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Copy of Greek & Roman Art
Transcript of Copy of Greek & Roman Art
2. HOW can you tell the difference between the Greek Orders?
3. IN WHAT WAY are the humans depicted in the Archaic period similar to Egyptian art? Greek Art
600-150BC Greek Art Divided into 3 periods…
Style of art changed during these periods.
Known for their sculpture
Greek art influences later European art. Archaic period Rigid, stiff figures.
drawn from memory. Classical period Sculpture starts to be more naturalistic.
Clothing no longer stylized Greek architecture post and lintel construction- columns or posts were used to support a horizontal beam or the lintel Art more concerned with action & emotion. Hellenistic What are the 3 periods in Greek Art?
What is the difference between the Greek’s post and lintel construction and the Roman’s arch?
Why do we study Roman art along side Greek art? Door Pass Sculpture changed very little between the Greeks and Romans.
Romans admired the Greek culture and copied their sculpture. Roman art
800BC-500AD Dome- a hemispheric vault or ceiling over a circular opening.
Oculus- eyelike opening at the top.
The Pantheon. 118-125 AD Roman architecture cont. Barrel Vault- an arched roof or covering made of brick or concrete
Mostly used to create a shelter or corridor. Roman architecture cont. Arch- curved architectural element used to span an opening. Essential in Roman architecture.
improvement over post-and-lintel of the Greeks bc it could bear more weight.
Used mostly for openings/ entrances Roman architecture Head of Augustus
27BC-14AD Focused on the bust
Busts- sculptures of people from the shoulders or neck up.
Romans did this to preserve the features of their emperors. Different from the Greeks Groin Vault- formed when 2 barrel vaults meet at right angles.
Also used to make corridors
Groin vault could hold more weight. Roman architecture cont. Mosaic- an artwork made of small, cubes of colored marble or glass set on cement.
wall and floor decoration Roman mosaics Idealized- representing something in a perfect form. Contrapasto- sculptural technique used so the weight of the body is in balance. When weight is on one leg, the shoulders & hips shift. Pediment- triangular section at the ends of a building. Greek Orders- decorative styles developed by the Greeks.
Corinthian Frieze- a continuous band of sculpture that runs along the top of the wall. Capital- the top element of a pillar or column Caryatids- columns carved to look like female figures.