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The Propagandist Graciano Lopez Jaena Marcelo H. del Pilar Jose P. Rizal Pedro Paterno Jose Rizal (1861 - 1896), a proponent of Filipino nationalism wrote several works with highly nationalistic and revolutionary tendencies. For chapter summaries see Get Higher Grades In Noli Me Tangere and Understanding El Filibusterismo pen name "laong -laan" Graciano Lopez Jaena August 30, 1850-July 4, 1896 was a celebrated figure in the Philippine Revolution and a leading propagandist for reforms in the Philippines. Popularly known as Plaridel, he was the editor and co-publisher of La Solidaridad. He tried to marshal the nationalist sentiment of the Filipino ilustrados, or bourgeoisie, against Spanish imperialism. Marcelo H. del Pilar was born in Cupang (now Barangay San Nicolas), Bulacan, Bulacan, on August 30, 1850, to cultured parents Julián Hilario del Pilar and Blasa Gatmaitan. He studied at the Colegio de San José and later at the University of Santo Tomas, where he obtained his law degree in 1880. Fired by a sense of justice against the abuses of the clergy, del Pilar attacked bigotry and hypocrisy and defended in court the impoverished victims of racial discrimination. He preached the gospel of work, self-respect, and human dignity. His mastery of Tagalog, his native language, enabled him to arouse the consciousness of the masses to the need for unity and sustained resistance against the Spanish tyrants. In 1882, del Pilar founded the newspaper Diariong Tagalog to propagate democratic liberal ideas among the farmers and peasants. In 1888, he defended José Rizal's polemical writings by issuing a pamphlet against a priest's attack, exhibiting his deadly wit and savage ridicule of clerical follies. In 1888, fleeing from clerical persecution, del Pilar went to Spain, leaving his family behind. pen name"diego laura". Born on August 30, 1850, in Kupang, San Nicolas, Bulacan.
-Died on July 4, 1896 in Barcelona, Spain.
-Made a Mason in a Spanish Lodge in 1889 – one of   the First Filipinos initiated in Masonry in Europe.
-Co-founded Logia Revolucion in Barcelona and revived   Logia Solidaridad No. 53 in Madrid, he became   Worshipful Master of the latter with Rizal as orator.
-He spearheaded the secret organization of Masonic   Lodges of the Philippines as a means of   strengthening the Propaganda Movement.
-He spearheaded the secret organization of Masonic   Lodges of the Philippines as a means of   strengthening the Propaganda Movement.
Crowned 33rd Degree by Gran Oriente Espanol. The Plaridel Masonic Temple and his hometown are   named in his honor, adopting his pen-name   ”Plaridel.” He founded the “Diariong Tagalog”, the first vernacular daily newspaper and used it in publicly denouncing the   abuses and oppression of the authorities. A well-trained lawyer and writer, he left the Philippines for Spain because of government persecution. He carried his fight against the rulers to Madrid where he edited “La Solidaridad”.
-Considered the greatest Filipino journalist of his time and “most intellectual leader and true soul of the   Philippine Revolution” he died of starvation away from his beloved country, a true patriot and martyr. pen name Plaride, Pupdo Dolores Manapat. pen name "dimasalang'' Marcelo H. del pilar Pedro Paterno was born in Manila on February 27, 1857. Pedro Paterno was a Filipino statesman as well as a poet and writer. He was the author of Pacto de Biyak-na-Bato (Pact of Biyak-na-Bato), first published in 1910.

He studied at Ateneo de Manila and afterwards at the University of Salamanca. He likewise enrolled at the Central University of Madrid where he completed his law degree.

Paterno joined the Propaganda Movement. His greatest contribution to the country was his role as a mediator in the peace agreement between the Spaniards and the Filipinos.
Pedro Paterno contributed a lot in Philippine literature too. His writings showed how much he loved his country. He had also given the Filipinos a sense of pride through the honors and achievements he had contributed to our culture and literature. His work El Cristianismo en la Antigua Civilization Tagalog, was one work that achieved so much admiration and recognition.
  Paterno was one of the representatives in the National Assembly on April 1899. He did not agree in the planned annexation of the Philippines to the United States. He believed that the Filipinos would rather choose to govern their own country than have it ruled by the Americans. Because of his refusal, other Filipinos followed suit. This refusal stirred their emotions to fight against the Americans later on.
