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Copy of Misfortunes in Madrid

A report about Dr. Jose Rizal
by Tyron Obasa on 29 August 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Misfortunes in Madrid

1890-1891
MIsFORTUNES IN MADRID
SPAIN
MADRID
ANTONIO LUNA
WENCESLAO RETANA
married a British Engineer
LEONOR RIVERA
sought help from:
in MADRID....
Asociacion
Hispano - Filipino
and
Liberal Spanish Newspapers
La Justicia, El Globo, La Republica, El Resumen, etc.
Marcelo H. del Pilar
Dr. Dominador Gomez
who acted as Rizal's lawyer
Secretary of the Asoiacion Hispano-Filipina
Minister of Colonies
Señor Fabie
in order to protest the injustices committed by
Gov. Gen. Valeriano Weyler
and
Dominican Priests to Calamba folks.
a Madrid newspaper which sympathized with the Filipino cause, said:
EL RESUMEN
"To cover the ears,
open the purse and fold the arms -
this is the Spanish colonial policy."
Francisco Rizal
(Rizal's Father)
Rizal received a copy of the ejectment order of the Dominicans against
from Silvestre Ubaldo,
Olympia's husband
the deportation of
Rizal learned from
Saturnina
Paciano,
Antonio Lopez, Silvestre Ubaldo, Teong(Mateo Elejorde), and Dantoy(Rizal's relative) to Mindoro; these unfortunate deportees were arrested in Calamba & were shipped out of Manila.
Ferdinand Blumentritt
Queen Regent Maria Cristina
then ruler of Spain during the minority of Alfonso XIII
Rizal's talented co-worker in the Propaganda Movement died in Barcelona, Spain on August 19, 1890 after a lingering illness.
JOSE MA. PANGANIBAN
Rizal's Eulogy to Panganiban
Rizal attended a social reunion of the Filipinos in Madrid.
Aborted Duel with Antonio Luna
Antonio Luna
was bitter because of his frustrated romance with
Nellie Bousted.
Luna was his superior as a swordsman.
Rizal was a better pistol shot than Luna.
Rizal Challenges Retana to Duel
Wenceslao E. Retana
- challenged by Rizal, his bitter enemy of the pen.
- talented Spanish scholar.
- press agent of the friars in Spain.
an anti-Filipino newspaper in Madrid.
LA EPOCA
Teatro Polo
Infidelity of Leonor Rivera
December 1890
Rizal received a letter
from Leonor Rivera
February 15, 1891
Blumetritt consoled Rizal.
Closing days of 1890, arose an unfortunate rivalry between Rizal and Marcelo H. del Pilar for supremacy.
Rizal - Del Pilar Rivalry
V.S.
Marcelo H. del Pilar
- fearless lawyer - journalist
- editor in
La Solidaridad
La Solidaridad
- owned by M.H. del Pilar
- purchased from Pablo Riazares
- del Pilar replaced Graciano Lopez-Jaena as its editor
Filipinos in Madrid met to patch up their differences and to intensify the campaign for reform.
January 1, 1891
The election for the Responsable
took place during
the first week of February 1891
Rizal Abdicates His Leadership.
two hostile camps
Rizalistas vs Pilaristas
First day of Election
Rizal was winning but failed to reach a two thirds vote.
Second day of Election
Rizal won but votes cast did not reach
the required two-thirds
Third day of Election
Mariano Ponce appealed to vote for Rizal
Rizal won and became the Responsable
Rizal declined.
Rizal knew some of his compatriots despise him so he preferred to abdicate his leadership than to be the cause of disunity and bitterness among his countrymen.
Rizal thanked his companions for electing him as Responsable but he left Madrid for Biarritz, France.
ADIOS, MADRID!
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