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Safeguarding

level 3
by emma rand on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Safeguarding

1. Understand the main legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding children and young people.
2. Understand the importance of working in partnership with other organisations to safeguard children and young people.
3. Understand the importance of ensuring children's and young peoples safety and protection in the work setting.
4. Understand how to respond to evidence or concerns that a child or young person has been abused or harmed.
5.Understand how to respond to evidence or concerns that a child or young person has been bullied.
6.Understand how to work with children and young people to support their safety and well being.
Understand how to safeguard the well being of children and young people.
Understand the main legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding children and young people.
3.1 Explain why it is important to ensure children and young people are protected from harm within ghe work setting.
3.2 Evaluate policies that are in place to protect children and young people and adults who work with them.
3.3 Evaluate the ways in which concerns about poor practrice can be reported whilst ensuring that whistle blowers and those whose practice or behaviour is being questioned are protected.
3.4 Explain how practitioners can take steps to protect themselves within their everyday practice in the work setting and off site visits.
Understand the importance of ensuring children's and young people safety and protection
4.1 Describe the possible signs and symptoms, indicators and behaviours that may cause concern in the context of safeguarding.
4.2 Describe actions to take if a child or young person alleges harm or abuse in line with polices and procedures of your own setting.
4.3 Explain the rights that children and young people and their carers have in situations where harm or abuse is suspected or alleged.
Understand how to respond to evidence or concerns that a child or young person has been abused or harmed.
6.1 Explain how to support children and young peoples self confidence and esteem.
6.2 Analyse the importance of supporting resilience in children and young people.
6.3 Explain why it is important to work with the child or young person to ensure they have strategies to protect themselves and make decisions about safety.
6.4 Explain ways of empowering children and young people to make positive and informed choices that support their well being and safety.
Understand how to work with children and young people to support their safety and well being.
Safeguarding the well being of children and young people.
1.1 Outline the current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures with in your own UK home nation affecting the safeguarding of children and young people.
1.2 Explain child protection within the wider concept of safeguarding children and young people.
1.3 Analyse how national and local guidelines, polices and procedures for safeguarding affect day to day work with children and young people.
1.4 Explain why and why inquires and serious case reviews are required and how the sharing of findings informs practice.
1.5 explain how the processes used by your own work setting or service comply with legislation that covers data protection, information handling and sharing.
1.1 Understand the main legislation, guidelines and policies for safeguarding.
Some of the main legislation related to safeguarding children began with
Children Act 1989
which was updated in
2004 Children Act.
It introduced the idea of
Integrated children services
and the five principles of
Every child Matters
.
The
Local Safeguarding Children boards
were introduced by the Act. These are statutory organisations. These boards ensure that services work together to promote the welfare of children.
The document "
Working together to safeguard children" 2010
outlines the key responsibilities for professionals in protecting children from harm.
Independent safeguarding authority
is involved in safeguarding children and it operates the
vetting and barring scheme
to help prevent unsuitable people from working with children.
CRB
checks are carried out on anyone wishing to work with children and young people.
1.2 Explain child protection in the wider context of safeguarding children and young people.
* road safety and safety on streets
*bullying
*safety using the internet and other technology.
*substance misuse by young people
*guidance for safeguarding disabled children.
All children and young people have the right to grow up in safety; adults have the duty to protect them from being harmed or abused in any way.
The death of
BABY P in 2007
led to a review in 2009 which seriously criticised child protection.
Consistent findings have highlighted a number of lessons to be learnt.
*failure to implement good practice even though established frameworks are available.
* fuilure to share sources of information that could have contributed to a better understanding of children and their families.
* insufficient consideration of the childs individual views and needs; voice of child not always heard.
research other cases of failure of the integrated services
1.4 Explain when and why inquires and serious case reviews are required and how the sharing of the findings inform practice
What are serious case reviews?

