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Status of African Americans in 1930s
Transcript of Status of African Americans in 1930s
-some desperate white workers ambushed & killed many africans for jobs
-some had signs saying "No jobs for niggers until every white man had a job" or "Niggers back to cotton fields, city jobs are for white men "I gets $16 a week now. Been wukkin here for 12 years an' gets a dollar raise -- only a goddamn dollar. I knows the job. I known it inside an' out. I practically runs the place," says Wolfard Hopkins of Nebraska.
-africans & freed slaves, because of the depression, starved
"It's all hard, slavery & freedom, both bad when you can't eat." -Andrew Boone -african americans had separate restaurants, schools, bathrooms, water fountains, movie theaters, etc. ; they were separated from whites including the town areas
-africans had poorer schools, houses, education, and much more
-many starved because of the lack of jobs(whites took their traditional jobs) "We may have all come on different ships, but we're all on the same boat." -Martin Luther King Jr.
"Racism, in the first place, is a weapon used by the wealthy to increase the profits they bring in by paying black workers less for their work." -Angel Davis
"In stamps, the segregation was so complete that most black children didn't really absolutely know what whites looked like." -Maya Angelou -in the 1930s, african americans had no civil rights and landownership was very limited
-education for african american children were informal and little; formal education for an african american child was practically nonexistent
-if an african american was caught reading, they would be hung or arrested -the typical salary for african americans were 60 cents per day for a 14 hour day
-typical jobs were garbage pickers, maids, and field workers -it was common to have a situation in which a white sheriff would break into a black family home and rape the women and children at gun point
-offensive words were used on black people like "nigger", monkey, jiggaboo, savage, etc.
-blacks were forced to say "yes sir" and "yes ma'am" to small white kids
-40% of the lynchings that happened to blacks were false accusations -a large majority of white men thought blacks needed to learn their place and remain there -there were 3 districts of blacks & whites
-each town was separated between races: the whites on the side of the town with the businesses & more beneficial jobs while the african americans were on the other side of the town where there were poor houses & little to no jobs Gordon Parks -documented pictures he took in D.C & says,"What the camera had to do was expose the evil of racism, the evils of poverty, the discrimination & the bigotry, by showing the people who suffered under it."
-it was his "weapon" against evil An african american is sleeping under the truck because he has no home. Southern Whites -southern whites thought that blacks shouldn't have equal rights Rosa Parks getting arrested for sitting in the front of the bus