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Transform UTC-Incoming Students

Mandatory power-based violence presentation for all incoming students.
by Sara Peters on 5 March 2014

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Transcript of Transform UTC-Incoming Students

retaliation
Incoming Students
Power-based
Violence

What is it?
Definition:

A type of violence committed by an offender who uses the assertion of power, control, and/or intimidation in order to harm another.

These acts may be committed by strangers, friends, acquaintances, intimates, or other persons.

(Ending Violence, One Green Dot at a Time, Edwards)
Examples:
Sexual Assault
Rape
Intimate Partner Violence
Stalking
Sexual Harassment
Why Should I Care?
Victim Blaming?
What is it?
This occurs when the victim/victims of a crime are held entirely or partially responsible for the crimes committed against them.
What's the harm?
Sexual Assault and Rape
But what is consent?
Sexual Assault:
Any type of sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the EXPLICIT consent of the recipient.

Rape:
Forced sexual intercourse, including vaginal, anal, or oral penetration. Penetration may be by a body part or an object.
Consent definitions:
This is consent
like, have sex?
Do you
want to,
OHHHH YEAH!!!!!
This is NOT consent
you know,
Let's,
do it.
Whatever.
I am sooo wasted !!!!
No
No.
No!
He's freaking me out.
Maybe I should just say
yes.
I guess.
I know you're interested. Come
on!! If you really loved me you
would show me. Why do you
always reject me?
I really like you.
Let's go to my
room.
That's sweet and I like you, too, but I'm not ready.
We all know that girls
say no when they mean yes. They are teases.
REMEMBER
How can we prevent
rape and
sexual assault?

Risk Reduction
We should never use risk reduction as an excuse to blame the victim
If you had just not gone there!
You should have been more careful!
Why were you alone?
Didn't we tell you to watch your drink?
Buddy system! Duh!
I would never have
done that!!!!
The only person responsible for a sexual assault or rape is the perpetrator. They made the choice to commit a crime and did not give the victim a choice.
Who are the victims?
Who are the perpetrators?
Rape is never the victim's fault
Stopping rape means stopping the rapist
Bystander Intervention
Intimate Partner Violence
Stalking
Title IX
and
Sexual Misconduct
How to report
What do I do if...?
(U.S. Department of Justice, 2013)
(RAINN, 2009)
Consent is hearing the word "yes." It is not the absence of hearing "no." It's the LAW!
Both partners have MUTUALLY and FREELY agreed upon an act: with a clear understanding of what is being asked for and consented to and should be received at each increasing level of intimacy.
Consent should never be assumed or implied, even if one is in a relationship.
Consent should always be FREELY given: never from coercion, force, pressure, intimidation, or threats.

(Consent is Sexy Campaign, 2012)
Victims blame themselves for the attack.
Victims are less likely to report the incident.
Victims feel punished, instead of the perpetrator.
Results in perpetrators not being arrested.
Shifts the focus to victim's actions instead of the perpetrator's.
Victims are re-victimized by society.

