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Brahman Cattle

Characteristics, history, and industry facts about the Brahman cattle breed.
by Lindsay Bowman on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Brahman Cattle

Lindsay Bowman Controversial Origin History Brahman cattle have a very distinctive appearance with a hump over the shoulders, (Bos Indicus) loose skin under the throat, and large drooping ears. Characteristics Brahman cattle, like other breeds have some disadvantages when it comes to production and maintenance. Problems The Good Stuff! Working to Improve Brahman EPDs Research V8 Ranch The majority of experts report that Brahmans are actually an American breed originating in the South United States in the early 1900's
Developed from several different breeds of Zebu cattle which were imported from India. Can be Gray or Red in color with varying pigmentation and color patterns Fun Fact! Their loose skin and large ears help them endure harsh sunlight and heat which is part of why they are known to adapt well to extremely hot climates in the southern parts of the U.S. and places around the world. 1. Low productivity
Genetically, Brahman cattle are slow to puberty and very late maturing. This has been known to cause problems during production in regards to pregnancy, maternal abilities, and input costs. 2. Gestation
292 days, on average 15 days longer than other british or continental breeds of cattle. 3. Growth and Market Traits
Frame size is not an issue, but carcass projections have been proven to be an issue in Brahman cattle.
Less marbling, lighter muscled, etc.. Remarkable adaptions for survival
Hot tropical, climates
Not affected as much by drought and harsh sunlight Disease Resistance
Closely related to survival adaption traits, their thick skin and strong immune systems keeps them from things like pink eye and ring worm. Crossbreeding
Referred to by some as the "common denominator breed", they are excellent cross breeders
With calving ease, heat tolerance, and growthy reputation, they are being used to develop newer improved breeds like Brangus and Beefmaster The American Brahman Breeders Association is releasing a new genomic-enhanced expected progeny difference for tenderness that now incorporates DNA information from GeneSTAR and Pfizer Animal Health.

The results show up to a 10% increase in accuracy for tenderness when compared with the previous tenderness EPD offered by ABBA. In addition, GeneSTAR enabled more animals to have EPDs computed for this especially difficult and expensive to measure trait. http://www.abraonline.org/online/cgi-bin/i4.dll?1=3E3F2F2E&2=322B V8 Ranch is a highlight in the Brahman world, they conduct an annual Brahman Bull test where Brahman bulls were the first to get carcass ultrasound data and disposition scores. They also do a "ranch to rail" Brahman steer only study where they work to provide more and more data on fed out Brahmans, which will hopefully improve their carcass reputation. Brahman Cattle Brahman Show Cattle The link here provides a typical Brahman EPD data report along with breed averages
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