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OECD DAC Peer review of Italy March 2014

Presentation to OECD DAC on 26 March 2014
by OECD DAC peer reviews on 25 March 2014

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Transcript of OECD DAC Peer review of Italy March 2014

Peer review of Italy: Field visit to Albania
1. Italy's overall engagement
2. ODA delivery
3. Organisation and management
A multifaceted approach implemented over the long-term
Per capita GDP: USD 4909 in 2013

HDI rank: 70/187
7.4% are vulnerable to poverty
1.4% living in extreme poverty
Upper middle-income country
Perspectives from
Albania

Context for Italy's engagement
Donor co-ordination mechanisms
Overall engagement
Aid strategy and allocations
Geographic proximity, historic, economic and cultural ties
500 000 Albanians live in Italy, Italian widely spoken
Italy is Albania's first trading partner
Key FDI shareholder
Summary considerations
Organisation and management
The Ambassador has financial and administrative management authority over the programme. Focal point for Italian actors.
The Country Director is responsible for technical management, is involved in programming and participates in donor co-ordination meetings and working groups.
Aid modalities
Delegation of Authority
EU integration, security in the region, controlling migration flows
Business objectives
Socio-economic objectives
One
Director from DGCS’s central technical unit
One
fellow from the United Nations
Seven
local administrative staff
Four
Italian technical experts
Strong links with Italy
Combined development and EU integration agenda
EU Stabilisation and Association Agreement in 2006
Progress required in : anti-corruption and organised crime, human and property rights, public administration and judicial reform
Vice-Prime Minister
in charge of donor co-ordination
Department of Strategy and Donor Co-ordination
National Strategy for Development and Integration (2007-2013)
Donor Technical Secretariat
EU Fast Track Initiative
of Division of Labour
29 working groups
Italy leads WG on private sector
Roundtables, high level and technical meetings
33 bilateral partners
11 multilateral partners
ODA = 2.4% of GNI
Coherence and
co-ordination
Whole-of-country strategy
Invest in training for returnees migrants
Deepen
economic
co-operation
Multiple Italian actors
Italy adapts to circumstances and opportunities
Programme (EUR 50 million annually) aligned to government priorities
However...
Sectoral fragmentation
Scale-up interventions, exit from non-priority sectors
Project aid is the dominant modality
Debt swap uses national systems, minimises risks
Support to local actors
However...
Lacking predictability and flexibility
Reallocate funds across sectors
Monitor the untying of soft loans
Focus on
results and learning
Human resources
Simplify procedures
Share
experiences
and build institutional learning
Elaborate
a human resource policy for local staff
A historical partner responsive to changing circumstances and close to local actors

Room to simplify programming procedures and increase institutional learning

Ambassador would benefit from a more structured whole-of-country approach helpful in managing trade-offs between competing interests

The programme would gain from sectoral concentration, scaling-up and an explicit exit strategy from non-priority sectors

The way of the future: moving ahead with sector-wide and programme approaches, untying soft loans and building a learning system

Soft loan tied
Institutional
learning missing
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