Paterno died on March 27, 1911 at the age of 53. pen name: "kalipulapo,nanding,tikbalang." Pedro Paterno Antonio Luna Mariano Ponce M.H. del Pilar, lawyer and journalist, excelled as political pamphleteer. His pamphletes were classics of satire, notably Dasalan at Tuksohan (1880), La Soberania Monacal en Filipinas (18880, and La Frailocracia Filipina (1889). Lopez Jaena, the greastest orator of the Propaganda, was also a gifted writer. In his satirical novelette, Fray Botod (Fat Friar). He ridiculed the Spanish friars who became very fat for eating too much and living in luxury at the expense of poor Filipinos, whom they abuse. In one of his articles published in La Solidaridad entitled “En Tinieblas” (In Utter Darkness), he lambasted the biased Spanish writers for their absurdities. López Jaena sailed for Spain. There he was to become a leading literary and oratorical spokesman for the cause of Filipino freedom. Historians regard López Jaena, along with Marcelo H. del Pilar and José Rizal, as the triumvirate of Filipino propagandists. Of these three López Jaena was the first to arrive and may be said the Genesis of the Propaganda movement.
In addition he is remembered for his literary contributions to the propaganda movement. He founded the fortnightly newspaper, La Solidaridad (Solidarity). When the publication office moved from Barcelona to Madrid the editorship went to Marcelo H. del Pilar. contribution His greatest impact on the development of a Filipino national consciousness, however, was his publication of two novels--Noli Me Tangere (Touch me not) in 1886 and El Filibusterismo (The reign of greed) in 1891. Rizal drew on his personal experiences and depicted the conditions of Spanish rule in the islands, particularly the abuses of the friars. Although the friars had Rizal's books banned, they were smuggled into the Philippines and rapidly gained a wide readership. Jose Rizal's code name during the Kilusang Propaganda movement were the ff: Dimasalang and Laon Laan contribution Juan Luna Jose Maria Panganiban Eduardo de Lete Esabelo delos Reyes Dominador Gomez Pedro Serrano Laktaw Pedro A. Paterno, doctor of laws and man-of-letters, and published at Madrid in 1885. He also wrote a volume of melodious poems Sampaguitas (Madrid, 1880) and a historical book, La Antigua Civilizacion Tagalog (Madrid, 1887) Antonio luna -Born on October 28, 1866 in Manila.
-Killed on June 5, 1899 in Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija.
-Made a Mason in Spain and among those who revived Lodge Solidaridad No. 53 in Madrid.
-Assisted Dr. Pardo de Tavera and Dr. Ariston V. Bautista in founding a “Triangulo” in Paris under the auspices of Logia Solidaridad. -Commissioned with Serrano Laktaw to secretly organize Masonic Lodges in the Philippines to strengthen the Propaganda Movement.
-Bachelor of Arts, highest honor, 1883, Ateneo de Manila.
-Doctor of Pharmacy, 1890, Central University of Madrid.
-A gifted writer, he worked with Rizal Del Pilar, Lopez Jaena and Mariano Ponce in the Propaganda Movement for Reforms.
-Arrested in the Philippines in 1896 as rebel, and together with his brother Juan Luna, he was banished to Spain.
-He returned to his country after studying military science and tactics in Belgium, and was appointed by General Aguinaldo as over-all Commander of the Filipino forces at the outbreak of the Filipino- American War.
-A sharp-shooter and master swordsman, he personally led the Filipino forces in the battles against the Americans.
-A fiercely dedicated patriot, he was acclaimed the foremost military strategist during the Filipino- American War. pen name "taga-ilog" Antonio Luna who wrote the book, Impresiones , a collection of essays describing the customs of the spaniards in Madrid. Gomez studied medicine at the University of Santo Tomas but finished his degree in Madrid, Spain. He joined the group of young and patriotic middle-class Filipinos of intelligence, courage, and prominence led by Dr. Jose Rizal and Marcelo H. del Pilar, the same group who organized the Propaganda Movement to work in Spain for political and social reforms in the Philippines. Under the pseudonym “Ramiro Franco”, he supported the movement through his contributions for the official publication of the organization, La Solidaridad, which he also helped finance from 1889 to 1895. pen name "Romiro Franco". Dominador Gomez Senator Isabelo delos Reyes was born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur, on July 7, 1864 to Elias de los Reyes and Leona Florentino.
