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The History Of Canada From 1790 to 1914
Transcript of The History Of Canada From 1790 to 1914
Canada is divided into 3 districts.
British Captain George Vancouver begins his three-year survey of northwest coast of North America
first parliament of upper Canada is elected.
Jay Treaty establishes neutral commissions to settle border disputes between U.S and Canada and guaranteed Indians free movement across border.
York becomes official capital of upper Canada.
Captain George Vancouver's findings are published in "Journey to the North Pacific Ocean" in London.
Alexander Baranov establishes Russian post known today as Old Sitka; trade charter grants exclusive trading rights to the Russian American Company. Captain George Vancouver (22 June 1757 – 10 May 1798) was an English officer of the British Royal Navy, best known for his 1791-95 expedition, which explored and charted North America's northwestern Pacific Coast regions, including the coasts of contemporary Alaska, British Columbia, Washington and Oregon. He also explored the Hawaiian Islands and the southwest coast of Australia.
Vancouver Island, Canada; the cities of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and Vancouver, Washington, US; Mount Vancouver on the Yukon/Alaska border and New Zealand's fourth highest mountain are named after him. 1801
Shipping became an important industry in Canada
First Nations Massacure Russians at Old Sitka
Vermont passes an act to distinguish Border between U.S and Canada.
Slave Trade Abolished In British Empire although Slavery continued through out the colonies.
Jefferson Signs a bill banning all foreign trade. 1813
Battle of Elizbeth Town
The British, under Henry Drummond, burn Fort Oswego, on Lake Ontario.
August 11 - Battle of Lake Champlain. 1820
Creation of the municipality of Prescott and Russell in Upper Canada (today Ontario).
The Parliament House, at Toronto, is burned.
The Canada Company is founded
Settlement begins in Stratford, Ontario The Canada Company was a large private chartered British land development company, incorporated by an act of British parliament on July 27, 1825, to aid the colonization of Upper Canada. Canada Company assisted emigrants by providing good ships, low fares, implements and tools,and inexpensive land. The government of Upper Canada sold the company 10,000 km² of land for 341 000 pounds. The company surveyed and subdivided this massive area, built roads, mills, and schools and advertised it to buyers in Europe. The company then assisted in the migration of new settlers, bringing them to the area by means of a boat, which the company also owned, on Lake Ontario.
The company's mismanagement and corruption, and its close alliance with the Tory elites, known as the Family Compact was an important contributing factor to the Upper Canada Rebellion in 1837.The company was dissolved on December 18, 1953. Fort Oswego was an important frontier post for British traders in the 18th century. A trading post was established in 1722 with a log palisade, and New York governor William Burnet ordered a fort built at the site in 1727. The log palisade fort established a British presence on the Great Lakes. During the French and Indian War, this fort was captured and destroyed by the French in 1756. The site is now included in the city of Oswego, New York. 1830
Influenza epidemic strikes tribes of British Columbia.
Canada is divided into counties.
A charter for a railway, from La Prairie, Quebec to St. John's, is granted; it will be the first railway in Canada.
Massive Patriote campaign to petition the king for reforms
Male Jews were extended full political and religious rights.
Many African-Canadians were protesting at the time about voting rights, although these weren't granted to them until 7 years later. The Old Sitka Site was the site of the early Russian-American Company settlement Redoubt St. Archangel Michael (Russian: форт Архангела Михаила, r "Fort Arkhangela Mikhaila") near present-day Sitka, Alaska. The site was established in 1799 and destroyed in an attack by the Tlingit people in 1802. Although the Russians resettled the area, they did so where Sitka is located. The site is now part of the Old Sitka State Historical Park. 1840
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert are shot at.
Queen Victoria is crowned.
Act of Union. The Queen sanctions the union of Upper and Lower Canada. The United Canada Act allows larger government to borrow more money.
The Union of Upper and Lower Canada establishes the Province of Canada.
The 1st Parliament of the Province of Canada meets at Kingston.
The Canada Gazette publishes its first issue.
December 20 - The Kingston Common Council establishes a police force
Britain and United States settle the long-disputed boundary across the Columbia District or Oregon Country from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific, by drawing the boundary across the mountains along the 49th Parallel to the Strait of Georgia, and leaving the Colony of Vancouver Island, established in 1843, intact. Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward. Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother Princess Victoria. She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died leaving no legitimate, surviving children. The United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the Sovereign held relatively little direct political power. Privately, Victoria attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments. Publicly, she became a national icon, and was identified with strict standards of personal morality.
Her reign of 63 years and seven months, which is longer than that of any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history, is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. She was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover. Her son and successor, Edward VII, belonged to the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the line of his father. 1850
In the United States, the Fugitive Slave Act is passed. It provides that even free persons can be made a slave if suspected of being a runaway. As a result, more fugitive slaves and free Black persons come to Canada.
The site of John By's headquarters during the construction of the Rideau Canal is incorporated as Bytown.
Gold discovered in British Columbia, and coal on Vancouver Island.
The Canadian government passes the Railway Guarantee Act.
