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Year 13 Psychology - Addiction (7 & 8)

Explanations for Smoking
by Clare Schulze on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of Year 13 Psychology - Addiction (7 & 8)

Explanations for Smoking
Aims;
1. Understand & evaluate explanations for smoking
2. Understand & evaluate explanation for gambling
Linking the explanations

Initiation/Maintenance/Relapse

To smoking addiction
‘The relapse rate for smokers in the first three months after trying to give up is estimated at 70%.’

Discuss reasons why relapse occurs in people with addictive behaviour.
(5 marks + 5 marks)
Is this a 'smoking specific question?....
Characteristics of Gamblers
Problem gamblers are more likely to be male than female 
Problem gamblers usually bet larger amounts on all forms of gambling
Problem gamblers gamble more frequently
Problem gamblers spend more time per gambling session
Problem gamblers are more likely to have been in trouble with the police
Problem gamblers are more likely to say they have been rejected by family members
The Statistics!
Gambling problems usually begin during the teen years in men and between ages 20 and 40 in women.
Sixty-five percent of addictive gamblers commit crimes to support their habit.
The divorce rate for problem gamblers is twice the rate of non-gamblers.
The average debt generated by a man who is addicted to gambling in the U.S. is between $55,000.00 and $90,000.00. Women gamblers average $15,000 in debt.
One in five addictive gamblers attempts suicide; the suicide rate is 20 times higher for this group than for non-gamblers.
Relapse
Maintenance
Initiation
The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that around 101 billion people smoke worldwide.
The WHO also points out that smoking kills around 4 million people every year.
This is due to tobacco being linked with coronary heart disease, lung cancer and disease and high blood pressure.
Typical exam questions specific to an addiction
1.Discuss why no single explanation can solely explain someones addiction to smoking
2.Outline a biological explanation of smoking.
3.Outline a Learning explanation of smoking.
4.Outline a cognitive explanation of smoking.
Task
1. In pairs (pre determined), using the model handout create a SIMPLIFIED smoking or gambling handout.

Resources to use;
* Section in the addictive behaviour part I handout
* Your text & revision books
* The handout form this lesson
Complete the marking task about smoking...
Next lesson
1. You will have time to teach you partner your section and review it with them
2. Your partner will be tested on your area via a timed essay
Admin Stuff
Week 6 assessment
Purple books
Assessment review
See the full transcript