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LEAP Evaluation and studies -GHANA Nov2013

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by Peter R on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of LEAP Evaluation and studies -GHANA Nov2013

The Studies and the Partners involved
Data set from the Yale-Isser Survey
LEWIE Model (General equilibrium)
What these studies tell us
about LEAP
is reaching
the poorest
families
in Ghana
LEAP
is having impacts on the
well being of the targeted families
and on communities
Education
Health
Basic food needs
Production
Local Economy
Secondary
School
Enrollment
Grade repetition
Missing school
7
% points
-10
% points
-11
% points
Primary
School
Grade repetition
Missing school
-week
-10
% points
-5
% points
Education drop outs and learning
Secondary more than primary schooling
LEAP and Education
NHIS
Overall
Enrollment
Children 6-17
Children 0-5
90
%
16
% points
34
% points
Illness
Likelihood
to be ill -Children 0-5
-5
% points
Catastrophic Health expenditures
LEAP and Health
NHIS enrollment: protecting health
Food
insecurity
Self Perceived
food insecurity
-25
% points
!
No effect on
Consumption

'there is more variation
of food we eat'
LEAP and Basic Food Needs
Consumption and irregular payments
Bulk purchases
Saving &
Credit
Loan
repayment
Saving
23
% points
11
% points
Labor &
Investments
Beneficiaries
families work
9
days more
13
Smaller
families
work

days more
Some of the beneficiaries have started small businesses. They have put up temporary tables where they sell sweets, biscuits, matches etc. Others also fry koshe and kulikuli and they sell them in the market on the road (Female Beneficiary, Tali, Northern Region).
LEAP and Production
Beneficiaries work and produce more
Increase their saving and investments
Local
Economy
For each
1
Local income increases by
GHC transferred
2.5
GHC

Local traders and beneficiaries confirmed that trading activity has increased due to LEAP as it has enabled beneficiaries to buy more in the local shops especially after payment day . There are now more food vendors and petty traders than before, further increasing economic opportunities and preventing increases in price
In Dompoase...
LEAP and Local Economy
The Impact of the transfer on the
local economy exceeds the amount
transferred
Non LEAP families are also benefiting
from the transfer
Several challenges
exist
Irregular
Payment
No impacts on consumption and very low on productive Investment
Out of 10 of the poorest
families in Ghana only 1
is a LEAP beneficiary

Government Staff highly
skilled but more
staff needed
Inadequate
Operational
Capacity
Extremely low
Coverage of
poor families
Weak linkages
to other poverty
reduction
interventions
LEAP is a simple idea
This simple idea is changing
the lives of the poorest families

The full potential of LEAP is yet to be achieved
Unicef
DFID
FAO
ISSER/Yale
University of North Carolina
Government of Ghana
World Bank
University of California
http://tinyurl.com/Ghana-LEAP-Evaluations
Studies' Methodologies
Longitudinal Propensity Score Matching Design -Difference in Difference Approach
In depth Interviews and Focus group discussions
LEAP is a Cash Transfer Program
for the poorest families in Ghana
E.g. Enrollment Increase of 7% points to be attributed to LEAP only
Results of the Impact Evaluation of the Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty (
LEAP
) Programme
Peter Ragno
Social Protection Specialist
UNICEF Ghana
LEAP's Impacts
Limited knowledge of the program by beneficiary families
Absenteeism
-8
% points
http://tinyurl.com/Ghana-LEAP-Evaluations
Download the LEAP studies at
See the full transcript