The Canadian-American Reciprocity Treaty is signed
The Canadian government imposes revenue tariffs on US manufactured goods to pay for railroad debts. The Canadian–American Reciprocity Treaty of 1854, also known as the Elgin-Marcy Treaty, was a trade treaty between the United Province of Canada and the United States. It covered raw materials and was in effect from 1854 to 1865. It represented a move toward free trade, and was opposed by protectionist elements in the United States, who joined with Americans angry at apparent British support for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War, ended it in 1866. The solution for most leaders in British North America became confederation into the Dominion of Canada (1867), which supposedly would open up many new economic opportunities inside Canada. Attempts by the Liberal Party of Canada to revive free trade in 1911 led to a political victory for Conservatives who warned that Canada would be swallowed up by its giant neighbor. Talk of reciprocity was put on hold for decades. 1860
The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada formed
The construction of the Canadian House of Commons began. The cornerstone of the Parliament buildings is laid this day.
Dr. Anderson Ruffin Abbott becomes the first Canadian-born Black to graduate from medical school.
Queen Victoria gives royal assent to the British North America Act.
The Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick are united into the Dominion of Canada by the British North America Act.
Sir John A. Macdonald becomes the first prime minister of the Dominion of Canada. The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada is a Primary Reserve regiment of the Canadian Forces, based in Toronto, Ontario. The regiment is part of Land Force Central Area's 32 Canadian Brigade Group. It is the only reserve regiment in Canada to have a parachute role. The regiment consists of the reserve battalion, the regimental association, and the regimental band. The official abbreviation is QOR of C, but the name is often abbreviated to QOR. Anderson Ruffin Abbott, M.D. (7 April 1837 – 29 December 1913) was the first Black Canadian to be a licensed physician. His career included participation in the American Civil War and attending the deathbed of Abraham Lincoln. The Constitution Act, 1867 (originally enacted as The British North America Act, 1867, and referred to as the BNA Act), is a major part of Canada's Constitution.
The Act created a federal dominion and defines much of the operation of the Government of Canada, including its federal structure, the House of Commons, the Senate, the justice system, and the taxation system.
The British North America Acts, including this Act, were renamed in 1982 with the patriation of the Constitution (originally enacted by the British Parliament); however, it is still known by its original name in United Kingdom records. Amendments were also made at this time: section 92A was added, giving provinces greater control over non-renewable natural resources. 1871
The last of the British army leaves Canada
Parliament legalizes the use of the metric system
Ontario Schools Act is passed in Ontario, requiring all students aged 7 to 12 to attend school.
The Trade Unions Act is passed in parliament, legalizing labor unions.
The Criminal Law Amendment Act is also passed, making picketing illegal.
The Supreme Court of Canada is created
The Toronto Women's Literary Club is founded as a front for the suffrage movement. Toronto Women's Literary Club, a screen for suffrage activities was created 1876 by Dr Emily Howard Stowe, Canada's first woman doctor. She and her daughter, Dr Augusta Stowe, spearheaded Ontario's suffrage campaign for 40 years. In 1883 the club became the Toronto Women's Suffrage Association, then in 1889 the Dominion Women's Enfranchisement Association - a national group in name only. Anderson Ruffin Abbott, M.D. (7 April 1837 – 29 December 1913) was the first Black Canadian to be a licensed physician. His career included participation in the American Civil War and attending the deathbed of Abraham Lincoln. 1880
"O Canada" first performed
The United Kingdom gives Canada control of the Arctic islands.
Canada adopts Standard Time
Banff National Park, the first national park in Canada is established
A head tax on Chinese immigrants is imposed by the federal government
The Dominion Women Enfranchisement Association is created to campaign for women's right to vote O Canada 1893
The National Council of Women meets for the first time
Canada Evidence Act created
Gold is discovered in the Yukon, prompting the Klondike gold rush
First Canadian troops sent to an overseas war (Boer War) The International Council of Women (ICW) was the first women's organization to work across national boundaries for the common cause of advocating human rights for women. In March and April 1893, women leaders came together in Washington D.C. with 80 speakers and 49 delegates representing 53 women's organizations from 9 countries: Canada, the United States, Ireland, India, England, Finland, Denmark, France and Norway. Women from professional organizations, trade unions, arts groups and benevolent societies participate. National Councils are affiliated to the ICW and thus make themselves heard at international level The Canada Evidence Act is an Act of the Parliament of Canada, first passed in 1893, that regulates the rules of evidence in court proceedings under federal law. As law of evidence is largely set by common law, the Act is not comprehensive.
The Act only applies to court proceedings conducted under federal law. The Act thus applies in courts and administrative agencies created by the federal Parliament, such as the Federal Court of Canada and the Tax Court of Canada, as well as appeals from those courts to the Federal Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Canada. The Act also applies in the provincial courts when they hear and determine matters under federal laws, notably under the Criminal Code, a federal statute. 1900
The federal government doubles the head tax on Chinese immigrants
The first Victoria Day is celebrated
The Second Boer War ends, and Canadian troops return home to great acclaim
Henry Ford opens an automobile manufacturing plant in Windsor, Ontario
The Opium and Narcotics Act is passed banning certain drugs in Canada. 1910
The Royal Canadian Navy is created after the Naval Service Bill passes
The Parliament of Canada passes Quebec Boundaries Extension Act that transferred to the Province of Quebec the territory bounded by the Eastmain River, the Labrador coast, and Hudson and Ungava Bays, extending the northern boundary to its present location.
Canada's War Measures Act is passed suspending all civil rights in Canada during a crisis.