The local safeguarding board will conduct a case review if a child dies and abuse or neglect are know or suspected.
*a child sustains a potentially life threatening injury from abuse or neglect.
* A child has been subject to particularly serious sexual abuse.
*the case gives rise to concerns about multi-agency working to protect child.
purpose of review is to;
*establish whether there are lessons to be learnt.
*to identify clearly what these lessons are.
to improve multi-agency working to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.
1.4 Explain when and why inquires and serious case reviews are required and how the sharing of the findings informs practice.
1.3 Analyse how national and local guidelines, polices and procedures for safeguarding affect day to day work with children and young people.
consider the following

* staff responsibilities
*contact with children.
*security and safety
*information
*empowering children and young people.
1.5 Explain how the processes used by your own work setting or service comply with legislation that covers data protection, information handling and sharing.
clear policies on confidentiality and data protection.
* how why and where information should be recorded and stored.
*who can have access to information and how this is monitored.
*obtaining permission to share information or take photographs of children and young people.
*strict policies on confidentiality and the importance of not discussing confidential information outside the work setting.
Data Protection Act. 1998
regulates the recording and storage of personal information, to make sure that settings work is within the law. All documents should be accurate, stored securely in the work setting and only used when needed.
Understand the importance of working in partnership with other organisations to safeguard children and young people.
2.1 Explain the importance of safeguarding children and young people.
2.2 Explain the importance of a child or young person approach.
2.3 Explain what is meant by partnership working in the context of safeguarding.
2.4 Describe the roles and responsibilities of the different organisations that may be involved when a child or young person has been abused or harmed.
2.1 Explain the importance of safeguarding children and young people.
It is a complex process. It relies on effective partnership working.
2.2 Explain the importance of a child or young person centered approach
2.3 Explain what is meant by partner working in the context of safeguarding.
Integrated working working involves everyone who works with children and young people.
*identify needs early.
*deliver co ordinated package of support that is centered on the child.
* help secure better outcomes for children and young people and their families.
2.4 describe the roles and responsibilities of the different organiations involved when a child or young person has been abused or harmed.
* Social Services
*NSPCC
* GP
*Probation
*Police
*School
*Psychology department
*Health Visitor.
*Family support workers.
*Residential care workers.
research these for your assignment.
3.1 Why is it important that children and young people are protected from harm within the work setting.
People working with children need to be trusted. Children left in the care of adults need to be safe. The adult has a
duty of care
to care for the child and keep them safe from harm.
3.2. Explain the policies and procedures that are in place to protect children and young people who work with them.
3.3 Evaluate ways in which concerns about poor practice can be reported whilst ensuring that whistle blowers and those whose practice or behaviour is being questioned are protected
Everyone who works with children and young people has a professional responsibility to report any concerns about colleagues who do not follow the safeguarding procedures. This is known as
Whistle blowing
.


* identify exactly the poor practice you have witnessed.
*Tell your manager, senior member of staff, or safeguarding member of staff.
* If possible put your concerns in writing with details and names, dates and places.
Anyone who whistle blows has a right to legal protection. Managers have a duty to support members of staff who report any incidents of unprofessional conduct or poor practice.
Anyone who is subject to an unproven allegation about abuse has the right to full protection during any investigation.
3.4 Explain how practitioners can take steps to protect themselves within their everyday practice in the work setting and on off site visits.
* Adopt a professional, common sensed approach.
* Ensure you know the safeguarding policies and how the should be applied in and out of the setting and for off site visits.
A colleague asks you to take a child to the toilet which is outside the room, what are you going to do?

A manager asks you to take children one at a time into a separate room to work on their letters and sounds. What are you going to do?
4.1 Describe the possible signs and symptoms and behaviours that may cause concern in the context of safeguarding.
physical - unexplained injuries or burns
Emotional - lack of confidence, withdrawn.
Sexual - disturbed behaviour, including self harm.
Neglect- constant hunger, poor personal hygiene, poor interpersonal skills.
4.2 Responding to evidence or safeguarding issues.
Always make your concerns know to appropriate people.
If a child discloses and incident you must always
*listen carefully.
*do not ask leading questions.
*Accept what the child has said to you.
* Reassure them that they have done the right thing.
*never promise that you will keep what they have said a secret.
*follow the procedure for you work setting .
4.3 The rights of children, young children and their carers.
The voice of the child should always be the heart of every decision involving safeguarding.
Children have the right to :-
* be given accurate information and help to understand it.
*express themselves and be heard.
*participate in any decision made.
*be consulted and kept fully informed of proceedings and decisions about their future.
Understand how to respond to evidence or concerns that a child or young person has been bullied
5.1 Explain different types of bullying and the potential effects on children and young people.

5.2 Outline the policies and the procedures that should be followed in response to concerns or evidence of bullying and explain the reason why they are in place.

5.3 Explain how to support a child or young person or their family when bullying is suspected or alleged.
5.1 different types of bullying.
Physical - pushing, kicking, hitting and other forms of violence.
verbal - name calling, insults, sarcasm, spreading rumors, persistent teasing
Emotional - humiliation excluding, tormenting, ridicule, spreading lies
Cyberbullying - using ICT including mobile phones, the internet and social networking sites, deliberately to upset someone.
Targeted bullying - homophobia, racism, gender, disability.
Can lead to low self esteem, depression, becoming withdrawn and isolated, lack of concentration, poor academic achievement, attempted suicide.
5.2 responding to concerns about bullying
* report bullying to appropriate member of staff.
* in serious cases inform parents and ask them to come and discuss the problem.
*the bullying must be investigated.
*bullies should be encouraged to change their behaviour.
* bullies asked to apologies genuinely and sincerely.
*Children should be reconciled
* It will be monitored to ensure it does not happen again.
5.3 Explain how to support a child or young person and or their family when bullying is suspected.
Victim may feel frightened and upset and find it hard to tell anyone. They need to be reassured that the bullying will not be allowed to continue.
The bully needs support too as they need to learn how to change their behaviour. they too may have difficulties in developing positive relationships.
The family of both victim and bully will need support.They will need information and guidance.
support self confidence and self esteem.
self esteem relates to how positively or negatively and individual feels about himself.

self confidence relates to how an individual projects that feeling through their personality or behaviour.

Resilience is the ability to deal with the ups and downs and the capacity to recover from the set backs.
Why is it important to support resilience
Research has shown that children who have high levels of esteem and self confidence are more resilient and better able to deal with life as they get older.
role of practitioner to develop self confidence, esteem and resilience
support
respond with warmth and patience and interest.
listen with interest
respect their right to their own opinion,
give them opportunities to be proud.
provide consistent boundaries
celebrate every small step to independence
supporting children to protect themselves.
The statistics show that the number of children suffering from abuse is growing. Some children are more at risk than others. For example children with disabilities are more likely to suffer from abuse or neglect than non disabled children.
Every child matters - the key feature is that every child is an individual who needs support from adults to be healthy; stay safe; enjoy and achieve; make a positive contribution; achieve economic well being.
Every child matters aims to have a national framework to support the joining up of services so that the outcomes of ECM can be achieved.
United nations rights of a child; article 13 states that all children should have an opportunity to be heard.
Types of polices and procedures could include:-
*working in an open and transparent way.
*Listening to children.
*All staff CRB checked.
*Physical contact.
*Photographs
Understand the Importance of e-safety for children and young people.
7.1 The risks and possible consequences of being online and using mobile homes.

7.2 Reducing the risk
The risks and possible consequences of being online and of using a mobile phone.
Most children and young people have access to the internet and use of mobile phone. Whilst there are benefits to this, it can expose them to threats to their safety and well being.
eg. cyber bullying, access to unsuitable sites, exposure to commercial sites
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