Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in the manual
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Empathy = Civilisation
Transcript of Empathy = Civilisation
Identifying with the feeling of shame or pain by those being punished, as well as the feeling of vindication that justice creates in those who have been wronged. Justice From simple barter, through currency systems like cowrie shells or gold, to time related commerce like commodities futures, trade is ubiquitous.
Human culture and social rules, just or unjust, are strongly influenced by trade. Trade The communications factor Communicating emotion ART Communicating Information Knowledge Achievement The drive to make things better Spare Capacity creates the potential But once the space is there ... why is is filled with civilisation, not chaos ? Add the spare brain power to come up with ideas An excess of essential resources Frees time to spend on what we find stimulating POTENTIAL Evolution favours empathy ...provided it is underpinned with an animal sense of fair play and justice Social and cooperative behaviour is profitable... Watch the monkey! Empathy = Identification + (Sympathy OR Antipathy) Empathy & Sympathy are not the same thing Learn more about Empathy in this Prezi:
http://prezi.com/_lihwivvcrsj/empathy-love-it-or-loath-it/?kw=view-_lihwivvcrsj&rc=ref-20162345 From cave painting or dancing around a fire to a $100m movie, it is the empathy of the audience that makes the cultural artifact connect. Intuitive and emotional connections through physical empathy... Conscious engagement through intellectual empathy with conceptual artists The pleasure of teaching is created by empathy with the pupil. Creating and sharing the aha! moment.
Even when the pupil is remote or unknown to them, that empathy inspires the teacher. While Wikipedia proves the the value of teaching is higher that the personal cost of creating content, there is also a strong link to trade. Empathy informs judgements on the value of knowledge. The DARK side of Empathy Painography Pornography Selective Empathy Time Travelling Empathy Empathy for the satisfaction that the future you will experience, when you have achieved a goal, motivates your investment to achieve that future state. Jealousy Status Driven Empathy Understanding the feelings of respect and admiration (even envy) that your achievements create in others.. is a powerful driver for many people. Dividing and sharing tasks for common advantage A sadist needs to identify with their victim's reactions to gain satifaction from their acts.
A painography voyeur watching a slasher movie will identify with both the perpetrator and the victim as they enjoy the experience. Individuals living in close proximity use empathy to determine... Elephants cooperating to ensure both gain a treat Empathy is not always positive ...
It is not always a driver of positive outcomes... There is another side to empathy. ... to determine the limits
to which they can afford to impose on
neighbours without causing conflicts. An example of real time collaboration where understanding the motivation of the other party and being able to coordinate activity results in gains for both. Asynchronous cooperation = the division of labour Humans cooperate in fantastically complicated ways by extrapolating the basics of empathy in time and space, and communicating it through commerce. Natural Justice
Justice applied without bias The Ultimatum Game The Game: Player A has $100 and offers Player B a share (say $30) If B accepts A gains $70 B gains $30. If B refuses both get $0.
Outcomes: On average anything less than an 80/20 offer gets a 'No' and both loose. Even though a strictly rational view says that $1 for B is better than $0. Conclusion: Humans have an inherent sense of Fairness ... a 'justice gene' It is Empathy that underpins the judgement of how much to offer and whether to accept the offer in the Ultimatum Game Laws codify justice by anticipating the feelings of fairness by those affected by future events controlled by these laws. ... so what? Measuring Empathy The strength of empathy for the pleasure that the subject of the jealousy is experiencing = the strength of the jealousy Without empathy pornography has no purpose Siding with your own in-group ... the team, tribe, family, club ... species... makes it possible to prosecute the survival agenda of your genes against 'the others'. Where we drawn the line between the in-group and the out-group can be arbritary .. and lethal. Roots of Empathy technique has delivered dramatic reductions of aggression among normal young children who lean empathy this way (in Canada, USA & Isle of Man) Restorative Justice or Victim Awareness & Empathy Programmes have had good results in reducing re-offending rates for criminals SCIT (Social Cognition & Interaction Training) has made improvements in Empathy levels in adolescents & young adults with Autism Empathy can be learned The Interpersonal Reactivity Index - a self assessment tool, created in 1979 shows a reduction in Empathy in recent times... almost 75% of students in 2010 rated themselves as less empathic than the average student 30 years ago. (USA Study). That something so important to human civilisation is not measured a seems strange oversight! Success in trading is about understanding what the other party wants and needs ... it is all about empathy. An above average ability to trade well confers an survival advantage in the same way as physical strength, or disease resistance. Understanding others needs: