Judaism What is Judaism? Judasim originated when an agreement was established between God and Abraham in 1812 BC (over 3800 years ago!), during the Bronze age in the Middle east, Palestine. Who's Moses? Moses is known as Jew's leader, who freed them from slaverly. He protected the Jews from the rage of God and negotiated with Him on the Jews behalf. Who's Abraham? Symbols Magen David:
- Shield of David
- The star of David.
- Ancient Symbol Menorah:
- One of the oldest symbols for Jews
- It is a Candelabrum (7 and 9 candle holders is the most common).
- The 7 is desplayed in Synagouges.
- hunikiah or chanukia refers to the 9. (used in Hannukkah)
- Symbolizes the burning bush which was seen by Moses on Mt. Sinai Candle sticks:
- Fire illustrated warmth and is inviting kabbalah:
- Fire illustrates the relationship with God and humans Chai:
- Value of 18
- word means 'life'
- Has deep meaning Items/Clothing Kippah (skull cap) - remindes them that they are always duty bound to follow the law of God at all times. Tallit (prayer shawl) - before worship or praying a devouted Jew will wear this. The fringes remind them of the many commandments on the Thorah Tafilin (small leather box with long leather straps) - worn on left forearm and on forehead. Forearm = reminder to keep God's law with all your heart (near heart). Forehead = reminder to consentrate on the teachings of the Torah with all your full mind (brain). Worn when praying at the Synagouge or at home. Jewish Marraige Call marriage Kiddushin (holy,spetial)
Get married under a huppah (canopy)
Make a written contract or promise called Ketubah
A glass is broked by man to remind them that their joy will be neer completion until the Holy Temple in Jerusalem is rebuilt.
Gives each other a ring (tolken of their promises) 3 types of Jews Orthodox (most devoted)
Liberal Kosher Food Food that are allowed by the Jewish law
Some foods that they can't eat are:
No mixed dairy
Can't eat animals which has split hooves or chews its cud. They can eat however animals that have both of these characteristics such as cow.
May eat fish that can detach fins and scales easily Jewish God Single God who created the universe and every Jew can have a personal relationship with Him. Pray in order to build their relationship. Promised Jews that they were the chosen people and that He would lead and protect them until they reach heaven. oldest of the 4 monotheistic religions
yet it is the smallest with only 12 million
only .2 of the worlds population The Jewish scrips - The Law given to Jews by the Prophet Moses (Moshe) about 3,300 years ago (1250 BC)
- Includes 5 books (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy)
- Revealed to Moses by God on Mt. Sinai
- Torah stored inside the Ark. No one is allowed to touch it so a special pointer called yad is used to locate words easier.
- Old testament The Torah (Ta) The sacred books together are called: TaNaCH but there are still more scrips that are not included in this name. Stories, laws, medical knowledge, debates about moral choices. These thing written in this are based upon 2 sources: Mishnah and Gemara Talmud Gemara Includes quotes from hundreds of Rabbis from 200-500 CE. Clarifying the Mishnah with extra historical, religious, legal, sociological etc. topics. This was based on opinions of these topics so the definitive answer might be incorrect Mishnah Includes hundreds of chapters including sriptures in Hebrew. Published around 200 CE. Obadiah
Ketuvim Festivals/Holidays Sabbath (Shabbat) - Most impostant time of the week
- Starts at sunset on Friday and finnishes on Saturday's sunset.
- Devoted Jews will not work (driving, cooking etc.)
- In the begginging families will have a meal.
