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Transcript of Inclusionary Zoning
What Is Inclusionary Zoning?
IZ is a basic planning tool used to ensure that new developments offer housing options for families at all income levels, expanding opportunity for all people to live in healthy, vibrant communities with access to transportation options, amenities and resources.
Meet Sharon and her two children. She was born and raised off of Alberta Street in Portland and graduated from Jefferson High School in 1996. They live in a three bedroom apartment in an affordable housing complex in Outer SE Portland.
She earned an Associates Degree from PCC and currently works downtown as a parking lot attendant, earning $32,000 (50% of median family income).
Inclusive housing will increase opportunities for Sharon's family to live in a healthy community with:
- clean air
- healthy food choices
- recreational opportunities
- social services
- increased life expectancy
Diverse student bodies are crucial to quality public education. Inclusive housing ensures that youth from families at different income levels can attend good schools.
Inclusive housing will allow Sharon to move to Multnomah Village, where her children Alex and Tracy can attend highly rated schools like Rieke Elementary, Gray Middle School and Wilson High School.
Inclusive housing provides people with options, leading to less driving, cleaner air, and more local consumption.
Sharon's commute time will be cut in half, they can walk to school and the grocery store, and take advantage of local amenities.
Connecting Communities of Oregon
People should have the opportunity to live in a neighborhood with transportation options and a reasonable commuting time.
Inclusive housing will help Sharon to find a home closer to her job with better access to public transportation, increasing her mobility and lowering her household costs.
Now is the Time to Restore Local Control
The lack of affordable housing in all communities, across jurisdictions, is an obstacle to achieving equal opportunity for families at all income levels.
Inclusionary zoning is available in 48 states: Oregon and Texas are the only exceptions. In 1999, Oregon's Republican-controlled legislature passed ORS 197.309, banning the use of mandatory inclusionary zoning.
Oregon's jurisdictions need to be able to use all available tools to meet the growing needs of our hard-working families like Sharon's.
Alex is 14 and is a freshman at David Douglas High School. He has asthma and misses a significant amount of school due to respiratory problems.
Tracy is 11 and goes to Ron Russell Middle School. She has mobility issues and uses a brace for support.
A History of Discrimination
Sharon's grandfather moved to Vanport in 1942 to work in the Kaiser shipyards. After the flood, he was displaced to a duplex off of Russell St.
The Legacy of Urban Renewal
The City displaced Sharon's family in the mid 70's in order to build Emmanuel Hospital. Sharon was born in 1978 in an old home off NE 15th and Alberta. Her parents couldn't keep up with rising rents and moved out in 2000. Though she'd like to move back, Sharon can't afford to live in her old neighborhood.
Locked Out of Opportunity
Of 2,071 Section 8 vouchers added from 2001 to 2011, 93 percent were used in East Portland. People of color moved east at far higher rates than white families.
A majority of people of color are spending over 30% of their income on housing, a sign of housing instability. 65% of African American and 85% of Latino affordable housing residents live in high-poverty neighborhoods.
Image: Scrappers, The Mercury
Social Determinants of Health
Legal Barriers to Housing Mobility
On top of rising rents, there are legal obstacles to housing choice, such as the ban on inclusionary zoning and Section 8 discrimination.
Sharon saw a listing for a new apartment building in Multnomah Village, with good schools, clean air, healthy food and transportation options. But she can't afford the rent, so they're stuck where they are.
The Time is NOW
Endorse HB2890 to repeal the ban on inclusionary zoning
Join us on March 14 in Salem for a Rally for Housing Justice
Oregon's Communities Support IZ
Air toxics and asthma
Cars and freeways