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Successful Monarchs in France
Transcript of Successful Monarchs in France
played nobles against one another
won Church support
efficient bureaucracy (law, taxes, etc) ~1200 Philip II (aka Philip Augustus) takes over shrewd/able ruler
quadrupled land for France (war with John of England) Philip also took over Southern France the Pope informed him of the growing Albigensians heresy Albigensian Hersey divine duality - two mutually opposed principles
one good (spiritual world)
one evil (material world)
man is a living contradiction
liberation of the soul from captivity of the body is true end
suicide is commendable
customary form of endura (starvation)
matrimony is unlawful
abandonment is desirable Philip sent knights to the South
added land to kingdom 1223 - Philip became the most powerful ruler in Europe most admired French ruler: King Louis IX generous
chivalrous Louis IX was deeply religious pursued religious goals
led knights in two wars against Muslims increased royal authority sent out roving officials
expanded royal courts
outlawed private wars
ended serfdom thirty years after his death, he was declared a saint Louis's grandson Philip IV ruthlessly extended power collected taxes from clergy
threatened to arrest clergy
sent troops to seize Pope this leads to clashes with Pope Boniface VIII tried to claim papal supremacy
Philip refused to listen
tried to attack Boniface
Boniface escaped, but was badly beaten after Boniface's death, a Frenchman was elected Pope Clement V moved papal court from Rome to Avignon, France