About 1 in 5 women and 1 in 71 men in the United States has been raped at some time in their lives.
79.6% of female victims of completed rape experienced their first rape before the age of 25; 42.2% experienced their first completed rape before the age of 18.
27.8%, more than one-quarter of male victims of completed rape, experienced their first rape when they were 10 years of age or younger.
Across all types of violence, the majority of female victims reported that their perpetrators were male.
Male rape victims reported predominately male perpetrators.
More than half (51.1%) of female victims of rape reported being raped by an intimate partner and 40.8% by an acquaintance; for male victims, more than half (52.4%) reported being raped by an acquaintance and 15.1% by a stranger.
38% of perpetrators were a friend or acquaintance of the victim, 28% were intimate partners, and 7% were a relative.
(The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 2010)
(Project Unspoken, Emory University's Respect Program)
The opposite of love is not hate, it's indifference.
Elie Wiesel
In the end we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends.
Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.
The world is a dangerous place to live; not because of the people who are evil but because of the people who don't do anything about it.
Albert Einstein
I decided it was better to scream. Silence is the real crime against humanity.
Nadezhda Mandelstam
What is an active bystander?
Bystander effect
Diffusion of Responsibility
How can I be an active bystander ?
What will you do?
Scenario #1
Scenario #2
Scenario #3
What an intervention may look like
What an intervention may look like
What an intervention may look like
What is
intimate partner violence?
IPV Defined:
What does this look like?
Physical violence
Sexual violence
Emotional/Psychological Violence
Cycle of Violence
What does a healthy relationship look like?
violence occurs
"I'm so sorry! It will never happen again. I didn't even hit you that hard."
"I can't be without you. If you don't forgive me,
I will kill myself."
"Things are great. We've had a
few bumps, but they weren't a
big deal."
"Why don't you listen to
me? You always make
things so difficult!!!!"
"Where have you been? Who were you with? I know you have been up to something."
1 in 4 COLLEGE WOMEN will be sexually assaulted during her time on campus.
85% of sexual violence is committed by someone whom the victim knows.
9 out of 10 women in college who are raped never report.
One in 6 women and One in 33 men have experienced an attempted or completed rape .
57% of students who have reported being in an abusive dating relationship said it occurred in college.
(College Dating Violence and Abuse Poll, 2011)
(National coalition against Domestic Violence, n.d.)
Be aware of surroundings and tone of environment.
Understand the effects of drugs and alcohol and how drugs and alcohol are used by perpetrators to commit sexual assault.
Know your sexual intention and limits. You have the right to say "No" to any unwanted sexual contact.
Don't be afraid to make a scene if you feel threatened. If being pressured into unwanted sexual activity, don't hesitate to state your feelings and leave the situation if you can.
(RAINN, 2009).
(The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 2010)
What kind of situations should I intervene in?
street harassment
potential sexual assaults
victim blaming
racist or homophobic comments
bullying
objectification of women
violent situations
sexist jokes and comments
arguments that may get physical
TRUST YOUR INSTINCTS.
Victims can be ANY gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and age.
Phenomenon in which someone is less likely to intervene in an emergency situation when others are present than when he or she is alone.
The individual assumes that others either are responsible for taking action or have already done so.
Notice the event and determine which intervention strategy to use.
Determine if it is an emergency or non-emergency situation.
Do not assume someone else will help.
Publicly state your intentions to help.
Enlist others to help you
Encourage others by assigning duties-"I'll do 'A', You do 'B'."
NEVER put yourself in a dangerous situation. Get help if needed.
PATTERN of coercive control whereby abusers use physical, sexual, and emotional abuse to exercise POWER and CONTROL over their victims .
Respect- partner listens to and does not put down your thoughts; they support you emotionally & value your ideas and opinions.
Trust & Support- your partner supports you and your life goals. Your partner trusts you and respects your privacy.
Safety- your partner talks and acts so that you feel safe and comfortable expressing yourself and doing things.
A bystander is a person who observes a
conflict or unacceptable behavior. It might be something serious or minor, one-time or repeated, but the bystander knows that the behavior is destructive or likely to make a bad situation worse.
An active bystander takes steps that can make a difference.
Mediation@MIT, http://web.mit.edu/bystanders/definition/index.html
Countering a sexist remark
Helping a friend in trouble
Participating in an awareness program
Writing a paper on the issue
Becoming a volunteer for TRANSFORM UTC
Being a knowledgeable resource for victims
Educating yourself and your circle of influence about power-based violence
Responding to a victim blaming statement with words of support
Inviting a speaker to come talk to your group about preventing interpersonal violence
Believing that power-based violence is unacceptable and ACTING ON IT!
What else can I do?
Intervention Techniques
#1: The Friend
Address the potential victim as a friend, even if you don't know them-"OMG! I haven't seen you in forever!"
#2: Call out the behavior
1. Name the act- "You are harassing her!"
2. State the principle- "That is not OK."
3. Make a command- "Stop now."
#3: Make your presence felt
"Oops! I'm so sorry about spilling my coffee all over you."
Adapted from Chandigarh Hollaback, http://chd.ihollaback.org/
More Intervention Techniques
#4: Check in with the victim/potential victim
"Are you ok?"
"Do you need help?"
"Do you need a ride home?"
"Where are your friends?"
"Let's get out of here"
#5: Distraction
"Excuse me, but is that your car alarm?"
"Are you Jack? Someone was looking for you."
#6: Be a role model
When you intervene, others are more likely to step up, both in the immediate situation and in a future incident.
Adapted from Chandigarh Hollaback, http://chd.ihollaback.org/
You're standing in line at the movies and a group of guys behind you is making lewd comments about a woman. You hear one of them say, "I'd so rape her."

