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What's specific about the Pacific?

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by Dale Simpson Jr. on 21 March 2014

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Transcript of What's specific about the Pacific?

Linguistic Diversity &
Danger
Indigenous
Renaissance
Dale F. Simpson Jr.
Instructor - College of DuPage - Department of Anthropology
Ph.D. Candidate - University of Queensland - School of Social Sciences
Instructor -Terevaka.net Archaeological Outreach
What's Specific about the Pacific
What's Anthropology doing
in the Pacific?
Time depth &
Spacial coverage
Polynesian Seafarers
Polynesian Movement
2000-500ya
Lapita Movement
~3500-2800ya
Pleistocene Movement
~50-28,000ya
Far Oceania
Near Oceania
Navigation
Material culture: Adzes
Material culture: Lures
Material culture: Fishhooks
Biological & genetic
evidence
Monumental Architecture
Hawai’i
Tahiti
Nuku Hiva
Aotearoa
(New Zealand)
Raiatea
Necker
Nuku Hiva
Raivava’e
Samoa
Hiva Oa
Statuary
Necker Island
Ancient socialpolitical organization
Mana
Tapu
Tatau
String figures
Song & dance
Rapanui
Tahiti
Marquesas
Hawaii
Haka - The Dance of Warriors
Raivavae

Anthropologists wear many hats
"Rocker
jaw"
Hawaiian elite
Maori chief
Marquesan chief
Marquesas
Marquesas
Easter Island
New Zealand
Tahiti
Easter Island - kai kai
Tonga
New Zealand
Hawaii
Participants & Witnesses to Environmental Change & Hope
Rapa Nui looks forward!
Easter Island's Tapati
What's Specific
about the Pacific

A huge thanks to COD's Field Studies program & the Global Education Initiative Grant
To Harvard: How do you like dem apples
Part I: Periodising the Pacific
1. Damon Salesa, “The Pacific in Indigenous Time”
2. Joyce E. Chaplin, “The Pacific before Empire”
3. Nicholas Thomas, “The Pacific in the Age of Empire”
4. Akira Iriye, “A Pacific Century?”

Part II: Connections
5. Ryan T. Jones, “The Environment”
6. Adam McKeown, “Movement”
7. Kaoru Sugihara, “The Economy since 1800”
Part III: Knowledges
8. Bronwen Douglas, “Religion”
9. Lisa Ford, “Law”
10. Sujit Sivasundaram, “Science”

Part IV: Identities
11. James Belich, “Race”
12. Patricia O’Brien, “Gender”
13. Robert Aldrich, “Politics”
Provides outreach & education
PACIFIC HISTORIES: OCEAN, LAND, PEOPLE
50,000-28,000ya
Early Hominins &
Pleistocene Peoples
Lapita
Polynesians
1.6mya - 28tya
3,500ya - 2800ya
Reef Santa Cruz
352KM
1. What is Anthropology doing in
the Pacific

2. Time Depth &
Spatial Distribution

3. Linguistic
Diversity & Danger

5. Indigenous
Renaissance

What drove Lapita?
Increased sailing technology &
Traditional Ecological Knowledge
Rich virgin resources
Social factors
Natural Disasters
Human Curiosity
3,500 - 2900ya
2000-500ya
Lake Mungo
Austronesian - Lapita
Homeland
Separation of Mammals
and Marsupials
Homo
erectus
Homo
floresiensis
Hominins in the Pacific
Line of sight
visibility
Manus
PNG
New Britain
New Ireland
Buka
Ceramic Industry
Stilt Houses
Homo
sapiens
Two branches
Papuan/
Oldest in Pacific
Not "genetically" related
Austronesian
Most dispersed protolanguage
270 million speakers
6,ooo year history
~900 Languages
~450 Languages
Australian
"Genetically" related
"New"
Languages
Tok Pisin
Solomons Pijin
Tayo
Pitcairnese
Bislama
Hawaiian Pidgin
Easter Island's Rongorongo:
A written language?
Saving Yanyuwan language
Even small scale societies can have major impacts!
New Zealand
Fiji
New
Caledonia
Samoa
Tahiti
Marquesas
Easter
Tonga
Tuamotus
Australs
27-6
18-7
6-0
Moa & Haast
Eagle
Sooty
Tern
Giant Frog
& Mekosuchus
Giant Iguana,
Megapodes,
Bats
Tragedy of
the commons &
the rising of sea levels
Lessons in
Conservation: Reserves, Coral Gardening, and
Message in the waves
Festivals
Cultural/Language Revival
The world in the Pacific...
Ancestral Navigation
Marquesan Art Festival
Mt. Hagen Sing Sing
Kaimuki High School Ohana O Mele
Hokulea
Waka Tapu in
Rapa Nui
4. Participants & Witnesses to
Environmental Change & Hope

Nangol-Land Diving
These sites make
Aborigines the world's
most continuous culture
Obsidian
Cuscus
The Pacific in the world
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