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Adolph Hitler & his Inner-Circle

Sheng Xiong and Lucas Gajewski American History Seminar Mr. Aleckson
by Lucas Gajewski on 3 June 2011

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Transcript of Adolph Hitler & his Inner-Circle

Hitler's Henchmen:
fanatical
ruthless Heinrich Himmler: •Born October 7, 1900
•He was intended to become a farmer
•Served in WWI
•Second most powerful man in Nazi Germany Adolph Hitler & His Inner-Circle

Sheng Xiong & Lucas Gajewski

Who was in Hitler's Cabinet and why were they so loyal to him? Who were the elites? Paul Joseph Goebbels: Minister of Propaganda and Public Enlightment
Hermann Goring: Reich Marshall and Minister of Aviation, also Hitler's chosen succesor
Heinrich Himmler: Head of the entire Nazi police force
Rudolf Hess: Council for the Defense of the Reich Why did he join with Hitler? Joseph Goebbels •Born October 29, 1879
•Attended a Catholic school
•Heard Hitler’s speech at a University
•After he joined the Nazi’s, his parents cut contact with him Why did he join Hitler? •His dream was to become a writer but his writings were unsuccessful
•Hitler’s speech of a better German Empire inspired him
•He was able to persuade others of Hitler’s words What were his views on the Jews? How was his life as an elite? How much loyalty did Goebbels have towards Hitler? “The hour will come in which all peoples of the earth will awake, and the Jews will be the victims… We have recognized the Jews as a national and international danger… We think it our primary duty to do everything in our power to make it happen.” • Possessed a hatred and boredom for human beings
• Only got along with Hitler In 1926, Hitler gave a speech which Goebbels despised. He later wrote in his diary:

“I no longer have complete faith in Hitler.”

However, after Hitler’s successes, Goebbels renewed his loyalty for Hitler.

“As long as he [the Fuehrer] lives and is among us in good health, as long as he can give us the strength of his spirit and the power of his manliness, no evil can touch us.”

He committed suicide shortly after Hitler had. Hermann Goring • Born January 12, 1893
• Had a rough childhood due to lack of parental supervision
• Pilot during WWI What was his reason for joining Hitler? “I joined the party because it was revolutionary.”

•Found Hitler to be a great leader and national hero How loyal was Goering? “I wanted to help destroy the Republic and to be, perhaps, the ruler of the new Reich”

Had motives for getting all power What consequences did Goring face? •On April 22, 1945 Hitler told one of his members he was going to commit suicide and was going to make Goering leader. However, Hitler did not go through with it and heard of Goering’s attempt to take power. Goering was later banished from the Party. •Obsessed with racial purity
•Believed Hitler was going to save the German race

“We have - I would say, as very consistent National Socialists - taken the question of blood as our starting point. We were the first really to solve the problem of blood by action, and in this connection, by problem of blood, we of course do not mean anti-Semitism. Anti-Semitism is exactly the same a delousing. Getting rid of lice is not a question of ideology. It is matter of cleanliness.” How loyal was Himmler? Heinrich Himmler stuck with Hitler until he realized they were losing the war. He tried to negotiate with the Allies. When Hitler heard of this, he took away all the power of Himmler. What happened to Himmler in the end? Under a false identity, Allies found him. He committed suicide by biting into a cyanide capsule on May 23, 1945. Rudolf Hess •Born 1893 in Egypt
•Participated in WWI Why did he join Hitler? Already a member of the Nazi Party and participated in the Beer Hall Putsch
He blamed the same groups Hitler did for WWI How loyal was he? “I am happy to know that I have done my duty to my people, my duty as a German, as a National Socialist, as a loyal follower of my Fuhrer. I do not regret anything.” How did his life end? Hess is known to be the last Nazi (of the elite). On May 10, 1941 he tried to get Scotland’s help in persuading Britain to surrender. However, he was caught and arrested. He died in Spandau Prison (being the only prisoner there) at the age of 93 on August 17, 1987. Who are Other Members? Rodolf Hoess: SS commander at Auschwitz
Joseph Mengele: Chief physician at Aushwitz (selector of death)
Albert Speer: Minister of armanents Why did Hitler's inner circle stay loyal to him for so long? Fritz Darges, the official last Nazi of Hitler's inner cirle, was convinced Hitler was warm-hearted at first. One day while looking over plans for invasion, a fly was buzzing around Hitler. Hitler told Darges to kill it, however Darges wanted someone with less power than him to do it. This angered Hitler and he sent Darges to the front almost killing him. Hitler's punishment went out to anyone who didn't please him, even those who are most loyal to him. Was Hitler's punishment for disloyalty fair? "We all dreamed of a greater German empire... That is why I served him and would do it all again now." - Fritz Darges Bibliograpy

Primary Sources

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/6461171/Memoirs-of-Hitler-aide-could-finally-end-Holocaust-claims.html?sms_ss=delicious&at_xt=4de82f0629ccab17%2C0\

http://www.nytimes.com/1987/08/18/obituaries/rudolf-hess-is-dead-in-berlin-last-of-the-hitler-inner-circle.html

Secondary Sources

http://www.deathcamps.info/testimonies/

http://americamagazine.org/blog/entry.cfm?blog_id=2&entry_id=4187

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1357847/Picture-Heinrich-Himmler-taken-moments-suicide-sale.html

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/himmler_heinrich.shtml

http://www.nazis.dk/

http://nobeliefs.com/henchmen.htm

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007271

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_H._Jackson

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuremberg_Trials

Kjelle, Marylou Morano. Hitler and His Henchmen. Farmington Hills: Thompson Gale, 2005. Print. What were Hitler's Henchmen like? "We put Hitler's henchmen on trial not because we cared about them but because we cared about what they scorned. A war criminal is one who has committed grotesque crimes against humanity. Those crimes need to be punished in such a way that they are made less likely in the future...sometimes death is not enough."
- the Archbishop of Canterburry How did people learn
about what these men were doing for Hitler?
How were they Justified? Trial of the Major War Criminals
from the Nuremberg Trials

Hermann Göring
- On persecution of the Jews

Otto Ohlendorf
- On Einsatzgruppe D

Rudolf Hoess
- On the gassing at Auschwitz How did/do others
feel about their punishment.
Were they Justified? What was America's Role
in deciding the fate of these
many henchmen? Francis Biddle
- Former Attorney General

Justice Robert Jackson
- Assoc. Justice
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