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House of Representatives and Senate: Compare and Contrast

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by Monica Shen on 16 March 2011

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Transcript of House of Representatives and Senate: Compare and Contrast

Comparing and Contrasting: Differences Number of Members: The House has 435 members,
one from each district
of the 50 states. The Senate has two members
from each state, adding up to
a total of 100 members Requirements To be a House Representative,
one must be at least 25 years old
and must have lived in their
representing district for at least 7 years. To be a Senator,
one must be at least 30 years old
and have lived in their representing state for at least 9 years. Terms House members must run
for reelection every two years,
while senators must run for
reelection every six years
(one-third of the Senate runs
for reelection every two years). Interests The framers of the Constitution believed the Senate
would protect the elite interests in order to work against the House's tendencies to protect the masses. Formality Because the Senate is smaller than the House, it also tends
to be less disciplined and less decentralized. Policymaking Role The House is more influential on the budget, while the Senate is more influential on foreign affairs. Debate The Senate has unlimited debate, unlike the House,
which also has a limit on the number of floor amendments. Similarities Both the House and the Senate
are parts of Congress. In present day, both House representatives and
senators are elected directly by the people. The Senate allows filibusters, while the House does not. Therefore, the Senate uses clotures (to cut the time of filibusters), while the House does not do so. Both houses create law. Members pass laws by proposing them to committees and then opening the floor to debate. Both houses also vote on the laws being passed (the laws are required to be passed in both houses), which, essentially, is a form of checks and balances in itself. Money bills start in the House, while the approval of treaties and presidential appointments take place in the Senate. Presidents are impeached by the House. The Senate holds the responsibility of the trial. Both houses follow calendars to schedule rulings and bills that are passed for debate and organize the chambers. Both houses make use of committees. In other words, both houses use committees to help differentiate the important bills from the not so important ones. Both houses are permitted to determine the rules of its proceedings as well as to punish and expel its members. Senators and representatives from the house must live in state they are representing. The Senate has
the power to
break the tie in the Electoral College. Regardless of their differences, the two chambers of Congress are equally important in ensuring the welfare of the people of the USA.




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