What do you do?
1. "You just said you would rape someone."
2. "Do you have any idea how offensive that is? Do you want to be that guy?"
3. "Please stop with the rude comments."
Saying something may or may not help, but doing nothing will definitely not help. Sometimes calling someone out on their behavior will stop them from behaving that way in the future.
You're in the UC and a man starts yelling at a woman about how stupid she is. He goes on to yell, "You never do anything right. I don't know why I put up with you." As the confrontation continues, the man is getting closer and closer and the woman is cringing.

What do you do?
Remember that addressing the situation head on may be dangerous for both you and the victim. Instead try to create a distraction or intervene in a non-confrontational way. "Oh my gosh! I just heard the strangest thing in class!"

If at all possible, remove the victim from the area and check in. Offer them assistance like a ride or walking them up to the Women's Center.

IMPORTANT!!!! If the confrontation becomes violent or blatantly threatening call the police.
Billy and Susie have been dating for a while. You know that it is important to Susie to wait until marriage to have sex. While you're at a party you see that Susie has been drinking quite a bit and you also overhear Billy tell his friend that he's going to "hit that" tonight. You see Billy walk over to Susie and start guiding her to a bedroom.

What do you do?
Ask Billy's friend to call him over. While Billy is distracted, walk up to Susie and say, "Can you believe how nasty this beer is? Let's get out of here." Invite Susie to a late night dinner at City Cafe and let Billy know you're leaving. If Susie is sober enough, speak with her about Billy's intentions; if not, speak with her the next day.

Talk to Billy's minister the next day and ask him to speak with Billy about consent, respect, and trust.
Unfortunately, most of the dialogue and efforts surrounding power-based violence are based on these myths:
only women can be victims
the danger is from strangers, not those that we know
only "those kind of people" are victimized
we can make ourselves safe from violence if we just (fill in the blank).
(Helen Eigenberg, Women Battering
in the United States)
Defining Stalking
A course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear.

Like other power-based crimes, stalking is an attempt to assert power and control over the victim even if the perpetrator does not intend to cause fear. The intention of perpetrator is irrelevant.
Common
stalking behaviors

Follows you and shows up wherever you are.
Sends unwanted gifts, letters, cards, or e-mails.
Damages your home, car, or other property.
Monitors your phone calls or computer use.
Uses technology, like hidden cameras or global positioning systems (GPS), to track where you go.
Drives by or hangs out at your home, school, or work.
Threatens to hurt you, your family, friends, or pets.
Finds out about you by using public records or online search services, hiring investigators, going through your garbage, or contacting friends, family, neighbors, or co-workers.
Posting information or spreading rumors about you on the Internet, in a public place, or by word of mouth.
Other actions that control, track, or frighten you.

Stalking often intersects with other forms of power-based violence.
Stalking
Example:
stalking an
ex-partner
Example:
threatening victim
Example:
raping a partner
Intimate Partner Violence
Sexual Assault/Rape
Power and Control
Technology Assisted Stalking
or
Cyberstalking
Social media and technology connects us all, but it has also given predators unimaginable access to our lives.
Stalkers are increasingly misusing a variety of telephone, surveillance, and computer technologies to harass, terrify, intimidate, coerce and monitor their victims. It is not uncommon for them to use both technology and more traditional methods.
Methods used include:
sending multiple emails or text messages a day
monitoring a victim's computer activity by using Spyware
tracking a victim's location using GPS, including GPS from cell phones
watching a victim through hidden cameras
intercepting phone calls and messages
impersonating the victim
posting or sharing videos and photos without the subject's permission
(National Network to End Domestic Violence)
(National Network to End Domestic Violence)
Stalkers often
use social media to
expose or threaten to expose embarrassing information about
a victim.
Be aware that we often can't control what information others post about us or even in our name. Increasingly, predators are impersonating victims online as a new way to torment them.
UTC is responsible for ensuring those rights are explained and protected.
Title IX guarantees students who report sexual misconduct (including everything from sexual harassment to rape) certain rights.
The Title IX Coordinator and his deputies are responsible for efforts to develop, implement, and monitor compliance with Title IX.

