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The Extinction of the Snow Leopard

Geography 300 Presentation: Cosumnes River College
by Sarah Wolf on 28 November 2012

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Transcript of The Extinction of the Snow Leopard

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Sarah Wolf
Geography 300
Cosumnes River College The Extinction of the Snow Leopard Within this presentation, the snow leopard's background and characteristics, along with where the snow leopard resides, where the species is becoming extinct, and why the species is becoming extinct where it is, will be discussed. Abstract The snow leopard's classification from large to small is:
Kingdom: animalia
Phylum: chordata
Subphylum: vertebrata
Class: mammalia
Order: carnivora
Suborder: felifornia
Family: felidae
Subfamily: patherinae
Genus: uncia
Species: uncia uncia or panthera uncia
The snow leopard's species used to be leo uncia
Scientists distinguished the snow leopard to be the only species in the genus uncia
It had certain differences in skeletal structure which occured 3,000,000 years ago Introduction Continued: Classification An estimated 4,000 to 6,500 snow leopards are left in Asia

Q: Why is this important?
A: Snow leopards are the top predators of the ecosystem in Asia ( except for humans)
Maps of the distribution of the remaining snow leopards within Asia: Results The snow leopard is becoming extinct (and is currently endangered) due to both natural reasons and unnatural reasons
The snow leopard being endangered could lead to scientists attempting to clone the precious species Conclusion "A Map of the Snow Leopard's Range." Snow Leopard
Conservancy. Snow Leopard Conservancy, 2011. Web. 15
September 2012. (Photo).
"Adopt a Snow Leopard." WWF. World Wildlife Fund, 2012.
Web. 15 September 2012. (Photo).
"Blue Eyed Snow Leopard Wallpaper." FreeWallpaper4me.
Xploited Media, n.d. Web. 15 September 2012. (Photo).
Caird, David. "Leopard cubs." The Mercury. The Mercury,
2012. Web. 15 September 2012. (Photo).
"Facts abou the Snow Leopard." Facts about the Snow Leopard.
KEWA, n.d. Web. 16 September 2012.
Guynup, Sharon. "In Search Of SNOW LEOPARDS."
ScienceWorld 66.1 (2009): 14. MasterFILE Premier.
Web. 15 Sept. 2012.
"Habitat." Snow Leopard Trust. Snow Leopard Trust, 2012.
Web. 15 September 2012. Works Cited Snow Leopard Artwork by Sarah Wolf Introduction A: Yet to be discovered.
Outline:
Introduction to the snow leopard (classification, characteristics, reproductive style, habitat, and food source)
Q: Where are snow leopards becoming extinct and why are they becoming extinct in those particular places?
Different reasons for the snow leopard going extinct
Conservation
Where the snow leopards are becoming extinct
Map of the distribution throughout the world
Map of vulnerable snow leopard habitats
Works cited with artwork Mating season January-May
Fetus in the mother cat for five months
1 to 4 offspring on average
Offspring blind up to nine days old
Off spring don't leave mother until a year or two, but hunt with her soon after they are three months old
Average lifespan of a snow leopard in captivity is 21 years
In the wild, the average lifespan is estimated to be five years less or more than in captivity
Habitat: Central Asia
China (60% of all snow leopards live here)
Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Kasakhstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyztan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Mongolia (including zoos within these countries) Introduction Continued: Reproductive Style and Habitat Original photo I represented with a stippling/pen art drawing- by: Xploited Media Results Continued Presented by:
Snow Leopard Conservancy Reasons for extinction:
Shortage of wild sheep and goats forces snow leopards to eat livestock and consequently, farmers kill those snow leopards
Global warming
Causes the melting of snow, which pushes the species further up mountains
Fewer plants and fewer herbivores to eat those plants (so less herbivores for the snow leopard to eat)
Poaching for pelts and furs (biggest reason)- big penalty Kamal Thapa, et al. "Conservation And Climate Change:
Assessing The Vulnerability Of Snow Leopard Habitat
To Treeline Shift In The Himalaya." Biological
Conservation 150.1 (2012): 129-135. Academic Search
Complete. Web. 16 September 2012.
Leopard-Pictures. Leopard-Pictures, 2008. Web. 15 September
2012. (2 Photos).
"Snow Leopard." Defenders of Wildlife. Defenders of Wildlife,
2012. Web. 15 September 2012.
"Snow Leopard Conservancy Logo." Wikipedia. Wikipedia,
2011. Web. 15 September 2012. (Photo).
"Snow Leopard Fact Sheet." Snow Leopard Trust. Snow
Leopard Trust, 2012. Web. 16 September 2012.
"Snow Leopard Trust." Guide Star. Guide Star, 2012. Web. 15
September 2012. (Photo).
Toriello, Krista. "Snow Leopard." Animal Diversity Web.
Animal Diversity Web, 2002. Web. 15 September 2012. Works Cited Continued The End! Introduction Continued:
Reproductive Style, Habitat and Food Source By: WWF (World Wildlife Fund) By: David Caird By: Leopard-Pictures By:Leopard-Pictures Reproductive Style Continued
Usually solitary; pairs only during mating season
Do not roar; mating call is a low whine
Den in rocky caverns
Deemed nocturnal, but most active during early mornings and late afternoons
Habitat Continued
Within Asia:
Mountain steppes and pine /evergreen scrub
High altitudes: 5900-18000 feet
Winter preference: mountains
Summer preference: meadows
Within whatever country snow leopards live, they have a broad home range of 100 square miles
Food Source:
Wild sheep, wild boar, gazelles, hares, markhor, bobak, tahr, marmots, mice and deer
Spring from a distance of 20-50 ft
Presented by: Wikipedia Presented by: Guide Star Results Continued Body length including head: 47-59 inches
Tail length: 31-39 inches
60-120 pounds
Coat: Soft and grey; white on belly
Solid black or brown spots on head and limbs
Body is covered with brown spots with black rings around the spots
Black streak runs down the back
Winter coat lighter in color Introduction Continued:Physical Characteristics

30% of snow leopard habitat lost due to a treeline shift in the Himalayas
Shrinking in the Alpine Zone
Climate Change:
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change states rising temperature has helped cause the snow leopard to go extinct:
Average annual temperature in South Asia and Tibet estimated to change 3-4 degrees Celsius
Rising precipitation
Adaptations for harsh conditions, which can cause extinction:
For mountain life:
Well-developed chest
Short forelimbs with large paws for walking on snow
Long hind-limbs for leaping
Long, flexible tail for balancing
For cold:
Enlarged nasal cavity
Long fur with wooly undergrowth
Thick, furry tail for wrapping around body and face Results: Conservation C.I.T.E.S. (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species)
Snow leopards are on this list, which makes it illegal to transport any snow leopard pieces across international borders
Fine up to $25,000
Nepal: 5-15 year jail sentence
The International Snow Leopard Trust was created in 1981
Has put five hundred snow leopards in more than one hundred zoos across Asia
Goal for the organization: to carefully and successfully breed captive snow leopards to increase the snow leopard population
Wolf, Sarah. "Snow Leopard." 2011. Artwork.
Wolf, Sarah. "The Biology and Environmental Issues of the Snow Leopard." 28 July 2011. Print. 15
September 2012. Works Cited Continued Presented By Karma Thapa, et al
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