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A Copa das Copas

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by Christopher Gaffney on 8 June 2014

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Transcript of A Copa das Copas

12 Cities, 12 Stadiums
Protests
Problems with padrão FIFA stadiums
Part of Host City Agreements with FIFA
Contain
mobility projects
which are responsible for the majority of removals in host cities
Lack of planning and oversight
Responsibility?
Responsibility Matrix
12 SECOPAs
(Extraordinary Secretaries)
1 GECOPA
(federal)

No democratic channels
Responsible for planning and execution of responsibility matrix
Will dissolve after WC
Local Organizing Committees
Da pátria de chuteiras à Copa das Copas
Christopher Gaffney

CBF is a private enterprise
CBF members double as LOC functionaries
FIFA finances LOC which is a private enterprise
First time in WC history where president of football association is also president of LOC
No civil society representation
Temporary authorities with extraordinary powers
Organizational Elements
ESTRUTURA ORGANIZACIONAL DA SECOPA

I – NÍVEL DE DIREÇÃO SUPERIOR
1 – Gabinete do Secretário Extraordinário
2 – Gabinete do Secretário Adjunto Executivo
3 – Gabinete do Secretário Adjunto das Ações de Desapropriações
4 – Gabinete do Secretário Adjunto de Projetos Especiais
5 – Gabinete do Secretário Adjunto de Infraestrutura

II – NÍVEL DE APOIO ESTRATÉGICO E ESPECIALIZADO
1 – Unidade Setorial de Controle Interno

III – NÍVEL DE ASSESSORAMENTO SUPERIOR
1 – Gabinete de Direção
2 – Unidade de Assessoria

IV – NÍVEL DE ADMINISTRAÇÃO SISTÊMICA
1 – Superintendência de Gestão
1.1 – Coordenadoria de Gestão de Pessoas
1.2 – Coordenadoria de Logística e Patrimônio
1.3 – Coordenadoria de Aquisições e Contratos
1.4 - Comissões Especiais de Licitações
2 – Superintendência de Tecnologia da Informação
2.1 – Coordenadoria de Tecnologia da Informação
3 – Superintendência de Planejamento, Orçamento e Finanças
3.1 – Coordenadoria de Planejamento, Monitoramento e Avaliação
3.2 – Coordenadoria de Orçamento
3.3 – Coordenadoria Financeira
3.4 – Coordenadoria de Contabilidade

V – NÍVEL DE EXECUÇÃO PROGRAMÁTICA
1 – Superintendência de Projetos Especiais
1.1 – Coordenadoria de Eventos FIFA, Fan Park, Turismo e Acomodações
2 – Superintendência de Mobilização Social, Voluntariado, Suprimentos e Mercadorias
2.1 – Coordenadoria de Mobilização Social, Voluntariado, Suprimentos e Mercadorias
3 – Superintendência de Projetos e Licenciamentos Ambientais
3.1 – Coordenadoria de Orçamentação de Obras
3.2 - Coordenadoria de Avaliação e Análise de Projetos
3.3 – Coordenadoria de Licenciamentos Ambientais
4 – Superintendência de Obras da Arena, COTs e Fan Park
4.1 – Coordenadoria de Obras da Arena, COTs e Fan Park
5 – Superintendência de Obras Viárias e Entorno
5.1 – Coordenadoria de Obras Viárias e Entorno
6 – Superintendência de Segurança, Proteção e Prevenção de Crises
SECOPA Matto Grosso
Privatization = Transfer of wealth
1999
FIFA decides on continental rotation system for World Cups.
2006, Europe
2010, Africa
2014, South America
Rotation system suspended in 2007.
2003
FIFA announces tournament in South America.
2006
Brazil offically announces candidacy
May 2009
12 host cities chosen
Late 2010 - Early 2011
LOCs formed in host cities
2013
6 Stadiums "ready" for Confed Cup
Massive protests throughout Brazil
A brief history of time
2007
Brazil named 2014 host. Bid book handed to Blatter, never seen again.
Five host cities named (Rio, SP, Brasília, Belo H., Porto Alegre)
January 2010
Host cities begin to sign "host city agreements" with FIFA. Responsibility Matrix becomes guiding document for urban planning.
Mid 2010
Demolition of 8 stadiums begin
2010
Popular Committees form in host cities
2014
2012
Lei Geral da Copa signed
Texeira resigns from CBF
2004
CONMEBOL announces Brazil as candidate
2005 - 2007
Reforms to Maracanã for Pan American Games
Visiting Professor
Graduate School of Architecture and Urbanism
Universidade Federal Fluminense

