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Title! Something

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by Courtney Irons on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of Title! Something

The Physical Embodiment of Nazism
Background
The Nazi Salute was first adopted by the party in the 1920's
A decree was issued in 1933 that mandated the use of the salute in all official state business. This was then extended to include all public encounters.
The goose-step marching style was originally seen in the Prussian army, but was adopted by the Nazis and expanded heavily during the first few years of Nazi rule.
Research Question:
1. Enforcing Nazi Ideology
Evidence
2. A Method of Enforcing Conformity
Evidence
3. Militarism
Evidence
"The Struggle of the Streets"
Continued as parades during Nazi Rule
Emphasis on personal sacrifice as the means of victory
4. Crafting the Ideal Body
Evidence
Law prohibiting Jews from doing the Nazi salute.
Gymnastics programs
Not unique to Nazism
So What?
These and other Nazi movements were well received by the German public. The salute, in particular, was widely adopted and was branded as "The German Greeting" by the Nazis
Why was the German public so keen to adopt these physical embodiments of Nazism?
Marcel Mauss's "Techniques of the Body"
We imitate those that we admire or that hold authority over us.
The way we move our bodies is influenced by society.
Judith Okley's Boarding School
Authority figures were very concerned with body language and the message it sent to other people
Attempted to control the way the girls moved in order to promote their own values.
Further studies theorize that these sorts of movements can heavily influence thought because they take place in a public setting and seek to unify the people involved.
Religious symbolism of the Nazi Salute
Law prohibiting animals from doing the salute
Experiences of the English soccer team
Acted as a way of limiting choices
Terror state argument: way of judging people's loyalty
Public statement of beliefs
Too afraid not to adopt the movements
Evidence
Law requiring the use of the salute
Pastor Paul Schneider
Publicly refused to do the salute
Sent to a concentration camp where he was brutally murdered.
Shirker's Alley
The demilitarization requirements of the Treaty of Versailles made militarization associated with liberation
Nazi movements were extremely militarized
Replaced greetings with a salute
March associated with strong Prussian army
Nazism was thus also associated with liberation
Nazi beliefs about race went beyond genetics
The pursuit of high athleticism was not for personal gain, but rather for the benefit of the state.
Many sports organizations were already politicized, so the connections to Nazism were relatively easy to make.
Political Implications
Social Implications
2.
Doesn't apply to full embodiment
Could be used to excuse behavior
3.
Embodiment goes beyond military power
More Ideological
4.
Doesn't explain what it did for the people
1.
Unifying
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