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The Hero's Journey: The Terminology of Myths and Writing

Visual Aid to Hall County's 9th Grade ELA Unit One, The Hero's Journey
by Emily Lott on 12 September 2013

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Transcript of The Hero's Journey: The Terminology of Myths and Writing

The Hero's Journey: The Terminology of Myth and Writing
Mythology
Terminology

Archetype
Literary and Figurative Language Terminology
Mood
Writing Terminology
Miscellaneous
In Medias Res
Myth
Homer
Epithet
A pattern of characteristics in multiple texts
Examples of Archetypes:
Images
Symbols
Colors
Character Types
Setting
Story Pattern
Theme
a traditional story, esp. one concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social happening, and typically involving supernatural beings or events.
technique of relating a story from the midpoint, rather than the beginning
Author of
The Illiad
The Odyssey
The 'greatest' Ancient Greek Poet
a repetitive adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality or characteristic of the person or thing mentioned


Theme
Genre
Canon
The central idea or ideas explored by a work
Good Triumphing Over Evil
Coming of Age
Loss of Innocence
Revenge
Rags to Riches
Faustian Bargain (Deal with Evil)
Love Conquers All
Examples
of Themes
The Odyssey
Written by Homer
Epic Poem
8th Century B.C.
Tells of Odysseus' journey home
Hero
Villains:
The "good guy" or "good girl"
Usually endowed with great strength
Sets out on quest to retrieve knowledge, power, or a gift that he or she can then bestow on his or her fellow man
Typically an obstacle the hero must overcome
FOIL: character whose traits are opposite of the hero's in every way, thus highlighting the hero's traits
Villains are not always evil: REMEMBER- They are the opposite of the hero
Caretaker
One who takes care of a person, property, or goods
In many stories, the caretaker is the guardian of the hero who is often an orphan
Caretaker
Alexander the Great
Blood-Red Sky
Wine-Dark Sea
How the text makes the audience feel
M= "Me"
A category of composition, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter
Examples of Genre
Epic
Tragedy
Comedy
Novel
Short Story
Non-Fiction
Poetry
Drama
A collection of books accepted as genuine/exemplary
Imagery
Words or phrases representing a sensory experience
Metaphor
Comparison of two things without the use of "like" or "as"
Simile
Comparison of two things using the words "like" or "as"
Personification
Giving inanimate objects or abstract concepts living qualities
Hyperbole
An extreme exaggeration for emphasis
Idioms
Word or phrase used to replace a literal meaning
Fred kicked the bucket: Fred Died
Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds, particularly at the beginning of words
Sally sells sea shells...
Juxtaposition
Placing two things close together to create a contrast
Parallel
Foreshadowing
Plot hints provided by the speaker or author to be seen later in the text
Flashback
A scene that interrupts the plot to take the speaker and audience to a previous time
Allusion
Word or phrase that refers to people, places, events, literary work, myths, or works of art outside the text
Allegory
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one
Repetition of the same pattern of words or phrases within a sentence or passage to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance
Tone
How the author or speaker feels about the work
T= AuThor
That boy is a weasel.
My computer is running.
I'm so hungry I could eat a horse!
The smell of steaming blueberry muffins flooded my nose.
Skywalker: Darth Vader
Four Score and Seven Years Ago....
Five score years ago...
The Epic Hero
For each trait provided, compose a paragraph that compares our hero, Odysseus, to the trait.
Answer these questions per trait:
Does Odysseus have this trait?
Why or why not?
Prove your claim by providing evidence from our readings.
1. The Epic Hero is superhuman--braver and stronger than "ordinary people"
2. Character typically possesses the character traits most valued by society
Examples of Character Traits
Determination
Courage
Wit
Wisdom
Physical Strength/Prowess
3. Pursues his or her goals in the face of many challenges or setbacks
4. Has human traits and failings that make him seem like a real person
Examples of Failing Traits
Extreme Curiosity
Foolish
Tricky
Arrogant/Over-Confident
6. Reflects the values and ideas of his own culture
Struggles for values and ideas that are important to the culture
Fights against values and ideas that his culture rejects
5. The hero seeks revenge in the end for injustices and wrongs committed against him, his family, and his society (or her)
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