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Cause for Merger and Separation of Singapore and Malaysia

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by Shaun Yu Puay on 27 July 2010

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Transcript of Cause for Merger and Separation of Singapore and Malaysia

Causes for Merger and Separation of Singapore and Malaysia. Reasons for Merger: Reasons for Separation: Singapore felt that it will be difficult to survive as an independent state.



Singapore’s was also lack of natural resources, we had limited space and a growing unemployment rate.



Malaya had also introduces trade tariffs on goods between both countries.



When Singapore merged with Malaya, there was a lot of racial tension.





In particular, the Chinese in Singapore disdained being discriminated against by Federal policies of affirmative action, which granted special privileges to the Malays guaranteed under one of the laws of Malaya. financial and economic benefits that were also given to Malays.


Islam was the sole official religion, although non-Muslims maintained the freedom of worship.


Numerous racial riots resulted, and curfews were frequently imposed to restore order. The president of Indonesia wanted to confront Malaya and thus bombed MacDonald House in March 1965.


On one occasion,the 1964 Race Riots that took place on Prophet Muhammad's birthday on July 21, near Kallang Gasworks with twenty-three killed and hundreds injured as Chinese and Malays attacked each other.

















Hopes of the PAP after the Merger: With a merger, PAP hoped that a common market would be set up to support new industries which will solve the problem of unemployment.


The PAP saw that only a merger with Malaya would help them to achieve independence from the British.


An anti-communists state like Malaya would allow Singapore to achieve independence without the British worrying that the communists would take over Singapore.
The Breaking Point: More riots broke out in September 1964. On August 7, 1965, Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman, seeing no alternative to avoid further bloodshed, advised the Parliament of Malaysia that it should vote to expel Singapore from Malaysia.


Despite last attempts by PAP leaders, including Lee Kuan Yew, to keep Singapore as a state in the union, the Parliament on August 9, 1965 voted 126-0 in favour of the expulsion of Singapore, with members of Parliament from Singapore not present.
Done by: Puay Shaun Yu (25)
Darren Lim (16)
Clyde Quek (26)
Daryl Ware (6)
End Any questions?
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