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Roanoke, Jamestown, Plymouth

A description of the first 3 English colonies in America.
by Kale Blickenstaff on 2 September 2014

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Transcript of Roanoke, Jamestown, Plymouth

The First English Colonies
I will examine the settlements of Roanoke, Jamestown, and Plymouth
Roanoke Island
The 1st British settlement in North America
First settled by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1584
Raleigh named the entire area Virginia
Today Roanoke is located in North Carolina whose capital is Raleigh
The original settlement failed because of food shortages and troubles with the Native Americans and Spain.
John White returns in 1587 to start a new colony
White had to return to England for supplies leaving behind the colony members
Because of the fighting between the English and the Spanish Armada, White could not return until 1590
White returned to find that everyone had vanished!
Charter granted by James I
"Jamestown"
100 initial settlers
2/3 die of disease and hunger
looked for gold rather than food
swampy land = malaria, bad water
poor relations with natives
Powhatan = local chief
Captain John Smith saves Jamestown by:
Trading for food with local Powhatans
Instituting harsh rules - "He who works not, eats not."
Did it happen?
Pocahontas saves Jamestown by:
Bringing food and supplies to the settlers
Marrying Englishman John Rolfe
This marriage brought peace between the colonists and the Powhatans, and ensured economic success for Jamestown after Pocahontas introduced tobacco to John Rolfe.
The VA Co begins heavily advertising settlement in Jamestown
Cheerio, mates, how about
working for the Virginia Company in the beautiful settlement of Jamestown! After all, only 66% of the people have died, so you have a 1 in 3 chance of surviving!
Also, everyone that can pay for their own journey to Virginia will receive 50 acres of land, free!
Headright = 50 acres
1 acre = 4,840 sq yds or 43,560 sq ft
Sounds tempting, but we have a good life in England. Why would we give it up?
Ugh, and if we go, I will have to do work! I wish some poor person would do it for me...
Sounds great! Sign me up! After I receive my headright, I’ll finally have land of my own! Umm…I only have one problem. I’m broke and can’t pay for my own journey.
Also in 1619, male settlers chose burgesses, or representatives, that met in an assembly called the House of Burgesses.
By 1670, only MALE PROPERTY OWNERS could vote.
By 1732 the right to vote was taken from FREE BLACK men.
Plymouth
In 1607, a group of English Separatists, known as Pilgrims, moved to Holland in order to worship freely.
Holland allowed them to worship freely!
But Holland was no England
Their children began acting Dutch
So they decided to move again!
In 1620, the Pilgrims set sail for Virginia on the Mayflower, but a storm blew them instead to Massachusetts.
The Pilgrims received a charter from the Virginia Company in 1620 to settle in northern Virginia.
The Pilgrims agreed to work for the company as indentured servants.
The Pilgrims developed the Mayflower Compact, which was an agreement to make laws for the benefit of the whole settlement.
More than 1/2 died in the first winter!
Samoset and Squanto were Native Americans who taught the Pilgrims how to farm and trap animals.
Samoset serves as liaison between Pilgrims and the Wampanoag Indians led by Chief Massasoit.
Squanto serves as translator.
Started by the Virginia Company in 1607
The VA Co begins to hire INDENTURED SERVANTS
worked without wages for a number of years (4 - 7) in exchange for transportation to the colonies
1619 - africans first brought to Jamestown as In. Servs.
soon they were used as slaves
Jamestown
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