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"1984" by George Orwell.

Presentation of the classic novel "1984" by George Orwell.
by Hugo Gastone on 8 January 2013

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Transcript of "1984" by George Orwell.

Presentation By Hugo Gastone "1984" By George Orwell Getting to know George Orwell Born in India in 1903, Eric Blair (also known as
George Orwell) was a scholarship student educated at
prestigious boarding schools in England. His family was
part of the lower-upper-middle class. After graduating
from Eton, Eric decided to stop college so that he could
become an Imperial policeman in Burma; but he hated his duties in Burma because he didn't like enforcing strict
laws from a political regime he despised. Once back in England, he decided to quit the Imperial Police and then dedicated himself to becoming a writer. Introduction to "1984" Like many other classics written by George Orwell, "1984" is a dystopian novel about a totalitarian government controlling every aspect of life in a nation know as "Oceana". The story takes place in the city of Airstrip One (In reality, the story takes place in London, England). Brief Plot Summary Winston is a low-ranking member of the party in Airstrip One. He is constantly being watched by the party everywhere he goes via the telescreen : some sort of TV used by the party to spy on people.Winston works in the Ministry of Truth, where he alters historical records to fit the needs of the party. Even though he is a member of party, he still performs "thoughtcrime", the worst of all crimes. One day at work, he spots a young lady spying on him. He later finds out that her name is Julia and that she's in love with him. Winston plans a date with her and after, they suddenly become lovers. He later learns that Julia is part of the Anti-Sex League but that she is also a traitor to the party just like him. During his relationship with Julia, Winston also tries to figure out a way to make it to the brotherhood, a mysterious, legendary group that seeks to overthrow Big Brother. Thoughtcrime : This crime is represented as one of the most dangerous and worst crimes in the nation of Oceana. This crime is performed by thinking against the ideas of the party. Character List Winston: A minor member of the Party. He despises the idea of totalitarian control and harbors revolutionary dreams.
Julia: Winston's lover and companion during the story. She is part of the Fiction department of the Party. Her rebellion against the party is smaller than Winston's ideological movement.
O'Brien: A mysterious, powerful and sophisticated member of the inner Party. He has been rumored to be the leader of the Brotherhood, the legendary group of anti-Party rebels.
Big Brother: Although he never appears in the story and may not even exist, Big Brother is perceived as the leader of Oceana. "BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU"
Mr Charrington: An old man who runs a secondhand store in the prole district.
Syme: An intelligent, outgoing man who works with Winston at the Ministry of Truth. Syme specializes in language. In the beginning of the novel, we find out that he is working in the new edition of the Newspeak Dictionnary.
Emmanuel Goldstein: A legendary member of the party. He is believed to be the leader of the Brotherhood. The Party describes him as the most treacherous and dangerous man in Oceana. He used to be a Party leader who fell out of favor with the regime. Themes, Symbols, and Messages of the Book Themes:
The Dangers of Totalitarianism:
1984 is a political novel written with the purpose of warning readers of the danger of totalitarian governments. In 1984, Orwell portrays the perfect totalitarian society, the most extreme realization imaginable of a modern-day government with absolute power.
Psychological Control:
The giant telescreen in every citizen’s room blasts a constant stream of propaganda designed to make the failures and shortcomings of the Party appear to be triumphant successes. The telescreens also monitor behavior—everywhere they go, citizens are continuously reminded, especially by means of the omnipresent signs reading “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU"-"War is Peace, Freedom is Slavery, Ignorance is Strength"-"In the end the Party would announce that two and two make five, and you would have to believe it. It was inevitable that they should make that claim sooner or later: the logic of their position demanded it. Not merely the validity of experience, but the very existence of external reality was tacitly denied by their philosophy"


Symbols:
A Place where there is no Darkness:
Throughout the novel Winston imagines meeting O’Brien in “the place where there is no darkness.” The words first come to him in a dream, and he ponders them for the rest of the novel. Eventually, Winston does meet O’Brien in the place where there is no darkness; instead of being the paradise Winston imagined, it is merely a prison cell in which the light is never turned off.
The Telescreens:
The telescreens symbolizes how totalitarian government abuses technology for its own ends instead of exploiting its knowledge to improve civilization. Major Conflicts and Obstacles The Party: Winston plans to join the Brotherhood so that he can revolt against the Party. To do so he would have to escape from the Party's reach so that his plans could carry out the way he wanted them to. This conflict is not overcome because he is tricked into confessing his plans of revolt to the Secret Police
Room 101 (THE RATS): When Winston is captured by the Secret Police, he is taken to this room called "Room 101". Inside this room, your deepest fears are divulged and used against you. Winston's deepest fear is rats. Favorite Part: My Favorite part is the scene that occurs inside room 101 with Winston and O'Brien. You never know what would happen next during the interrogation, and the outcome of the experience was horrible. Recommendations I recommend this book to mature readers who enjoy the fiction genre. It may be hard to understand the book but in all, the storyline is filled with enough of everything.
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