORE ENGAGED IN LEARNING ACTIVITIES ON THE COMPUTER
Through the use of ICT's in the classroom it is easier for communication between the home and school environment...
Most schools are now placing the school newsletter onto their school website so it is accessible from home
ICT resources also assist as homework for children in some schools, where the parents can view their progress as well. Just one of these programs are called 'reading eggs'.
OPTIONAL:

Please view this short video on 'Reading Eggs' to demonstrate just one of the magnificent ICT resources available to students and teachers which also may be used in the students home for practice...
Some teachers, including yourself may believe that there is no need to include ICT in the classroom to assist in learning and teaching
Teachers use ICT to:
use information from online resources
increase parents access to students work
track progress and record completion and achievement (MCEETYA, 2005).
HOW DO ICT'S TRANSFORM PEDAGOGIES?
THROUGH DIVERSITY...
make connections with learning goals and prior learning
provide culturally diverse perspectives
motivate and support students whose learning is at risk (MCEETYA, 2005)
THROUGH ALIGNMENT...
communicate in ways that cater for the diverse needs to student's and their families
share information, practices and understandings across schools and education systems (MCEETYA, 2005)
THROUGH COLLABORATION...
support and develop collaborative projects
work with students and utilize their expertise to incorporate new technologies to support their learning (MCEETYA, 2005)
By empowering teachers to...
HOWEVER... ICT's in
the classroom can be
VERY beneficial
in many ways...
'Reading Eggs' provides children access to persist with their learning at home as well as school
PREP CLASSROOM A
Current Curriculum: The Australian Curriculum
28 Students (18 boys, 10 girls)
Most student's are quite familiar with the ICT'S available in the classroom
ICT resources available:
- Interactive Whiteboard - Digital Cameras
- Data Projector - Television
- Computers - CD player
ICT in the classroom involves a wide variety of resources which enriches learning and teaching in the classroom! It provides student's with the opportunity to explore, develop, solve, grow and learn through the constant growth of technological change that is positively shaping our world!
Learning is enhanced when teacher's pay close attention to the prior knowledge of the learner and use this knowledge as a starting point for instruction (Vosniadou, 2013).
Interactive Whiteboards encourage greater focus, participation and interaction, and improve student learning outcomes as a result (SMART Technologies Inc., 2006).
Doing activities at home, encourages students to work independently, and to learn how to use outside resources such as reference materials and the internet (Armani, 2013).
REFERENCES:
ACARA. (2013). Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability. Retrieved August 2013, from The Australian Curriculum: http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/GeneralCapabilities/Information-and-Communication-Technology-capability/Introduction/Introduction

Armani, D. (2013). Why kids need homework. Retrieved August 2013, from Confidence Bound: http://www.confidencebound.ca/content/view/20/36/

MCEETYA. (2005). In an online world. Pedagogy Strategy, 1-12.
SMART Technologies Inc. (2006). Connecting to Learn: Student Engagement. Interactive Whiteboards and Learning, 1-14.

Vosniadou, S. (2013). Relating New Information to Prior Knowledge. How Children Learn, 1-32.

Walker, J., Hoover-Dempsey, K., Whetsel, D., & Green, C. (2004). Parental Involvement in Homework: A review of current research and it's implications for teachers, after school care staff and parent leaders. Retrieved August 2013, from Harvard Family Research Project: http://www.hfrp.org/publications-resources/browse-our-publications/parental-involvement-in-homework-a-review-of-current-research-and-its-implications-for-teachers-after-school-program-staff-and-parent-leaders
Youtube Videos:

All four youtube videos are linked to their URL
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