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Prison Systems of Victorian England

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by Jamie Jones on 22 March 2011

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Transcript of Prison Systems of Victorian England

Victorian Prisons There were two types of prisons in Victorian england ... local prisons and convict prisons. The local prisons were older and were like holding centers for inmates in between their trial and hanging. Convict Prisons were newer and were aiming to correct behavior and rehabilitate inmates. Newgate Prison (as mentioned in "Great Expectations") was a local prison. Starting in the late 1700's, if a prisoner wasn't sent to a convict prison they were sent to Australia to work. Prisoners were sent to Australia because Britian's jails were overcrowded. They were sent to Australia specifically because Australia was big and because it was far away. The last convicts to go to Australia were sent to Australia in january of 1869. The Tread wheel house The Treadwheel was a form of physical labor performed by inmates. Bakery Kitchen The Bakery and Kitchen were there because the convicts would have to work and make food Laundry Hospital/ Infirmary Exercise Yards This is and example of a local prison. Coldbath Fields Prison Coldbath Fields Prison Other local prisons included:
Stafford Prison
Dartmoor prison
Pentonville Prison
and Newgate Prison. Newgate Prison was a very famous local prison in London. The Prison Cells Each Cell was about 13 feet long by 7 feet wide, 9 feet tall and the walls were 18 inches thick. The cell had one window, one light, a metal basin which served as both a sink and a bathroom, a stool, a table, a shelf and a bed with a mattress and blankets.
At most prisons prisoners were not allowed to bring any personal belongings. Rules in Prisons: The Prisoner had to be bathed and searched before being admitted to the prison The Prisoner could not bring anything with them to the prison. In his cell, the prisoner had to be silent. The food that they ate had to be bland in order to deter criminals freom performing another crime after they were released. In the infirmary there had to be a surgeon present. There were no regulations on visitors because most prisoners did no receive visitors. Prisons adopted a policy of keeping prisoners as separate as possible. Jobs for Prisoners: Treadwheel Cooking Cleaning Other forms of hard labor Jobs for others: Wardens Guards Infirmary jobs Govenors of prisons At the top of the workers class system was the govenor, then the warden, then the guards and other workers. The classes of vicrorian England were still evident in prisons and the length of time served. If a lower class person went to jail they would be punished more severely than a person of the higher class. Also if a higher class person went to jail they would be treated much better than a lower class person
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