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General Copyright Education Overview

An educational module librarians can use to present basic information about copyright to instructors, researchers, librarians, or other groups at their university.

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Transcript of General Copyright Education Overview

Copyright law grants creators the sole right to publish, reproduce, sell, display, perform and prepare derivative works of their original works. Works that are original Works that are in a fixed form (eg. written down or recorded) Copyrighted material can be used without permission only in a few situations. One such situation is known as "fair use" 1. The character or purpose of your use A work that is open access is freely accessible for anyone to read, distribute, reproduce, print, or search on the internet Open access is becoming increasingly common in the academic world Your students also hold the copyright to any work they produce for class Copyright Basics Fair Use Author's Rights Presentation Produced by the Copyright Education & Consultation Program What Do You Know About ? bulb book What is fair use? What are the four factors? 2. The nature of the material being used 3. The amount of the work that will be used 4. The effect your use will have on the market value for the original material There are four factors to consider when deciding whether or not your use of a work is fair (The green end of the spectrum is more likely to be considered fair use!) What is open access? Why should I consider open access? I keep hearing about creative commons ... How do I retain my rights? Why should I retain my rights? If students or your university want to view your work, they may need to buy back access through a publisher or database If you don't own the copyright to your material, you will need to get permission from the publisher if you want to use it in further research Read your publishing contracts and know what you are signing! How can you use public domain works? What is protected? What about my academic work? **This section may need to be altered depending on what institution you are at. Be sure to delete this text before you present!** At this university, you hold the copyright to any research or writings you produce What is not protected? Works that are original Works that are written or recorded in a fixed form Titles Facts Processes Government Works Works in the public domain Ideas These are examples, not a comprehensive list! Students also own the copyright to any work they produce for a course Graduate students hold the copyright to theses and dissertations but the university does retain the right to keep a copy and distribute it ~ ~ What falls under public domain? Materials that are no longer, or never were protected by copyright Most of the same ways the original copyright holder can! You can publish, reproduce, sell, display, perform, and prepare derivative works without permission Public Domain Copyright in Instruction & Research Consider open access publishing or institutional repositories (more about these later ...) Many websites offer addendas that you can attach to your contract ~ ~ For more information check out http://www.arl.org/sparc/author/index.shtml Or Open access increases availability of your work (which in turn increases the number of citations you get!) It also ensures that prohibitive journal prices and rules won't keep scholars away from your work The type of license you choose shows how the work can be used Creative Commons licenses - in fact any type of license - take precedence over copyright Is an instituional repository open access? ~ A creative commons license grants users permission to use a work in specific ways Open Access & Creative Comons Creative Commons licenses allow for community creation and adaptation. It lets people to use your work in new and meaningful ways Many universities are establising institutional repositories - places where faculty and students can submit a copy of their work Depending on the university's policies, most institutional repositories allow you to specifiy whether you want your work available to the public or just members of the university Again depending on the university you are at, you will most likely retain your orignal copyright if you submit work to a repository IDEALS (https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/) is the institutional repository at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - check it out! ~ ~ Picture of University of Michigan Card Catalog by Jane Park Picture of bookshelf by CCAC North Library Re-evaluate your use to see if you can cut back and so that it falls under fair use or choose a new work What if the copyright holder says no?! Who Should I Ask? Author Other beneficiary Publisher How should I ask? Be sure to get permission in writing There are often forms on publishers' websites Dear Copyright Holder: What portion of the material you will be using How you will be using the material The frequency of your use What you will be getting out of the use No response does not grant permission! Getting Permission Send a letter to the copyright holder Collective licensing agencies (such as the Copyright Clearance Center) maybe able to sell you a license When you write to the copyright holder let the copyright holder know ... The copyright holder could be: Picture of paper by D Sharon Pruitt Funded by a Library Services and Technology Act grant administered by the Illinois State Library Visit http://go.illinois.edu/copyright for more information! For example: Facts and titles that were never protected (eg. government documents) Works on which the copyright has expired Can I use copyrighted materials for instruction? Can I use copyrighted materials in my research? The short answer: Probably! Section 110 of copyright law allows public education institutions to display or perform copyrighted materials as long as it occurs during face-to-face teaching, the material has been lawfully obtained, and there is no profit being made It depends - your use must either be fair or you must have permission! Also, be sure to always cite materials you do use appropriately
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