He acquired his early education in the Seminary of Vigan. The cruel discipline imposed by the friar-professors and their arrogance and bigotry inflamed his rebellious spirit so that he came to have a lifelong for frailocracy.
In 1880, at the age of 16, he went to Manila and enrolled in the College of San Juan de Letran. Two years later, on his eighteenth birthday on July 7, 1882, his father died. After receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts from Letran, he entered the University of Santo Tomas, where he studied law and paleography. In 1886 he finished the course on notary public, but could not practice it because he was then 22 years old - three years short of the minimum age required by law to qualify as notary public.
To supplement the limited monthly allowance he received from his mother, he became a journalist. Writing was in his blood, for he inherited his passionate love for literature and writing ability from his mother. He wrote articles for EI Diario de Manila, La Oceania Espanol, EI Comercio, La Revista Popular, La Opinion, and other Manila newspapers.
On June 14, 1884, while he was a 2O-year old struggling newspaperman, he married Josefa Sevilla of Malabon. pen name"ron-ron'. Isabelo delos reyes In 1889 he founded the first vernacular newspaper in the Philippines, Elllocano, with himself as editor as well as publisher. This periodical did not last long. However, it achieved distinction in the history of Philippine journalism. He made intensive researches on Philippine history and culture and wrote various historical works, such as Las Islas Visayas en la Epoca de la Conquista(first edition in 187, second edition in 1889); La Expedicion de Li-Mahong contra Filipinas en 1574 (1888); Triuntos del Rosario 0 Los Holandeses en Filipinas (1888); Prehistoria de Filipinas (1889); EI Folklore Filipino (1889); and Historia de Ilocos (1890, 2 vols.). Jose Ma. Panganiban author of the crictical essay “La Universidad de Filipinas: Plan de Estudios” (published in La Solidaridad) which exposed the defects of the Church-dominated education in the Philippines, Isabelo de los Reyes folklorist and historians, who authored El folk-Lore Filipino (1887) and Historia de Ilocos (1890, 2 volumes) Mariano Ponce biographer, who wote the series “Celebres Filipinos” in La Solidaridad. pen name "jomapa". Jose Maria Panganiban Born on March 23, 1863 in Baliwag, Bulacan.
-Died on May 23, 1918 in Hongkong.
-Made a Mason in Logia Iberia in Madrid.
-Secretary of Logia Revolution and Logia Solidaridad No. 53.
-A 33rd Degree Mason under the Gran Oriente  Espanol.
-Bachelor of Arts, 1885, San Juan de Letran.
-Finished Medicine, 1889, Central University, Madrid.
-Formed with Rizal and del Pilar, the “Glorious Trinity of Propaganda Movement” in Spain.
-A magnificent researcher and prolific writer, he authored the “Celebrated Filipinos” and other patriotic  writings and Philippine folklore.
-A brilliant journalist, he assisted Lopez Jaena in founding the publication “La Solidaridad.”
-Secretary General and Diplomatic agent of General Aguinaldo in Japan where he purchased arms for the  Philippine Revolution.
-An intimate friend of Dr. Sun-Yat-Sen, also a 32nd Degree Mason, dedicated patriot and valiant fighter, he  ranks among the great heroes of the Philippines. pen name "Daniel Lorejas''. Mariano ponce Pedro Serrano Laktaw married Roberta Buison in 1887 by whom had 13 children, including Rosalio, Jr., Pedro, Isidro, Jose, Manuel, Consuelo, Balbino, Hermenegildo, Pedring, Teresa, Patricio. He died on 22 September 1928 and was buried in Mandaluyong, Rizal.