- Eat special bread called Hallah
- Go to Synagouge. Synagouges (Assembly) Place of worship
Men need to cover their heads
Men and Women usually sit seperatly by a screen or a one way mirror
usually the front wall and people face in the direction of Jerusalem
the ark is on this wall usually preach in Synagouge
means teacher - Remembers when children were saved from slavery in Egypt by Moses
- 8 day festival
- Seder meal held in each family's house at the beggining. Highlight
- Haggadah read
- Eat Matzah (bread) and other unleaveded foods throuought the festival
- Spring cleaning before so no traces of yeast (leaven) is left
- Date different each year
- Starts 18th April, finishes 26 April 2011
- One of 3 pilgrim festivals
- 15th day of Nisan (Jewish calander) Haggadah Passover retold Rosh Hashanah (Jewish new year) - Day of Judgement
- Day of the Sounding of the Shofar
- Day of the rememberance
- Remembers the creation of the world
- Begins with 10 days of self examination and regret on past actions, while God sits in Jugement on everyone
- Special services in synagouge for 2 days
- Shofar is blown Shofar - A musical instrument.A polished ram's horn used in Jewish services during certain times of the year. Has a loud pirceing sound. Hasma:
- Good luck charm
- Shaped like hand, and an eye in the middle.
- Reminds them of God's protective hand and his watchful eye, watching over them Tzitzit:
- Remind them that God is always there and that they should follow his law Mezuzah - Found on doorways on Jewish houses. It is a litte case, with a tiny scroll inside. The writting on the scroll os from the Bible (Shema). It says that Jews should love and keep Gods rules. Yom Kippur - Day of Atonement
- Most sacred and solemn festival
- Fast for 25 hours
- Spend day in prayer asking for pardon and resolving to act better in the future Sukkot/Sukkoth - Remembers the year when the Jews spent time in the desert on their way to the Promised Land.
- Called Sukkot because on the Journey, some lived in huts made out of leaves and branches.
- Hut = Sukkah, Huts = Sukkot
- In this festival, some Jews bulid their own Sukkah in their garden or in their Synagouge.
- Eat meals in huts for 8-9 days Huts - At least 3 walls
- Roof must be made out of Sekhakh (something grown from the ground and cut off like branches, corn stalks, bamboo reed, stick)
- Roof should be scatterd to see the stars Special service in Synagouge Hold branches from 3 different trees in their hands and a citrus friut in their right. Walk around the Synagouge 7 times waving the branches. Hanukkah (Festival of light) - dates back 2 centuries before Christianity
- 8 day holiday
- 25th night of the month Kislev (9th of 12)
- celebrates the vicory over the religious persecution of the Holy land
- Re-calls the re-dedication of the 2nd temple in Jeruselum and the burning oil.
- This is when the oil of the menorah burned for 8 days even though it had only enough oil for one. Tisha B'av solemn occasion because it re-calls a sequence of misfortunes that happend to the Jews over years Tu B'Shevat (New year for trees) One of the 4 Jewish new years (Rosh Hashanahs) Yom Hashoah Day set aside for Jews to remember the Holocaust. 6 million Jews died in the Holocaust. Bar Mitzvah A spetial ceremony where Jewish boys become an adult and become a "Son of the Commandment" (13 yr.) Bat Mitzvah When Girls become an adult, a daughter of the commandment (12 yr.) Rabbis Passover (Pesach) Father of the Jews. Symbol of trusting and obeying God. Important to Islam and Christianity too.Story told Book of Genesis (12-25 chapters) Bibliography
"What Is Judaism?" Judaism 101. 11 Apr. 2007. Web. 05 May 2011. <http://www.jewfaq.org/judaism.htm>.
"Description of Judaism." ReligiousTolerance.org by the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. 28 July 2009. Web. 05 May 2011. <http://www.religioustolerance.org/jud_desc.htm>.
"Judaism for Children." Woodlands Junior School, Tonbridge, Kent UK. 4 Nov. 2010. Web. 05 May 2011. <http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/religion/jewish.htm>.
"BBC - Religion: Judaism." BBC - Homepage. 24 Feb. 2010. Web. 05 May 2011. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/>.
"Jewish Symbols Explained for Kids." Academy BJE - Home Page. 14 June 2008. Web. 05 May 2011. <http://www.bje.org.au/learning/judaism/kids/symbols.html>.
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