The Title IX Coordinator and his deputies oversee investigations into sexual misconduct involving UTC students.
Dr. Bryan Samuel-Title IX Coordinator
Office of Equity and Diversity
720 McCallie Ave
423-425-5670
bryan-samuel@utc.edu
Confidentiality
Students are only guaranteed confidentiality if they report the misconduct to the Women's Center's victim advocate, Student Health Services or the Counseling & Personal Development Center.
If the student chooses to report the misconduct to another university official, UTC may weigh the request for confidentiality against the following factors:
The seriousness of the alleged misconduct
The complainant’s age
Whether or not there have been harassment complaints about the same individual
The accused’s right to receive information contained in their “education record.”
Whether or not there have been other harassment complaints in a similar location
In short, if the community is at risk, UTC must protect ALL members of our campus.
Retaliation
Retaliation against anyone who reports sexual misconduct is strictly prohibited. Anyone responsible for retaliation, including the accused person or the friends or family of the accused person, will be subject to disciplinary action by the
University.
Perpetrators depend on the silence of victims and the
victim blaming
in our society
Stopping the violence means making victims feel safe and supported
The most effective way to stop power-based violence is to support victims if they report.
Many victims don't report due to shame and embarrassment, which are a direct result of victim blaming.
Many victims don't report due to fear of retaliation.
Many victims don't report because they have heard "horror stories" of others who reported.
Right to reporting
All students have the right to file a criminal complaint with the police
All students have the right to file a university complaint through the Dean of Students
All students have a right to report to the Title IX Coordinator
All students have the right to free and confidential counseling through the Counseling & Personal Development Center
All students have the right to free and confidential advocacy services through the Women's Center
If a student decides not to initiate a complaint/report to the police, the Dean of Students, or the Title IX Coordinator, it will limit the university's ability to investigate and resolve the accusation.
It is not required for a student to file a complaint with both the police (criminal) and the university (violation of the student code of conduct). The student can do one or the other or both.
A student who chooses not to report or file a complaint can always change their mind.
A few important bits
...I am sexually assaulted?
Get to a safe place
Talk to someone you trust
Preserve the physical evidence: If at all possible don't change clothes, bathe, brush your teeth, or use the bathroom. Collection of evidence is conducted at the Partnership's Rape Crisis Center
Seek medical attention: The Partnership and Student Health Services can provide basic medical services. For severe injuries, call 911.
Seek counseling
Report the incident
... a friend is sexually assaulted?
Make sure they aren't in immediate danger. If they are, call 911.
Give them their options, but let them decide what they want to do.
Remember that the perpetrator has taken power and control from your friend; let them take back control.
Make it clear that you believe them and don't blame them.
"I'm so sorry this happened to you."
"It's not your fault."
"You didn't deserve this."
Don't press them for details. It can seem like blame.
Be a supportive and caring friend, but also take care of yourself
... I am in a violent relationship?
Ask for help...even if you aren't ready to leave.
Everyone leaves at their own pace, but it is important to develop strategies to stay safe both within the relationship and if you choose to leave.
Create a safety plan with the help of an advocate.
Develop and nurture support systems.
Consider counseling to help develop self-esteem and healthy boundaries.
Report violent incidents to the police or at least document the incident if possible.
Consider applying for an Order of Protection
... a friend is in a violent relationship
Do not victim blame. The abuser spends a lot of time blaming, don't pile on.
Do not trash the abuser. Your friend may still care about the person even if they don't like their behavior
Do not make ultimatums. If you tell them you can't be their friend if they don't leave, you are only isolating your friend and helping the abuser.
Understand that leaving is a process and it is never as easy as just walking away.
Understand that abusers are at their most dangerous when they lose control of the victim. When an abuser says, "I'll kill you if you leave," they mean it.
Provide support as you are able, but remember to take care of yourself and remove yourself from potentially violent situations.
Campus Resources
Title IX Coordinator 423-425-5468
Student Development 423-425-4534
Dean of Students Office 423-425-4761
UTC Police Department 423-425-4357
Confidential Resources
Women's Center 423-425-5648
Counseling and Personal 423-425-4438
Development Center
Student Health Services 423-425-2266
Partnerships Crisis Hotline 423-755-2700
(24 Hour HOTLINE)
Final Thoughts
(Project Unspoken, Emory University's Respect Program)
Get involved
The Women's Center and Women's Action Council do activist work to address power-based violence.

If you are interested in getting involved, like us on at WCatUTC or follow us on @WCatUTC.
(Stalking Resource Center)
(Stalking Resource Center)
See the full transcript