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Psychology- Does music affect personality?

A psychological test to try to understand if music affects behavior
by Jeffrey Ali on 9 October 2012

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Transcript of Psychology- Does music affect personality?

Does music affect behavior? By Jeffrey Ali, Adrian Guitierrez, and Michael Lindarto It seems today that nearly
everyone listens to music.
For most people, it's a part of their everyday life. B U T Could the type of music that we listen to influence our behavior or personality? To find out, we started a
correlational study. Hypothesis Our hypothesis was that the type of music you listen to does affect your social behavior. After considering how many different genres of music there are, we realized it would be impossible for us to test all of them. So we took four genres to test. Rock We hypothesized that people who listened to rock might be more aggressive. Rap We hypothesized that people who listened to rap might be more verbal. Indie We hypothesized that people who listened to indie might be happier. Hip Hop/ R&B We hypothesized that people who listened to hip hop/ R&B might be more chill/ neutral. Answer each question as honestly as possible. This survey is completely confidential. Circle one answer per question.

1. What genre of music do you typically listen to?

a. Rap

b. Hip-hop

c. Rock

d. Indy

e. Other



2. How often do you listen to music per day?

a. 1-2 hours

b. 3-4 hours

c. 5 + hours

d. 0 hours



3. You are on a 3 hour bus ride, you would:

a. Talk to someone and hold a conversation

b. Stare out the window

c. Start an argument / bug someone

d. Greet someone, but sit at your seat for the remainder of the time



4. There is a massive fight at your school, you:

a. Run to the fight

b. Yell out provocative slurs

c. Watch the fight from a safe distance

d. Continue what you were doing, ignoring the situation



5. Someone dropped their textbooks while walking to class, you:

a. Pick it up

b. Walk past the person who dropped the book

c. Kick the book farther away

d. Hesitate, then pick up the book



6. A teacher yells at you, you:

a. Talk back to the teacher

b. Defend yourself logically

c. Sit quietly

d. Apologize



7. A person bumps into you while walking to class, you:

a. Ignore the bump

b. Yell at the person

c. Bump the person back

d. Apologize, the continue walking



8. Someone is flirting with your significant other, you:

a. Physically assault them

b. Watch and see what happens

c. Kindly tell the person to leave

d. Verbally assault the person



9. A classmate asks for the answers to an exam, worth 60% of your grade, you:

a. Provide your answers

b. Ignore the request

c. Inform your instructor of the cheater

d. Provide the wrong answers



10. You see a student punch your best friend in the face, you:

a. Punch the student

b. Watch and see what happens

c. Get your friend to safety

d. Provoke the fight How we conducted our study The three of us went around our classrooms asking random students if they'd like to help us with our survey. Participants were given a sheet of paper with the following hypothetical questions to observe how they would react in various social situations.
We decided to include an (e. Other) on the first question because we realized some people listen to music that does not fall into one of these four categories, for example, country or dubstep. We also included it to test how people who did not listen to music under these four categories would react in these social situations. This survey was given to 38 people. Problems we accounted for Question 2 was included to see whether the amount of time spent listening to music per day made any difference. We hypothesized people who listen to more hours of music would be more influenced than someone who listened to less. Results 1-2 hours 3-4 hours 0 hours 5+ hours Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock Hip Hop/ R&B Indie Rap 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1-2 hours 3-4 hours 0 hours 5+ hours Rap Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2 2 3 1 3 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1-2 hours 3-4 hours 0 hours 5+ hours Indie Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1-2 hours 3-4 hours 0 hours 5+ hours Hip Hop/R&B Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1-2 hours 3-4 hours 0 hours 5+ hours Other Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rock (Aggressive) Hip Hop/ R&B (Neutral) Indie (Happy) Rap (Verbal) 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 5 1 1 1 5 3 2 2 4 1 1 1 4 2 1 3 2 1 1 5 2 3 1 3 3 2 1 3 1 1 3 1 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 4 3 2 1 3 1 3 2 1 2 1 1 2 4 2 4 2 1 1 1 3 3 2 4 3 2 1 3 1 2 3 3 1 5 3 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 As our scatter plots indicate,
there is no correlation between
the type of music that you listen to and the way that you react in various social situations. Regardless of the type of music they listened to, most people chose the same answers on our survey.Therefore, our hypothesis was wrong, music does not influence your personality/ behavior. Our findings were not completely reliable because we only surveyed 38 people, which may not have been enough to see a correlation. However, if anyone were to replicate our project using the same sample size and setting they would more than likely have the same result. To conclude, if a larger sample size were taken, assuming no correlation arises, then
the type of music you listen to does not affect your behavior. Conclusion A major problem that we encountered that we did not plan for, was that nearly half of the students in our school listen to hip hop while indie was a lot less popular. 18 out of 38 people chose hip hop/ R&B while only 2 out of 38 chose indie. This made it very difficult to check for a correlation with indie.
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