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What's specific about the Pacific?
Transcript of What's specific about the Pacific?
Renaissance Dale F. Simpson Jr.
Instructor - College of DuPage - Department of Anthropology
Ph.D. Candidate - University of Queensland - School of Social Sciences
Instructor -Terevaka.net Archaeological Outreach What's Specific about the Pacific What's Anthropology doing
in the Pacific? Time depth &
Spacial coverage Polynesian Seafarers Polynesian Movement
2000-500ya Lapita Movement
~3500-2800ya Pleistocene Movement
~50-28,000ya Far Oceania Near Oceania Navigation Material culture: Adzes Material culture: Lures Material culture: Fishhooks Biological & genetic
evidence Monumental Architecture Hawai’i Tahiti Nuku Hiva Aotearoa
(New Zealand) Raiatea Necker Nuku Hiva Raivava’e Samoa Hiva Oa Statuary Necker Island Ancient socialpolitical organization Mana Tapu Tatau String figures Song & dance Rapanui Tahiti Marquesas Hawaii Haka - The Dance of Warriors Raivavae
Anthropologists wear many hats "Rocker
jaw" Hawaiian elite Maori chief Marquesan chief Marquesas Marquesas Easter Island New Zealand Tahiti Easter Island - kai kai Tonga New Zealand Hawaii Participants & Witnesses to Environmental Change & Hope Rapa Nui looks forward! Easter Island's Tapati What's Specific
about the Pacific A huge thanks to COD's Field Studies program & the Global Education Initiative Grant To Harvard: How do you like dem apples Part I: Periodising the Pacific
1. Damon Salesa, “The Pacific in Indigenous Time”
2. Joyce E. Chaplin, “The Pacific before Empire”
3. Nicholas Thomas, “The Pacific in the Age of Empire”
4. Akira Iriye, “A Pacific Century?”
Part II: Connections
5. Ryan T. Jones, “The Environment”
6. Adam McKeown, “Movement”
7. Kaoru Sugihara, “The Economy since 1800” Part III: Knowledges
8. Bronwen Douglas, “Religion”
9. Lisa Ford, “Law”
10. Sujit Sivasundaram, “Science”
Part IV: Identities
11. James Belich, “Race”
12. Patricia O’Brien, “Gender”
13. Robert Aldrich, “Politics” Provides outreach & education PACIFIC HISTORIES: OCEAN, LAND, PEOPLE 50,000-28,000ya Early Hominins &
Pleistocene Peoples Lapita Polynesians 1.6mya - 28tya 3,500ya - 2800ya Reef Santa Cruz 352KM 1. What is Anthropology doing in
the Pacific 2. Time Depth &
Spatial Distribution 3. Linguistic
Diversity & Danger 5. Indigenous
Renaissance What drove Lapita? Increased sailing technology &
Traditional Ecological Knowledge Rich virgin resources Social factors Natural Disasters Human Curiosity 3,500 - 2900ya 2000-500ya Lake Mungo Austronesian - Lapita
Homeland Separation of Mammals
and Marsupials Homo
floresiensis Hominins in the Pacific Line of sight
visibility Manus PNG New Britain New Ireland Buka Ceramic Industry Stilt Houses Homo
sapiens Two branches Papuan/ Oldest in Pacific Not "genetically" related Austronesian Most dispersed protolanguage 270 million speakers 6,ooo year history ~900 Languages ~450 Languages Australian "Genetically" related "New"
Languages Tok Pisin Solomons Pijin Tayo Pitcairnese Bislama Hawaiian Pidgin Easter Island's Rongorongo:
A written language? Saving Yanyuwan language Even small scale societies can have major impacts! New Zealand Fiji New
Caledonia Samoa Tahiti Marquesas Easter Tonga Tuamotus Australs 27-6 18-7 6-0 Moa & Haast
Tern Giant Frog
& Mekosuchus Giant Iguana,
Bats Tragedy of
the commons &
the rising of sea levels Lessons in
Conservation: Reserves, Coral Gardening, and
Message in the waves Festivals Cultural/Language Revival The world in the Pacific... Ancestral Navigation Marquesan Art Festival Mt. Hagen Sing Sing Kaimuki High School Ohana O Mele Hokulea Waka Tapu in
Rapa Nui 4. Participants & Witnesses to
Environmental Change & Hope Nangol-Land Diving These sites make
Aborigines the world's
most continuous culture Obsidian Cuscus The Pacific in the world