2001
Aldo Rebelo authors CPI: Nike-CBF
Stadium delays + worker deaths + strikes + protests + cost overruns + incomplete projects = launch of government media campaign
http://www.copa2014.gov.br/pt-br/brasilecopa/sobreacopa/matriz-responsabilidades
http://www.portaltransparencia.gov.br/copa2014/saibamais.seam?textoIdTexto=24
Belo Horizonte
Brasilia
Cuiaba
Curitiba
Fortaleza
Manaus
Natal
Porto Alegre
Recife
Rio de Janeiro
Salvador
São Paulo

695,0
1566,0
525,0
234,0
519,0
583,0
417,0
330,0
532,0
1200,0
689,4
820,0
before/after
Public/PPP
Public/PPP
Public/PPP?
Private
Public/PPP
Public/PPP?
Public/PPP
Private
N/A
Public/PPP
Public/PPP
N/A
millions R$
98.5% public investment!
Host city
real costs unknown:
Year R$million
2007 0
2008 0
2009 4411
2010 5316
2011 6384
2012 6778
2013 8621
2014 9338


Tournament Av. price per seat Total cost US$
Korea /Japan 2002 5070 4,626.639,256
Germany 2006 3442 1,985,883,219
South Africa 2010 5299 1,794,379,401
Brazil 2014 6023 3,831,977,800+
Social Movements + Popular Committees (local and national) + labor movements (ruptures)
Black Blocks, P2, Anarchists, right wing elements
Competition between police forces
Human Rights violations
Delicate political moment for everyone
Impacts of World Cup
Fortification of CBF and
cartolismo
(but, Bom Senso F.C.)
Exclusion of general public from WC (no ticket data available) and local football (fewer fans, higher prices, more profit)
Over-investment in FIFA stadiums (.02% of stadiums in Brazil are 40,000+ capacity, 75% have capacities under 15,000)
Militarization of cities, privatization of public space
Transfer of wealth through Lei Geral da Copa
Debt servicing, opportunity costs, white elephants, forced removals, erosion and strengthening of democracy
Destructive destruction?
Anti-urbanism
Exclusion of vendors
Fetishization of security
Resources, articles and data

Hunting White Elephants:
www.geostadia.com
Academia.edu:
https://uff.academia.edu/ChristopherGaffney
UFRJ:
http://web.observatoriodasmetropoles.net/projetomegaeventos/
Comitê Popular Rio:
http://rio.portalpopulardacopa.org.br/ and on facebook

WC Coverage
Fusion Soccer:
http://soccer.fusion.net/
Twitter:
@geostadia
Interviews:
media.geostadia@gmail.com
4 Transparency sites, different numbers
Year Total Public Average Public Total gate receipts (R$) Average ticket price (R$)
2007 6,582,976 17,461 80040848.00 12.2
2008 6,439,854 16,992 101241490.00 15.7
2009 6,766,471 17,807 125764391.00 18.6
2010 5,638,806 14,839 112873893.00 20.0
2011 5,660,987 14,976 117665714.00 20.8
2012 4,928,827 12,970 119100000.00 22.92
2013 5,681,355 14,951 176500000.00 31.06
Stadium cost per seat index, R$x1000
Belo Horizonte 13.4
Brasilia 27.9
Cuiaba 13.9
Curitiba 8.7
Fortaleza 8.9
Manaus 16.5
Natal 10.0
Porto Alegre 6.8
Recife 12.4
Rio de Janeiro 18.3
Salvador 13.2
São Paulo 17.8

Media 14.0

Megas as window of evaluation of Brazil and for Brazilians
Copa das Copas
!!!
Narratives of Brazil reflect our desires and positions
Always more interesting when Brazil loses...(38,50,82,98,10)

Semi-Conclusions
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