He was attracted by the ideals of fraternity and enlightenment and he was recruited into Freemasonry, joining on 1 April 1889 the Lodge Revolucion in Barcelona, Spain with Graciano Lopez Jaena, Jose Rizal, Mariano Ponce, Marcelo H. Del Pilar, Jose Alejandrino, Antonio Luna and Juan Luna. This lodge was later renamed to Solidaridad No. 5. The Masonic grandmaster Miguel Morayta of the Spanish Gran Oriente Español designated Pedro Serrano Laktaw and Antonio Luna to establish Freemasonry in the Philippines. Returning to Manila in 1890 he helped found other Masonic lodges throughout the country. Working with an early Masonic recruit Moises Salvador and Jose A. Ramos, who was based in London, he established the first all-Filipino lodge called Nilad, which became the motherhouse of all lodges. It was officially recognized by the Gran Oriente Español the following year, with Jose A. Ramos designated as head and Serrano as its first secretary. His Masonic name was Panday Pira, a legendary cannon maker of the 16th century. pen name "Jusro Desiderio Magalang". Pedro serrano laktaw Thereafter he wrote for España Oriental and Revista Catolica de Filipinas. In the second half of the Philippine Revolution he resumed his propagandistic career, writing articles for El Heraldo de la Revolucion. He continued writing nationalistic articles under the American regime, for other organs such as Ang Bayan, Ang Kapatid ng Bayan and Kalayaan.
He cemented his reputation as a lexicographer and grammarian when he pulished Diccionario Tagalog-Hispano in 1914. contribution Born on October 23, 1857 in Batac, Ilocos Norte.
-Died on December 7, 1899 in Hongkong.
-Made a Mason in Paris, France under the auspices of Logia Solidaridad No. 53.
-Bachelor of Arts, 1874, Ateneo de Manila.
-Studied painting, 1877, Academy of Fine Arts, Madrid.
-Pensioned by the City of Manila for painting work in  Europe.
-Participated in Arts Exhibitions in Rome, Paris, Barcelona and Madrid, in which his ‘Spolarium”, “Battle of  Lepanto”, “Death of Cleopatra”, won one bronze three silver and four gold medals, and two government  decorations to the honor and glory of his country.
-Worked with Filipino patriots in Spain for reforms.
-Imprisoned in the Philippine for complicity in the Katipunan and banished to Spain.
-Appointed by Aguinaldo ad head of a delegation to Washington to persuade President McKinley to reverse the  American decision to colonize the Philippines.
-A genius of the brush, he was the greatest Filipino painter who projected the Philippines into the limelight to  world attention. Juan luna “novicio In the April 15, 1892 issue, an article by [Eduardo de] Lete entitled, ‘Redentores de perro chico’ appeared, a crude satire on ‘Iluso I,’ the great patriot of Villailusa, who urges the people to rise against the tyrants and to procure liberty.  To the objection that they lack arms, money, organization, he replies with disdain that none of these are necessary to the true patriot, but as for himself, ‘I ought not to fight!  My life is sacred and my mission of a higher nature!’  If they do not go forth, he proclaims, ‘… I will curse your love for the soil which gave you birth; I will call you voluntary slaves; I will spit in your faces and retire to a solitary wilderness to bewail in deeply-felt elegies the misfortunes of my enslaved country.’  When a few deluded wretches take him at his word, they end up on the gallows or in exile, while he, who has shown his patriotism by orating, sits in solitary grandeur, proclaiming: ‘I am reserved for greater enterprises!  I am the only prophet, the only one who loves his country as it should be loved!’” Eduardo de lete “rolato del pilar” In the April 15, 1892 issue, an article by [Eduardo de] Lete entitled, ‘Redentores de perro chico’ appeared, a crude satire on ‘Iluso I,’ the great patriot of Villailusa, who urges the people to rise against the tyrants and to procure liberty.  To the objection that they lack arms, money, organization, he replies with disdain that none of these are necessary to the true patriot, but as for himself, ‘I ought not to fight!  My life is sacred and my mission of a higher nature!’  If they do not go forth, he proclaims, ‘… I will curse your love for the soil which gave you birth; I will call you voluntary slaves; I will spit in your faces and retire to a solitary wilderness to bewail in deeply-felt elegies the misfortunes of my enslaved country.’  When a few deluded wretches take him at his word, they end up on the gallows or in exile, while he, who has shown his patriotism by orating, sits in solitary grandeur, proclaiming: ‘I am reserved for greater enterprises!  I am the only prophet, the only one who loves his country as it should be loved!’” contribution
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