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How Art and Architecture Contributed to the Success of the Byzentine Empire

Lexi Decker, Chitra Parikh, Alexa Penna, and Matt Williams
by Lexi Decker on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of How Art and Architecture Contributed to the Success of the Byzentine Empire

After The Fall of Rome, Rome split and the Eastern section became the Byzantine Empire. It integrated the Roman and Greek cultures and virtues to become one of it's own. The Empire's basis, such as religion, laws, and entertainment are still found in lives of those today. Though there are many factors contributing to the success of the Byzantine Empire, it is obvious that the most successful and important reason for this success had to do with art and architecture. The Byzantine Empire First of all, architecture basically caused the Cultural Integration Let's take the Hippodrome first. It was basically a copy of the Colosseum, which was mainly composed of arches. The Byzantines used that design and replicated the main ideas, but changed some other details therefore making it their own.We can also take the Hagia Sophia, which was the orthodox church in the city. Being one of the most amazing architectural buildings of its time, the Hagia Sophia included columns. Columns were the Greek's architectural trademark, and they were also commonly used throughout the buildings and other structures over time. This clearly contributed to the cultural integration between the Greeks and Romans that shaped the Byzantine Empire. Well first of all, art and architecture helped mix the Greek and Roman cultures, in other words, it created the "rubbing." Oh my gosh! That's a genius idea! Do you turn on the t.v. to relax after a long day? Does the big football game help distract you from school and work? Well, don't worry, you're just the average American. So why do we do this? Well, we use the distractions to calm ourselves and keep ourselves in a good mood. Similarly, the people of the Byzantine Empire used the local art and architecture as entertainment to get their minds off of the hardships in their lives. They mainly got this from the Romans who spent their extra time in the Colosseum watching fights. Furthermore, art and architecture created the basis for entertainment, something that still plays a major role in our lives today. Basically, the Hippodrome was an amazing architectural structure built for entertainment purposes. The Hippodrome functioned mainly for chariot races, but other events were held there too. When the government's struggles left them trying to make ends meet, they were really going through a tough time. But have no fear. Are you broke? Who cares! Come on down to the Hippodrome and attend a race. It will temporarily fix absolutely none of your problems. But hey, if it helps you function, then go have a blast. Because thanks to the amazing architecture, you have something to do instead of cry for all of eternity. So what does art and architecture have to do with this? When whole parts of Constantinople were left in fire blackened ruins after the Nika riot, Justinian declared a rebuilding program. When it was over, the buildings had there own identity and were entirely Byzantine. In addition, they used brick and mortar material for the houses, so it was simple yet sturdy. This way the people of the Byzantine empire didn't have to worry about there house falling down. In this way, art and architecture created a steady lifestyle. Simplifying Life Hagia Sophia The Hippodrome How houses were in Constantinople Think back, what would our world be today without the invention of the elevator? All in all, it would not be nearly as advanced as it is today. If skyscrapers weren't built, how would a city be? Well when we go back to the Byzantine times, they had architectural improvements also. In the end, the empire was advanced due to changes in the building structure and the overall landscape of the prestigious city. By: Chitra Parikh, Lexi Decker, Alexa Penna, and Matt Williams How Art and Architecture Effected The
Success in the Byzantine Empire An overview of Byzantine Architecture
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